Abstract

This paper reports measurements we have made of the Faraday rotation in terbium-doped Hoya FR-5 glass in pulsed magnetic fields of up to 200 kG at the He–Ne laser wavelength of 6328 Å and at sample temperatures ranging from room temperature to 20 K. Our results show a huge increase in the Faraday rotation at low temperatures as well as a dramatic saturation in the rotation angle as the magnetic field increases. In addition, we have conducted measurements of the magnetic susceptibility of this material. Theoretical models explaining both the magnetization and the Faraday rotation give consistent results.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. A. Wunderlich, L. G. DeShazer, Appl. Opt. 16, 1584 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Balbin Villaverde, D. A. Donatti, D. G. Bozinis, J. Phys. C. 11, L495 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Balbin Villaverde, D. A. Donatti, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 5341 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Balbin Villaverde, E. C. C. Vasconcellos, Appl. Opt. 21, 1347 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. J. Stephens, Adv. Chem. Phys. 35, 197 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. N. Schatz, A. J. McCaffery, Q. Rev. Chem. Soc. 23, 552 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. D. Buckingham, P. J. Stephens, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 17, 399 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Becquerel, J. van den Handel, Physica 7, 711 (1940).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics (Wiley, New York, 1971).
  10. R. C. Weast, Ed., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (Chemical Rubber Co., Cleveland, 1968).
  11. S. Oseroff, San Diego State U.; private communication.
  12. J. A. Davis, J. Appl. Phys. 53, 3921 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. C. Cross, G. A. Collins, Am. J. Phys. 49, 479 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. Yoshino, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19, 745 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Hoya Faraday Rotator Glass Report, Hoya Optics, Inc., 2180 Sand Hill Rd., Menlo Park, Calif. 94025.
  16. K. Dismukes, S. H. Lott, J. P. Barach, Appl. Opt. 5, 1246 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. N. George, R. W. Waniek, S. W. Lee, Appl. Opt. 4, 253 (1965).
    [CrossRef]

1982 (2)

1981 (1)

R. C. Cross, G. A. Collins, Am. J. Phys. 49, 479 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (2)

I. Yoshino, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19, 745 (1980).
[CrossRef]

A. Balbin Villaverde, D. A. Donatti, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 5341 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

A. Balbin Villaverde, D. A. Donatti, D. G. Bozinis, J. Phys. C. 11, L495 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

1976 (1)

P. J. Stephens, Adv. Chem. Phys. 35, 197 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

P. N. Schatz, A. J. McCaffery, Q. Rev. Chem. Soc. 23, 552 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1966 (2)

A. D. Buckingham, P. J. Stephens, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 17, 399 (1966).
[CrossRef]

K. Dismukes, S. H. Lott, J. P. Barach, Appl. Opt. 5, 1246 (1966).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1965 (1)

1940 (1)

J. Becquerel, J. van den Handel, Physica 7, 711 (1940).
[CrossRef]

Balbin Villaverde, A.

A. Balbin Villaverde, E. C. C. Vasconcellos, Appl. Opt. 21, 1347 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Balbin Villaverde, D. A. Donatti, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 5341 (1980).
[CrossRef]

A. Balbin Villaverde, D. A. Donatti, D. G. Bozinis, J. Phys. C. 11, L495 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Barach, J. P.

Becquerel, J.

J. Becquerel, J. van den Handel, Physica 7, 711 (1940).
[CrossRef]

Bozinis, D. G.

A. Balbin Villaverde, D. A. Donatti, D. G. Bozinis, J. Phys. C. 11, L495 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Buckingham, A. D.

A. D. Buckingham, P. J. Stephens, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 17, 399 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Collins, G. A.

R. C. Cross, G. A. Collins, Am. J. Phys. 49, 479 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Cross, R. C.

R. C. Cross, G. A. Collins, Am. J. Phys. 49, 479 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Davis, J. A.

J. A. Davis, J. Appl. Phys. 53, 3921 (1982).
[CrossRef]

DeShazer, L. G.

Dismukes, K.

Donatti, D. A.

A. Balbin Villaverde, D. A. Donatti, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 5341 (1980).
[CrossRef]

A. Balbin Villaverde, D. A. Donatti, D. G. Bozinis, J. Phys. C. 11, L495 (1978).
[CrossRef]

George, N.

Kittel, C.

C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics (Wiley, New York, 1971).

Lee, S. W.

Lott, S. H.

McCaffery, A. J.

P. N. Schatz, A. J. McCaffery, Q. Rev. Chem. Soc. 23, 552 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Oseroff, S.

S. Oseroff, San Diego State U.; private communication.

Schatz, P. N.

P. N. Schatz, A. J. McCaffery, Q. Rev. Chem. Soc. 23, 552 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Stephens, P. J.

P. J. Stephens, Adv. Chem. Phys. 35, 197 (1976).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Buckingham, P. J. Stephens, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 17, 399 (1966).
[CrossRef]

van den Handel, J.

J. Becquerel, J. van den Handel, Physica 7, 711 (1940).
[CrossRef]

Vasconcellos, E. C. C.

Waniek, R. W.

Wunderlich, J. A.

Yoshino, I.

I. Yoshino, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19, 745 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Chem. Phys. (1)

P. J. Stephens, Adv. Chem. Phys. 35, 197 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Am. J. Phys. (1)

R. C. Cross, G. A. Collins, Am. J. Phys. 49, 479 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

A. D. Buckingham, P. J. Stephens, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 17, 399 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. A. Davis, J. Appl. Phys. 53, 3921 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Balbin Villaverde, D. A. Donatti, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 5341 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. C. (1)

A. Balbin Villaverde, D. A. Donatti, D. G. Bozinis, J. Phys. C. 11, L495 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

I. Yoshino, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19, 745 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Physica (1)

J. Becquerel, J. van den Handel, Physica 7, 711 (1940).
[CrossRef]

Q. Rev. Chem. Soc. (1)

P. N. Schatz, A. J. McCaffery, Q. Rev. Chem. Soc. 23, 552 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

Hoya Faraday Rotator Glass Report, Hoya Optics, Inc., 2180 Sand Hill Rd., Menlo Park, Calif. 94025.

C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics (Wiley, New York, 1971).

R. C. Weast, Ed., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (Chemical Rubber Co., Cleveland, 1968).

S. Oseroff, San Diego State U.; private communication.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Magnetic susceptibility of Hoya FR-5 glass (in cgs units) plotted vs reciprocal temperature showing Curie law temperature dependence. Solid line shows theoretical fit.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Magnetization of Hoya FR-5 glass plotted vs magnetic field for sample temperature of 5.1 K showing saturation effects. Solid line shows theoretical fit.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Verdet constant of Hoya FR-5 glass plotted vs reciprocal temperature showing Curie law temperature dependence. Solid line shows theoretical curve.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Faraday rotation angle for 1-cm length of Hoya FR-5 glass plotted vs magnetic field for sample temperature of 30 K. Solid line shows theoretical curve.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

θ = A H + B H + C ( H , T ) .
θ = a B J ( x ) + b H ,
θ = a ( J + 1 ) g μ B H 3 K T + b H .
θ = V H ,
θ = a ( J + 1 ) g μ B 3 K T + b .
M = N g J μ B B J ( x ) ,
M = N J ( J + 1 ) g 2 μ 2 B H 3 KT .
I = I 0 cos 2 ( θ + θ 0 ) .
a ( J + 1 ) g μ B 3 K = 75.3 ± 0.1 min K cm - 1 G - 1 .

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