Abstract

The effect of hydrostatic pressure on the fluorescence spectrum of rhodamine 6G dye in two different solutions is studied. The peak shifts to longer wavelengths with increasing pressure with a pressure coefficient of −29 and −19 cm−1/kbar for ethanol and 4:1 methanol–ethanol solvents, respectively. Possible applications of increasing the tunability of dye lasers by pressure are discussed.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. J. Weber, Ed., Handbook for Laser Science Technology (CRC Press, Cleveland, 1982), p. 371.
  2. W. Demtroder, Laser Spectroscopy (Springer, New York, 1981).
  3. N. S. Allen, J. T. McKellar, Photochemistry of Dyed and Pigmented Polymers (Applied Science Publisher, London, 1980).
  4. C. A. Parker, Photoluminescence of Solutions (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1968).
  5. V. A. Gaisenok et al., “Accumulation of the Energy of Singlet-Excited Molecules of Rhodamine 6G in Solution,” Opt. Spectrosc. 56, 226 (1984).
  6. U. Venkateswaran, M. Chandrasekhar, H. R. Chandrasekhar, “Luminescence and Raman Spectra of CdS under Hydrostatic Pressure,” Phys. Rev. B 30, 3316 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. S. Bradley, High Pressure Physics and Chemistry (Academic, London, 1963).
  8. B. Y. Okumoto, H. G. Drickamer, “Evaluation of Configuration Coordinate Parameters from High Pressure Optical Data,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2870 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  9. O. A. Salman, H. G. Drickamer, “The Effect of Pressure and Freezing on Luminescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 77, 3337 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. E. Weale, Chemical Reactions at High Pressures (ESFN Spon, London, 1967).
  11. J. A. Myer et al., “Dye Laser Stimulation with a Pulsed N2 Laser Line at 3371 Å,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 3 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  12. T. W. Hansch, “Repetitively Pulsed Tunable Dye Laser for High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 11, 895 (1972).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1984 (2)

V. A. Gaisenok et al., “Accumulation of the Energy of Singlet-Excited Molecules of Rhodamine 6G in Solution,” Opt. Spectrosc. 56, 226 (1984).

U. Venkateswaran, M. Chandrasekhar, H. R. Chandrasekhar, “Luminescence and Raman Spectra of CdS under Hydrostatic Pressure,” Phys. Rev. B 30, 3316 (1984).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

O. A. Salman, H. G. Drickamer, “The Effect of Pressure and Freezing on Luminescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 77, 3337 (1982).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

B. Y. Okumoto, H. G. Drickamer, “Evaluation of Configuration Coordinate Parameters from High Pressure Optical Data,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2870 (1974).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

1970 (1)

J. A. Myer et al., “Dye Laser Stimulation with a Pulsed N2 Laser Line at 3371 Å,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 3 (1970).
[Crossref]

Allen, N. S.

N. S. Allen, J. T. McKellar, Photochemistry of Dyed and Pigmented Polymers (Applied Science Publisher, London, 1980).

Bradley, R. S.

R. S. Bradley, High Pressure Physics and Chemistry (Academic, London, 1963).

Chandrasekhar, H. R.

U. Venkateswaran, M. Chandrasekhar, H. R. Chandrasekhar, “Luminescence and Raman Spectra of CdS under Hydrostatic Pressure,” Phys. Rev. B 30, 3316 (1984).
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, M.

U. Venkateswaran, M. Chandrasekhar, H. R. Chandrasekhar, “Luminescence and Raman Spectra of CdS under Hydrostatic Pressure,” Phys. Rev. B 30, 3316 (1984).
[Crossref]

Demtroder, W.

W. Demtroder, Laser Spectroscopy (Springer, New York, 1981).

Drickamer, H. G.

O. A. Salman, H. G. Drickamer, “The Effect of Pressure and Freezing on Luminescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 77, 3337 (1982).
[Crossref]

B. Y. Okumoto, H. G. Drickamer, “Evaluation of Configuration Coordinate Parameters from High Pressure Optical Data,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2870 (1974).
[Crossref]

Gaisenok, V. A.

