Abstract

A compilation of the optical constants of ice Ih is made for temperatures within 60 K of the melting point. The imaginary part mim of the complex index of refraction m is obtained from measurements of spectral absorption coefficient; the real part mre is computed to be consistent with mim by use of known dispersion relations. The compilation of mim requires subjective interpolation in the near-ultraviolet and microwave, a temperature correction in the far-infrared, and a choice between two conflicting sources in the near-infrared. New measurements of the spectral absorption coefficient of pure ice are needed, at temperatures near the melting point, for 185–400-nm, 1.4–2.8-μm, 3.5–4.3-μm, 33–600-μm, and 1–100-mm wavelengths.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Evans, J. Glaciol. 5, 773 (1965).
  3. P. S. Ray, Appl. Opt. 11, 1836 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. V. Hobbs, Ice Physics (Clarendon, Oxford, 1974).
  5. W. J. Wiscombe, S. G. Warren, J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 2712 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Whalley, J. Phys. Chem. 87, 4174 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Seki, K. Kobayashi, J. Nakahara, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 50, 2643 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. Mishima, D. D. Klug, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 78, 6399 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. P. Johari, Contemp. Phys. 22, 613 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. W. Schaaf, D. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 726 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. E. Bertie, H. J. Labbé, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 50, 4501 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. C. Grenfell, D. K. Perovich, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 7447 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. D. Neufeld, G. Andermann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1156 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. M. Hale, M. R. Querry, Appl. Opt. 12, 555 (1973).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. E. Merwin, “Refractivity of Birefringent Crystals,” in International Critical Tables (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1930), Vol. 7, pp. 16–33.
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    [CrossRef]
  17. G. R. Jiracek, “Radio Sounding of Antarctic Ice,” in Research Report 67-1, (Geophysicaland Polar Research Center, U. Wisconsin, 1967).
  18. J. B. Hasted, Aqueous Dielectrics (Chapman & Hall, London, 1973).
  19. J. Daniels, Opt. Commun. 3, 240 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. Onaka, T. Takahashi, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 24, 548 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Otto, M. J. Lynch, Aust. J. Phys. 23, 609 (1970).
  22. K. Dressler, O. Schnepp, J. Chem. Phys. 33, 270 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  23. E. V. Browell, R. C. Anderson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 919 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  24. T. Shibaguchi, H. Onuki, R. Onaka, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 42, 152 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. P. Minton, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 1162 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  26. L. R. Painter, R. D. Birkhoff, E. T. Arakawa, J. Chem. Phys. 51, 243 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  27. F. Sauberer, Wetter Leben 2, 193 (1950).
  28. T. C. Grenfell, J. Glaciol. 27, 476 (1981).
  29. W. Luck, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 67, 186 (1963).
  30. F. P. Reding, “The Vibrational Spectrum and Structure of Several Molecular Crystals at Low Temperature,” Ph.D. Thesis, Brown U., Providence, R.I. (1951).
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    [CrossRef]
  32. N. Ockman, “The Infrared-Spectra and Raman-Spectra of Single Crystals of Ordinary Ice,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Michigan, Ann Arbor (1957).
  33. R. N. Clark, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 3087 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  34. U. Fink, H. P. Larson, Icarus 24, 411 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  35. N. Ockman, Adv. Phys. 7, 199 (1958).
    [CrossRef]
  36. M. S. Bergren, D. Schuh, M. G. Sceats, S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 69, 3477 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  37. S. Tsujimoto, A. Konishi, T. Kunitomo, Cryogenics 22, 603 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  38. J. E. Bertie, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 1271 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  39. A. Léger, S. Gauthier, D. Défourneau, D. Rouan, Astron. Astrophys. 117, 164 (1983).
  40. E. Whalley, H. J. Labbé, J. Chem. Phys. 51, 3120 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  41. R. Zimmermann, G. C. Pimentel, Advances in Molecular Spectroscopy, (Macmillan, New York, 1962), Vol. 2, pp. 726–737.
  42. J. Lamb, Discuss. Faraday Soc. 42A, 238 (1946).
  43. J. Lamb, A. Turney, Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sect. B 62, 272 (1949).
    [CrossRef]
  44. W. A. Cumming, J. Appl. Phys. 23, 768 (1952).
    [CrossRef]
  45. J. W. Perry, A. W. Straiton, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5180 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  46. S. R. Gough, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4251 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  47. J. W. Perry, A. W. Straiton, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 731 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  48. M. R. Vant, R. B. Gray, R. O. Ramseier, V. Makios, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4712 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  49. R. H. Ragle, R. G. Blair, L. E. Persson, J. Glaciol. 5, 39 (1964).
  50. R. S. Vickers, “Microwave Properties of Ice from the Great Lakes,” NASA Contract. Rep. 135222 (1977).
  51. A. von Hippel, Tables of Dielectric Materials (MIT Press, Cambridge, 1945).
  52. T. Yoshino, Antarct. Rec. 11, 228 (1961).
  53. G. P. Johari, P. A. Charette, J. Glaciol. 14, 293 (1975).
  54. G. P. Johari, J. Chem. Phys. 64, 3998 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  55. P. M. Champion, A. J. Sievers, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 1569 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  56. H. D. Downing, D. Williams, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 1656 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  57. R. K. Ahrenkiel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1651 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  58. R. Z. Bachrach, F. C. Brown, Phys. Rev. B 1, 818 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  59. E. Gilberg, M. J. Hanus, B. Foltz, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 5093 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

