Abstract

The optical constants (nr,ni) for solid ammonia in the cubic phase from 50 to 71,000 cm−1 (0.14–200 μm) are displayed in both graphical and tabular form. The refractive indices nr were obtained from previously published spectra of the absorption index ni by means of the Kramers-Kronig dispersion relation. Mie scattering parameters in the same spectral range are graphically illustrated for particle sizes from 1 to 100 μm. An application of these results to the atmosphere of the planet Jupiter is also presented.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. W. Taylor, J. Atmos. Sci. 30, 677 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  2. C. W. Robertson, H. D. Downing, B. Curnutte, D. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 432 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  3. G. Sill, U. Fink, J. Ferraro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 724 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  4. B. E. Wood, J. A. Roux, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 720 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. A. Roux, B. E. Wood, A. M. Smith, AEDC-TR-79-57 (AD-A074913, Sept.1979).
  6. A. Prikhotko, Acta Physicochim. URSS 12, 559 (1940).
  7. A. Prikhotko, Acta Physicochim. URSS 12, 565 (1940).
  8. H. H. Kieffer, W. D. Smythe, unpublished spectra, UCLA (1973).
  9. L. S. Slobodkin, I. F. Buyakov, R. D. Cess, J. Caldwell, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 20, 481 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. Dressler, O. Schnepp, J. Chem. Phys. 33, 270 (1960).
    [Crossref]
  11. E. V. Browell, R. C. Anderson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 919 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Anderson, S. A. Walmsley, Mol. Phys. 9, 1 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  13. F. A. Mauer, H. F. McCurdie, American Crystallographic Association Meeting, Milwaukee, Wisc., June 1958.
  14. J. E. Marcoux, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 998 (1969).
  15. V. G. Manzhelii, A. M. Tolkachev, Sov. Phys. Solid State 5, 2506 (1964).
  16. A. R. Holmes, “Light Scattering from Ammonia and Water Crystals,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Arizona (1981).
  17. J. B. Pollack, J. N. Cuzzi, J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 868 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  19. G. S. Orton, J. F. Appleby, J. V. Martonchik, Icarus 52, 94 (1982).
    [Crossref]

1982 (2)

B. E. Wood, J. A. Roux, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 720 (1982).
[Crossref]

G. S. Orton, J. F. Appleby, J. V. Martonchik, Icarus 52, 94 (1982).
[Crossref]

1980 (2)

G. Sill, U. Fink, J. Ferraro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 724 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. B. Pollack, J. N. Cuzzi, J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 868 (1980).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

L. S. Slobodkin, I. F. Buyakov, R. D. Cess, J. Caldwell, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 20, 481 (1978).
[Crossref]

1975 (2)

1974 (1)

J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527 (1974).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

F. W. Taylor, J. Atmos. Sci. 30, 677 (1973).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

1965 (1)

A. Anderson, S. A. Walmsley, Mol. Phys. 9, 1 (1965).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

V. G. Manzhelii, A. M. Tolkachev, Sov. Phys. Solid State 5, 2506 (1964).

1960 (1)

K. Dressler, O. Schnepp, J. Chem. Phys. 33, 270 (1960).
[Crossref]

1940 (2)

A. Prikhotko, Acta Physicochim. URSS 12, 559 (1940).

A. Prikhotko, Acta Physicochim. URSS 12, 565 (1940).

Anderson, A.

A. Anderson, S. A. Walmsley, Mol. Phys. 9, 1 (1965).
[Crossref]

Anderson, R. C.

Appleby, J. F.

G. S. Orton, J. F. Appleby, J. V. Martonchik, Icarus 52, 94 (1982).
[Crossref]

Browell, E. V.

Buyakov, I. F.

L. S. Slobodkin, I. F. Buyakov, R. D. Cess, J. Caldwell, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 20, 481 (1978).
[Crossref]

Caldwell, J.

L. S. Slobodkin, I. F. Buyakov, R. D. Cess, J. Caldwell, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 20, 481 (1978).
[Crossref]

Cess, R. D.

L. S. Slobodkin, I. F. Buyakov, R. D. Cess, J. Caldwell, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 20, 481 (1978).
[Crossref]

Curnutte, B.

Cuzzi, J. N.

J. B. Pollack, J. N. Cuzzi, J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 868 (1980).
[Crossref]

Downing, H. D.

Dressler, K.

K. Dressler, O. Schnepp, J. Chem. Phys. 33, 270 (1960).
[Crossref]

Ferraro, J.

Fink, U.

Hansen, J. E.

J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527 (1974).
[Crossref]

Holmes, A. R.

A. R. Holmes, “Light Scattering from Ammonia and Water Crystals,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Arizona (1981).

Kieffer, H. H.

H. H. Kieffer, W. D. Smythe, unpublished spectra, UCLA (1973).

Manzhelii, V. G.

V. G. Manzhelii, A. M. Tolkachev, Sov. Phys. Solid State 5, 2506 (1964).

Marcoux, J. E.

Martonchik, J. V.

G. S. Orton, J. F. Appleby, J. V. Martonchik, Icarus 52, 94 (1982).
[Crossref]

Mauer, F. A.

