Abstract

The first use of a monolithic array of individually addressable diode lasers as the source for high data rate multichannel optical recording is reported. The development of arrays of high-power constricted-double-heterostructure large-optical-cavity (CDH-LOC) diode lasers for this purpose is discussed. The laser outputs from contiguous elements of such an array were used in an optical recording system to simultaneously store three tracks of data on a trilayer optical disk.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. J. Stahl, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A1.
  2. Y. Tsunoda, S. Abe, M. Miyazaki, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A2.
  3. Y. Ichiyama, A. Imamura, T. Koi, I. Kishinoue, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A3.
  4. G. R. Knight, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A4.
  5. M. deHaan, D. Chen, in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A5.
  6. R. A. Bartolini, A. E. Bell, F. W. Spong, “Diode Laser Optical Recording Using Trilayer Structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 69 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. J. Ammon, C. W. Reno, “Optics for Multibeam Optical Disc Systems (OMODS),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 299, 25 (1981).
  8. D. Botez, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1980), paper MCZ.
  9. D. Botez, “CW High-Power Single-Mode Operation of Constricted Double-Heterojunction AlGaAs Lasers with a Large Optical Cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 190 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Botez, J. C. Connolly, D. B. Gilbert, M. G. Harvey, M. Ettenberg, “High-Power Individually Addressable Monolithic Array of Constricted Double-Heterojunction Large-Optical-Cavity Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41 (11), 1040 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. F. Lockwood, H. Kressel, H. S. Sommers, F. Z. Hawrylo, “An Efficient Large Optical Cavity Injection Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 499 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Botez, “Single-Mode cw Operation of ‘Double-Dovetail’ Constricted DN (AlGa)As Diode Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 872 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Ito, T. Kimura, “Stationary and Transient Thermal Properties of Semiconductor Laser Diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 787 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. B. Carlin, “Spot-Forming Efficiency of Optical Recording Systems using High Power Diode Lasers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 382, 211 (1983).
  15. J. I. Gittleman, Y. Arie, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper ThC-A4.

1983 (1)

D. B. Carlin, “Spot-Forming Efficiency of Optical Recording Systems using High Power Diode Lasers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 382, 211 (1983).

1982 (1)

D. Botez, J. C. Connolly, D. B. Gilbert, M. G. Harvey, M. Ettenberg, “High-Power Individually Addressable Monolithic Array of Constricted Double-Heterojunction Large-Optical-Cavity Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41 (11), 1040 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (3)

R. A. Bartolini, A. E. Bell, F. W. Spong, “Diode Laser Optical Recording Using Trilayer Structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 69 (1981).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Ammon, C. W. Reno, “Optics for Multibeam Optical Disc Systems (OMODS),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 299, 25 (1981).

M. Ito, T. Kimura, “Stationary and Transient Thermal Properties of Semiconductor Laser Diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 787 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

D. Botez, “CW High-Power Single-Mode Operation of Constricted Double-Heterojunction AlGaAs Lasers with a Large Optical Cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 190 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

D. Botez, “Single-Mode cw Operation of ‘Double-Dovetail’ Constricted DN (AlGa)As Diode Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 872 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

H. F. Lockwood, H. Kressel, H. S. Sommers, F. Z. Hawrylo, “An Efficient Large Optical Cavity Injection Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 499 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Abe, S.

Y. Tsunoda, S. Abe, M. Miyazaki, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A2.

Ammon, G. J.

G. J. Ammon, C. W. Reno, “Optics for Multibeam Optical Disc Systems (OMODS),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 299, 25 (1981).

Arie, Y.

J. I. Gittleman, Y. Arie, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper ThC-A4.

Bartolini, R. A.

R. A. Bartolini, A. E. Bell, F. W. Spong, “Diode Laser Optical Recording Using Trilayer Structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 69 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bell, A. E.

R. A. Bartolini, A. E. Bell, F. W. Spong, “Diode Laser Optical Recording Using Trilayer Structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 69 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Botez, D.

D. Botez, J. C. Connolly, D. B. Gilbert, M. G. Harvey, M. Ettenberg, “High-Power Individually Addressable Monolithic Array of Constricted Double-Heterojunction Large-Optical-Cavity Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41 (11), 1040 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, “CW High-Power Single-Mode Operation of Constricted Double-Heterojunction AlGaAs Lasers with a Large Optical Cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 190 (1980).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, “Single-Mode cw Operation of ‘Double-Dovetail’ Constricted DN (AlGa)As Diode Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 872 (1978).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1980), paper MCZ.

Carlin, D. B.

D. B. Carlin, “Spot-Forming Efficiency of Optical Recording Systems using High Power Diode Lasers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 382, 211 (1983).

Chen, D.

M. deHaan, D. Chen, in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A5.

Connolly, J. C.

D. Botez, J. C. Connolly, D. B. Gilbert, M. G. Harvey, M. Ettenberg, “High-Power Individually Addressable Monolithic Array of Constricted Double-Heterojunction Large-Optical-Cavity Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41 (11), 1040 (1982).
[CrossRef]

deHaan, M.

M. deHaan, D. Chen, in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A5.

Ettenberg, M.

