Results are reported of experimental investigations on the diffraction efficiency and its polarization dependence of holographic phase polarization gratings in a photoanisotropic medium methyl orange/PVA with intrinsic birefringence. A comparative study of layers with different intrinsic birefringence was conducted. The conditions—initial birefringence and a type of polarization recording—were found to have high diffraction efficiency (>30%) and strong dependence on the direction of polarization of the linearly polarized readout beam. The results are in agreement with the theoretical considerations on such gratings.
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