F. A. Mauer, H. F. McCurdie, American Crystallographic Association Meeting, Milwaukee, Wisc., June 1958.

McCurdie, H. F.

F. A. Mauer, H. F. McCurdie, American Crystallographic Association Meeting, Milwaukee, Wisc., June 1958.

Orton, G. S.

G. S. Orton, J. F. Appleby, J. V. Martonchik, Icarus 52, 94 (1982).
[Crossref]

Pollack, J. B.

J. B. Pollack, J. N. Cuzzi, J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 868 (1980).
[Crossref]

Prikhotko, A.

A. Prikhotko, Acta Physicochim. URSS 12, 559 (1940).

A. Prikhotko, Acta Physicochim. URSS 12, 565 (1940).

Robertson, C. W.

Roux, J. A.

B. E. Wood, J. A. Roux, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 720 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. A. Roux, B. E. Wood, A. M. Smith, AEDC-TR-79-57 (AD-A074913, Sept.1979).

Schnepp, O.

K. Dressler, O. Schnepp, J. Chem. Phys. 33, 270 (1960).
[Crossref]

Sill, G.

Slobodkin, L. S.

L. S. Slobodkin, I. F. Buyakov, R. D. Cess, J. Caldwell, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 20, 481 (1978).
[Crossref]

Smith, A. M.

J. A. Roux, B. E. Wood, A. M. Smith, AEDC-TR-79-57 (AD-A074913, Sept.1979).

Smythe, W. D.

H. H. Kieffer, W. D. Smythe, unpublished spectra, UCLA (1973).

Taylor, F. W.

F. W. Taylor, J. Atmos. Sci. 30, 677 (1973).
[Crossref]

Tolkachev, A. M.

V. G. Manzhelii, A. M. Tolkachev, Sov. Phys. Solid State 5, 2506 (1964).

Travis, L. D.

J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527 (1974).
[Crossref]

Walmsley, S. A.

A. Anderson, S. A. Walmsley, Mol. Phys. 9, 1 (1965).
[Crossref]

Williams, D.

Wood, B. E.

B. E. Wood, J. A. Roux, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 720 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. A. Roux, B. E. Wood, A. M. Smith, AEDC-TR-79-57 (AD-A074913, Sept.1979).

Acta Physicochim. URSS (2)

A. Prikhotko, Acta Physicochim. URSS 12, 559 (1940).

A. Prikhotko, Acta Physicochim. URSS 12, 565 (1940).

Icarus (1)

G. S. Orton, J. F. Appleby, J. V. Martonchik, Icarus 52, 94 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Atmos. Sci. (2)

J. B. Pollack, J. N. Cuzzi, J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 868 (1980).
[Crossref]

F. W. Taylor, J. Atmos. Sci. 30, 677 (1973).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

K. Dressler, O. Schnepp, J. Chem. Phys. 33, 270 (1960).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (5)

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

L. S. Slobodkin, I. F. Buyakov, R. D. Cess, J. Caldwell, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 20, 481 (1978).
[Crossref]

Mol. Phys. (1)

A. Anderson, S. A. Walmsley, Mol. Phys. 9, 1 (1965).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. Solid State (1)

V. G. Manzhelii, A. M. Tolkachev, Sov. Phys. Solid State 5, 2506 (1964).

Space Sci. Rev. (1)

J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527 (1974).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

A. R. Holmes, “Light Scattering from Ammonia and Water Crystals,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Arizona (1981).

H. H. Kieffer, W. D. Smythe, unpublished spectra, UCLA (1973).

F. A. Mauer, H. F. McCurdie, American Crystallographic Association Meeting, Milwaukee, Wisc., June 1958.

J. A. Roux, B. E. Wood, A. M. Smith, AEDC-TR-79-57 (AD-A074913, Sept.1979).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectrum of nr (bottom) and ni (top) from which it was derived using Kramers-Kronig dispersion analysis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Detail of nr spectrum showing comparison with measured values of the real refractive index (see text).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of the refractive indices of Taylor1 (dashed line), Wood and Roux4 (dotted line), and the present work (solid line).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of the absorption indices as in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectrum of single scattering albedo for ammonia ice spheres calculated from Mie theory.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectrum of effective extinction efficiency for ammonia ice spheres calculated from Mie theory.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spectrum of phase function asymmetry parameter for ammonia ice spheres calculated from Mie theory.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Brightness temperature spectrum of Jupiter from models of the atmosphere containing NH3 ice particle cloud with the particle scale height to gas scale height ratio and effective particle radii as shown. Note the disappearance of all resonant absorption features in the ice for large particles.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Brightness temperature spectra of Jupiter for NH3 ice particle cloud models characterized by various scale height and particle sizes as shown. Several earth-based measurements are also denoted by the continuous thin line and by the × and + symbols as described in Ref. 19.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Optical Constants for Solid Ammonia

Equations (3)

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α ( σ ) = 4 π n i ( σ ) ,
n r ( σ ) = 1 + 2 π P 0 n i ( σ ) σ d σ σ 2 - σ 2 .
Q ext * ( σ ) = 1 π r ¯ 2 0 n ( r ) Q ext ( σ , r ) π r 2 d r ,

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