1983 (3)

A. Léger, S. Gauthier, D. Défourneau, D. Rouan, Astron. Astrophys. 117, 164 (1983).

O. Mishima, D. D. Klug, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 78, 6399 (1983).
[CrossRef]

E. Whalley, J. Phys. Chem. 87, 4174 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

E. Gilberg, M. J. Hanus, B. Foltz, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 5093 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsujimoto, A. Konishi, T. Kunitomo, Cryogenics 22, 603 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (5)

T. C. Grenfell, J. Glaciol. 27, 476 (1981).

R. N. Clark, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 3087 (1981).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Johari, Contemp. Phys. 22, 613 (1981).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Grenfell, D. K. Perovich, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 7447 (1981).
[CrossRef]

M. Seki, K. Kobayashi, J. Nakahara, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 50, 2643 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (2)

P. M. Champion, A. J. Sievers, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 1569 (1980).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wiscombe, S. G. Warren, J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 2712 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

M. S. Bergren, D. Schuh, M. G. Sceats, S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 69, 3477 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

T. Shibaguchi, H. Onuki, R. Onaka, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 42, 152 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

G. P. Johari, J. Chem. Phys. 64, 3998 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (4)

H. D. Downing, D. Williams, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 1656 (1975).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Johari, P. A. Charette, J. Glaciol. 14, 293 (1975).

U. Fink, H. P. Larson, Icarus 24, 411 (1975).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Browell, R. C. Anderson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 919 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

M. R. Vant, R. B. Gray, R. O. Ramseier, V. Makios, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4712 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (3)

1972 (5)

J. D. Neufeld, G. Andermann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 1156 (1972).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Ray, Appl. Opt. 11, 1836 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. R. Gough, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4251 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Perry, A. W. Straiton, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 731 (1972).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Gough, Can. J. Chem. 50, 3046 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (3)

J. Daniels, Opt. Commun. 3, 240 (1971).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Minton, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 1162 (1971).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Ahrenkiel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1651 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (2)

R. Z. Bachrach, F. C. Brown, Phys. Rev. B 1, 818 (1970).
[CrossRef]

A. Otto, M. J. Lynch, Aust. J. Phys. 23, 609 (1970).

1969 (3)

J. E. Bertie, H. J. Labbé, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 50, 4501 (1969).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Painter, R. D. Birkhoff, E. T. Arakawa, J. Chem. Phys. 51, 243 (1969).
[CrossRef]