D. Botez, J. C. Connolly, D. B. Gilbert, M. G. Harvey, M. Ettenberg, “High-Power Individually Addressable Monolithic Array of Constricted Double-Heterojunction Large-Optical-Cavity Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41 (11), 1040 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gilbert, D. B.

D. Botez, J. C. Connolly, D. B. Gilbert, M. G. Harvey, M. Ettenberg, “High-Power Individually Addressable Monolithic Array of Constricted Double-Heterojunction Large-Optical-Cavity Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41 (11), 1040 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gittleman, J. I.

J. I. Gittleman, Y. Arie, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper ThC-A4.

Harvey, M. G.

D. Botez, J. C. Connolly, D. B. Gilbert, M. G. Harvey, M. Ettenberg, “High-Power Individually Addressable Monolithic Array of Constricted Double-Heterojunction Large-Optical-Cavity Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41 (11), 1040 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hawrylo, F. Z.

H. F. Lockwood, H. Kressel, H. S. Sommers, F. Z. Hawrylo, “An Efficient Large Optical Cavity Injection Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 499 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ichiyama, Y.

Y. Ichiyama, A. Imamura, T. Koi, I. Kishinoue, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A3.

Imamura, A.

Y. Ichiyama, A. Imamura, T. Koi, I. Kishinoue, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A3.

Ito, M.

M. Ito, T. Kimura, “Stationary and Transient Thermal Properties of Semiconductor Laser Diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 787 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

M. Ito, T. Kimura, “Stationary and Transient Thermal Properties of Semiconductor Laser Diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 787 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kishinoue, I.

Y. Ichiyama, A. Imamura, T. Koi, I. Kishinoue, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A3.

Knight, G. R.

G. R. Knight, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A4.

Koi, T.

Y. Ichiyama, A. Imamura, T. Koi, I. Kishinoue, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A3.

Kressel, H.

H. F. Lockwood, H. Kressel, H. S. Sommers, F. Z. Hawrylo, “An Efficient Large Optical Cavity Injection Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 499 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Lockwood, H. F.

H. F. Lockwood, H. Kressel, H. S. Sommers, F. Z. Hawrylo, “An Efficient Large Optical Cavity Injection Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 499 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, M.

Y. Tsunoda, S. Abe, M. Miyazaki, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A2.

Reno, C. W.

G. J. Ammon, C. W. Reno, “Optics for Multibeam Optical Disc Systems (OMODS),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 299, 25 (1981).

Sommers, H. S.

H. F. Lockwood, H. Kressel, H. S. Sommers, F. Z. Hawrylo, “An Efficient Large Optical Cavity Injection Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 499 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Spong, F. W.

R. A. Bartolini, A. E. Bell, F. W. Spong, “Diode Laser Optical Recording Using Trilayer Structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 69 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Stahl, K. J.

K. J. Stahl, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A1.

Tsunoda, Y.

Y. Tsunoda, S. Abe, M. Miyazaki, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A2.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

D. Botez, “CW High-Power Single-Mode Operation of Constricted Double-Heterojunction AlGaAs Lasers with a Large Optical Cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 190 (1980).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, J. C. Connolly, D. B. Gilbert, M. G. Harvey, M. Ettenberg, “High-Power Individually Addressable Monolithic Array of Constricted Double-Heterojunction Large-Optical-Cavity Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41 (11), 1040 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Lockwood, H. Kressel, H. S. Sommers, F. Z. Hawrylo, “An Efficient Large Optical Cavity Injection Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 499 (1970).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, “Single-Mode cw Operation of ‘Double-Dovetail’ Constricted DN (AlGa)As Diode Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 872 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Ito, T. Kimura, “Stationary and Transient Thermal Properties of Semiconductor Laser Diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 787 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bartolini, A. E. Bell, F. W. Spong, “Diode Laser Optical Recording Using Trilayer Structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 69 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (2)

G. J. Ammon, C. W. Reno, “Optics for Multibeam Optical Disc Systems (OMODS),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 299, 25 (1981).

D. B. Carlin, “Spot-Forming Efficiency of Optical Recording Systems using High Power Diode Lasers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 382, 211 (1983).

Other (7)

J. I. Gittleman, Y. Arie, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper ThC-A4.

K. J. Stahl, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A1.

Y. Tsunoda, S. Abe, M. Miyazaki, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A2.

Y. Ichiyama, A. Imamura, T. Koi, I. Kishinoue, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A3.

G. R. Knight, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A4.

M. deHaan, D. Chen, in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), paper WC-A5.

D. Botez, in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1980), paper MCZ.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of a monolithic array of individually addressable CDH-LOC diode lasers mounted to a beryllia submount.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photograph of an array mounted on the submount showing the metallized electrode pattern.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power vs current characteristics of the three-diode lasers used for multichannel recording.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Lateral far-field intensity profiles of the diodes in the array, near their peak power (50% duty cycle) for single spatial mode operation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Multichannel recording optics for a linear array of sources.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic diagram of the multichannel recorder.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Photograph of the multichannel recorder.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Microphotograph of data stored on an Al:Teflon:Al trilayer optical disk. Upper band of tracks show three channels of FM encoded video with an 8-MHz carrier frequency. In the lower band, the upper and lower tracks are 10-and 12.5-MHz square waves, respectively, while the middle track is video data.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Enlarged view of three video tracks with track-to-track spacing of 1.75 μm.

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