Acoustooptic 2-D profile shaping of a Gaussian laser beam has been achieved by two plane ultrasonic waves progressing in orthogonal directions. The spot size W of the Gaussian laser beam must be considerable less than the wavelength Λ of the ultrasonic wave at the acoustooptic interaction region. The ultrasonic cell is dealt with as a Raman-Nath 2-D phase grating but serves as a 2-D beam deflector in time for the interaction scheme of interest. The wave front of the Gaussian laser beam must be almost plane in the interaction region. The profile shaping condition is 0.15 ≦ (W/Λ) ≦ 0.30 only when the Raman-Nath parameter dependent on the ultrasonic power has values between υ = 1.0 and 2.0.
© 1985 Optical Society of America
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