E. Whalley, H. J. Labbé, J. Chem. Phys. 51, 3120 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968 (2)

R. Onaka, T. Takahashi, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 24, 548 (1968).
[CrossRef]

W. M. Irvine, J. B. Pollack, Icarus 8, 324 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

J. E. Bertie, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 1271 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

S. Evans, J. Glaciol. 5, 773 (1965).

1964 (1)

R. H. Ragle, R. G. Blair, L. E. Persson, J. Glaciol. 5, 39 (1964).

1963 (1)

W. Luck, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 67, 186 (1963).

1961 (1)

T. Yoshino, Antarct. Rec. 11, 228 (1961).

1960 (1)

K. Dressler, O. Schnepp, J. Chem. Phys. 33, 270 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1958 (2)

D. F. Hornig, H. F. White, F. P. Reding, Spectrochim. Acta 12, 338 (1958).
[CrossRef]

N. Ockman, Adv. Phys. 7, 199 (1958).
[CrossRef]

1952 (1)

W. A. Cumming, J. Appl. Phys. 23, 768 (1952).
[CrossRef]

1950 (1)

F. Sauberer, Wetter Leben 2, 193 (1950).

1949 (1)

J. Lamb, A. Turney, Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sect. B 62, 272 (1949).
[CrossRef]

1946 (1)

J. Lamb, Discuss. Faraday Soc. 42A, 238 (1946).

Ahrenkiel, R. K.

Andermann, G.

Anderson, R. C.

Arakawa, E. T.

L. R. Painter, R. D. Birkhoff, E. T. Arakawa, J. Chem. Phys. 51, 243 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bachrach, R. Z.

R. Z. Bachrach, F. C. Brown, Phys. Rev. B 1, 818 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bergren, M. S.

M. S. Bergren, D. Schuh, M. G. Sceats, S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 69, 3477 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bertie, J. E.

J. E. Bertie, H. J. Labbé, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 50, 4501 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bertie, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 1271 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Birkhoff, R. D.

L. R. Painter, R. D. Birkhoff, E. T. Arakawa, J. Chem. Phys. 51, 243 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Blair, R. G.

R. H. Ragle, R. G. Blair, L. E. Persson, J. Glaciol. 5, 39 (1964).

Browell, E. V.

Brown, F. C.

R. Z. Bachrach, F. C. Brown, Phys. Rev. B 1, 818 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Champion, P. M.

P. M. Champion, A. J. Sievers, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 1569 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Charette, P. A.

G. P. Johari, P. A. Charette, J. Glaciol. 14, 293 (1975).

Clark, R. N.

R. N. Clark, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 3087 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Cumming, W. A.

W. A. Cumming, J. Appl. Phys. 23, 768 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Daniels, J.

J. Daniels, Opt. Commun. 3, 240 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Défourneau, D.

A. Léger, S. Gauthier, D. Défourneau, D. Rouan, Astron. Astrophys. 117, 164 (1983).

Downing, H. D.

H. D. Downing, D. Williams, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 1656 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Dressler, K.

K. Dressler, O. Schnepp, J. Chem. Phys. 33, 270 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Evans, S.

S. Evans, J. Glaciol. 5, 773 (1965).

Fink, U.

U. Fink, H. P. Larson, Icarus 24, 411 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Foltz, B.

E. Gilberg, M. J. Hanus, B. Foltz, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 5093 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, S.

A. Léger, S. Gauthier, D. Défourneau, D. Rouan, Astron. Astrophys. 117, 164 (1983).

Gilberg, E.

E. Gilberg, M. J. Hanus, B. Foltz, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 5093 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gough, S. R.

S. R. Gough, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4251 (1972).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Gough, Can. J. Chem. 50, 3046 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Gray, R. B.

M. R. Vant, R. B. Gray, R. O. Ramseier, V. Makios, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4712 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Grenfell, T. C.