V. A. Gaisenok et al., “Accumulation of the Energy of Singlet-Excited Molecules of Rhodamine 6G in Solution,” Opt. Spectrosc. 56, 226 (1984).

Hansch, T. W.

McKellar, J. T.

N. S. Allen, J. T. McKellar, Photochemistry of Dyed and Pigmented Polymers (Applied Science Publisher, London, 1980).

Myer, J. A.

J. A. Myer et al., “Dye Laser Stimulation with a Pulsed N2 Laser Line at 3371 Å,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 3 (1970).
[Crossref]

Okumoto, B. Y.

B. Y. Okumoto, H. G. Drickamer, “Evaluation of Configuration Coordinate Parameters from High Pressure Optical Data,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2870 (1974).
[Crossref]

Parker, C. A.

C. A. Parker, Photoluminescence of Solutions (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1968).

Salman, O. A.

O. A. Salman, H. G. Drickamer, “The Effect of Pressure and Freezing on Luminescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 77, 3337 (1982).
[Crossref]

Venkateswaran, U.

U. Venkateswaran, M. Chandrasekhar, H. R. Chandrasekhar, “Luminescence and Raman Spectra of CdS under Hydrostatic Pressure,” Phys. Rev. B 30, 3316 (1984).
[Crossref]

Weale, K. E.

K. E. Weale, Chemical Reactions at High Pressures (ESFN Spon, London, 1967).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. A. Myer et al., “Dye Laser Stimulation with a Pulsed N2 Laser Line at 3371 Å,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 3 (1970).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

B. Y. Okumoto, H. G. Drickamer, “Evaluation of Configuration Coordinate Parameters from High Pressure Optical Data,” J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2870 (1974).
[Crossref]

O. A. Salman, H. G. Drickamer, “The Effect of Pressure and Freezing on Luminescence,” J. Chem. Phys. 77, 3337 (1982).
[Crossref]

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

V. A. Gaisenok et al., “Accumulation of the Energy of Singlet-Excited Molecules of Rhodamine 6G in Solution,” Opt. Spectrosc. 56, 226 (1984).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

U. Venkateswaran, M. Chandrasekhar, H. R. Chandrasekhar, “Luminescence and Raman Spectra of CdS under Hydrostatic Pressure,” Phys. Rev. B 30, 3316 (1984).
[Crossref]

Other (6)

R. S. Bradley, High Pressure Physics and Chemistry (Academic, London, 1963).

K. E. Weale, Chemical Reactions at High Pressures (ESFN Spon, London, 1967).

M. J. Weber, Ed., Handbook for Laser Science Technology (CRC Press, Cleveland, 1982), p. 371.

W. Demtroder, Laser Spectroscopy (Springer, New York, 1981).

N. S. Allen, J. T. McKellar, Photochemistry of Dyed and Pigmented Polymers (Applied Science Publisher, London, 1980).

C. A. Parker, Photoluminescence of Solutions (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1968).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Fluorescence spectra of rhodamine 6G in ethanol (concentration 10−3 mole) for different pressures.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fluorescence spectra of rhodamine 6G in a 4:1 methanol–ethanol solvent (concentration 2 × 10−4 mole) for different pressures.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pressure dependence of the peak position of the fluorescence spectra for a, ethanol solvent and b, 4:1 methanol–ethanol solvent.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pressure dependence of the fluorescense intensity of rhodamine 6G in a, ethanol and b, 4:1 methanol–ethanol.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fluorescence spectra of rhodamine 6G in a 4:1 methanol–ethanol solvent in the decreasing cycle of pressure. Note the increased linewidth at low pressures compared with that of Fig. 2.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ E = Δ E A B i Δ E A B 0 = 4 π ρ 0 0 [ V A B i ( R ) V A B 0 ( R ) ] g A B ( R ) R 2 d R ,
D h ν 1 1 D * ,
1 D * D + h ν 2 ,
1 D * 3 D .
3 D + solvent molecule solvent molecule ( + H + ) + D · ¯ ,
D · ¯ + D · ¯ D 2 + D
3 D + D D + · + D · ¯ ;
D + · + D · ¯ 2 D
( L n K P ) T = Δ V R T ,

Metrics