T. C. Grenfell, D. K. Perovich, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 7447 (1981).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Grenfell, J. Glaciol. 27, 476 (1981).

Hale, G. M.

Hanus, M. J.

E. Gilberg, M. J. Hanus, B. Foltz, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 5093 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hasted, J. B.

J. B. Hasted, Aqueous Dielectrics (Chapman & Hall, London, 1973).

Hobbs, P. V.

P. V. Hobbs, Ice Physics (Clarendon, Oxford, 1974).

Hornig, D. F.

D. F. Hornig, H. F. White, F. P. Reding, Spectrochim. Acta 12, 338 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Irvine, W. M.

W. M. Irvine, J. B. Pollack, Icarus 8, 324 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Jiracek, G. R.

G. R. Jiracek, “Radio Sounding of Antarctic Ice,” in Research Report 67-1, (Geophysicaland Polar Research Center, U. Wisconsin, 1967).

Johari, G. P.

G. P. Johari, Contemp. Phys. 22, 613 (1981).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Johari, J. Chem. Phys. 64, 3998 (1976).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Johari, P. A. Charette, J. Glaciol. 14, 293 (1975).

Klug, D. D.

O. Mishima, D. D. Klug, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 78, 6399 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

M. Seki, K. Kobayashi, J. Nakahara, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 50, 2643 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Konishi, A.

S. Tsujimoto, A. Konishi, T. Kunitomo, Cryogenics 22, 603 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kunitomo, T.

S. Tsujimoto, A. Konishi, T. Kunitomo, Cryogenics 22, 603 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Labbé, H. J.

J. E. Bertie, H. J. Labbé, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 50, 4501 (1969).
[CrossRef]

E. Whalley, H. J. Labbé, J. Chem. Phys. 51, 3120 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Lamb, J.

J. Lamb, A. Turney, Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sect. B 62, 272 (1949).
[CrossRef]

J. Lamb, Discuss. Faraday Soc. 42A, 238 (1946).

Larson, H. P.

U. Fink, H. P. Larson, Icarus 24, 411 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Léger, A.

A. Léger, S. Gauthier, D. Défourneau, D. Rouan, Astron. Astrophys. 117, 164 (1983).

Luck, W.

W. Luck, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 67, 186 (1963).

Lynch, M. J.

A. Otto, M. J. Lynch, Aust. J. Phys. 23, 609 (1970).

Makios, V.

M. R. Vant, R. B. Gray, R. O. Ramseier, V. Makios, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4712 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Merwin, H. E.

H. E. Merwin, “Refractivity of Birefringent Crystals,” in International Critical Tables (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1930), Vol. 7, pp. 16–33.

Minton, A. P.

A. P. Minton, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 1162 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Mishima, O.

O. Mishima, D. D. Klug, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 78, 6399 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nakahara, J.

M. Seki, K. Kobayashi, J. Nakahara, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 50, 2643 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Neufeld, J. D.

Ockman, N.

N. Ockman, Adv. Phys. 7, 199 (1958).
[CrossRef]

N. Ockman, “The Infrared-Spectra and Raman-Spectra of Single Crystals of Ordinary Ice,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Michigan, Ann Arbor (1957).

Onaka, R.

T. Shibaguchi, H. Onuki, R. Onaka, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 42, 152 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. Onaka, T. Takahashi, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 24, 548 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Onuki, H.

T. Shibaguchi, H. Onuki, R. Onaka, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 42, 152 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Otto, A.

A. Otto, M. J. Lynch, Aust. J. Phys. 23, 609 (1970).

Painter, L. R.

L. R. Painter, R. D. Birkhoff, E. T. Arakawa, J. Chem. Phys. 51, 243 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Perovich, D. K.

T. C. Grenfell, D. K. Perovich, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 7447 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Perry, J. W.

J. W. Perry, A. W. Straiton, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5180 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Perry, A. W. Straiton, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 731 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Persson, L. E.

R. H. Ragle, R. G. Blair, L. E. Persson, J. Glaciol. 5, 39 (1964).

Pimentel, G. C.

R. Zimmermann, G. C. Pimentel, Advances in Molecular Spectroscopy, (Macmillan, New York, 1962), Vol. 2, pp. 726–737.

Pollack, J. B.

W. M. Irvine, J. B. Pollack, Icarus 8, 324 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Querry, M. R.

Ragle, R. H.

R. H. Ragle, R. G. Blair, L. E. Persson, J. Glaciol. 5, 39 (1964).

Ramseier, R. O.

M. R. Vant, R. B. Gray, R. O. Ramseier, V. Makios, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4712 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ray, P. S.

Reding, F. P.

D. F. Hornig, H. F. White, F. P. Reding, Spectrochim. Acta 12, 338 (1958).
[CrossRef]

F. P. Reding, “The Vibrational Spectrum and Structure of Several Molecular Crystals at Low Temperature,” Ph.D. Thesis, Brown U., Providence, R.I. (1951).

Rice, S. A.

M. S. Bergren, D. Schuh, M. G. Sceats, S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 69, 3477 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Rouan, D.

A. Léger, S. Gauthier, D. Défourneau, D. Rouan, Astron. Astrophys. 117, 164 (1983).

Sauberer, F.

F. Sauberer, Wetter Leben 2, 193 (1950).

Sceats, M. G.

M. S. Bergren, D. Schuh, M. G. Sceats, S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 69, 3477 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Schaaf, J. W.

Schnepp, O.

K. Dressler, O. Schnepp, J. Chem. Phys. 33, 270 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Schuh, D.

M. S. Bergren, D. Schuh, M. G. Sceats, S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 69, 3477 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Seki, M.

M. Seki, K. Kobayashi, J. Nakahara, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 50, 2643 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Shibaguchi, T.

T. Shibaguchi, H. Onuki, R. Onaka, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 42, 152 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Sievers, A. J.

P. M. Champion, A. J. Sievers, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 1569 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Straiton, A. W.

J. W. Perry, A. W. Straiton, J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5180 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Perry, A. W. Straiton, J. Appl. Phys. 43, 731 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, T.

R. Onaka, T. Takahashi, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 24, 548 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Tsujimoto, S.

S. Tsujimoto, A. Konishi, T. Kunitomo, Cryogenics 22, 603 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Turney, A.

J. Lamb, A. Turney, Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sect. B 62, 272 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Vant, M. R.

M. R. Vant, R. B. Gray, R. O. Ramseier, V. Makios, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4712 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Vickers, R. S.

R. S. Vickers, “Microwave Properties of Ice from the Great Lakes,” NASA Contract. Rep. 135222 (1977).

von Hippel, A.

A. von Hippel, Tables of Dielectric Materials (MIT Press, Cambridge, 1945).

Warren, S. G.

W. J. Wiscombe, S. G. Warren, J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 2712 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Whalley, E.

E. Whalley, J. Phys. Chem. 87, 4174 (1983).
[CrossRef]

O. Mishima, D. D. Klug, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 78, 6399 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bertie, H. J. Labbé, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 50, 4501 (1969).
[CrossRef]

E. Whalley, H. J. Labbé, J. Chem. Phys. 51, 3120 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bertie, E. Whalley, J. Chem. Phys. 46, 1271 (1967).
[CrossRef]

White, H. F.

D. F. Hornig, H. F. White, F. P. Reding, Spectrochim. Acta 12, 338 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D.

H. D. Downing, D. Williams, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 1656 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Schaaf, D. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 726 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Wiscombe, W. J.

W. J. Wiscombe, S. G. Warren, J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 2712 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, T.

T. Yoshino, Antarct. Rec. 11, 228 (1961).

Zimmermann, R.

R. Zimmermann, G. C. Pimentel, Advances in Molecular Spectroscopy, (Macmillan, New York, 1962), Vol. 2, pp. 726–737.

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