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  1. R. W. Preisendorfer, “Application of Radiative Transfer Theory to Light Measurement in the Sea,” U.S.G.I. Monogr. 10, 11 (1961).
  2. G. N. Plass, G. W. Kattawar, “Monte Carlo Calculations of Radiative Transfer in the Earth’s Atmosphere—Ocean System,” J. Phys. Oceanogr. 2, 139 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, M. M. Jacobs, “Computed Relationships Between the Inherent and Apparent Optical Properties of a Flat Homogeneous Ocean,” Appl. Opt. 14, 417 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. T. O. Kirk, “A Monte Carlo Study of the Nature of the Underwater Light Field in, and the Relationships Between Optical Properties of, Turbid Yellow Waters,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 32, 517 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. T. O. Kirk, “Dependence of Relationship Between Inherent and Apparent Optical Properties of Water on Solar Altitude,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 29, 350 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. E. Bird, R. L. Hulstrom, A. W. Kliman, H. G. Eldering, “Solar Spectral Measurements in the Terrestrial Environment,” Appl. Opt. 21, 1430 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, “Optical Properties of the Clearest Natural Waters (200–800 nm),” Appl. Opt. 20, 177 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. F. Palmer, D. Williams, “Optical Properties of Water in the Near Infrared,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1107 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Bricaud, A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Absorption by Dissolved Organic Matter of the Sea (Yellow Substance) in the UV and Visible Domains,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 26, 43 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. T. O. Kirk, “Yellow Substance (Gelbstoff) and its Contribution to the Attenuation of Photosynthetically Active Radiation in Some Inland and Coastal Southeastern Australian Waters,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 27, 61 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. T. O. Kirk, “Spectral Absorption Properties of Natural Waters: Contribution of the Soluble and Particulate Fractions to Light Absorption in Some Inland Waters of Southeastern Australia,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 31, 287 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. M. Di Toro, “Optics of Turbid Estuarine Water: Approximations and Applications,” Water Res. 12, 1059 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. T. O. Kirk, “Estimation of the Scattering Coefficient of Natural Waters Using Underwater Irradiance Measurements,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 32, 533 (1981).
    [CrossRef]

1984 (1)

J. T. O. Kirk, “Dependence of Relationship Between Inherent and Apparent Optical Properties of Water on Solar Altitude,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 29, 350 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1981 (4)

J. T. O. Kirk, “A Monte Carlo Study of the Nature of the Underwater Light Field in, and the Relationships Between Optical Properties of, Turbid Yellow Waters,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 32, 517 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, “Optical Properties of the Clearest Natural Waters (200–800 nm),” Appl. Opt. 20, 177 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Absorption by Dissolved Organic Matter of the Sea (Yellow Substance) in the UV and Visible Domains,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 26, 43 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. T. O. Kirk, “Estimation of the Scattering Coefficient of Natural Waters Using Underwater Irradiance Measurements,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 32, 533 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

J. T. O. Kirk, “Spectral Absorption Properties of Natural Waters: Contribution of the Soluble and Particulate Fractions to Light Absorption in Some Inland Waters of Southeastern Australia,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 31, 287 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

D. M. Di Toro, “Optics of Turbid Estuarine Water: Approximations and Applications,” Water Res. 12, 1059 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

J. T. O. Kirk, “Yellow Substance (Gelbstoff) and its Contribution to the Attenuation of Photosynthetically Active Radiation in Some Inland and Coastal Southeastern Australian Waters,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 27, 61 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

1974 (1)

1972 (1)

G. N. Plass, G. W. Kattawar, “Monte Carlo Calculations of Radiative Transfer in the Earth’s Atmosphere—Ocean System,” J. Phys. Oceanogr. 2, 139 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1961 (1)

R. W. Preisendorfer, “Application of Radiative Transfer Theory to Light Measurement in the Sea,” U.S.G.I. Monogr. 10, 11 (1961).

Baker, K. S.

Bird, R. E.

Bricaud, A.

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Absorption by Dissolved Organic Matter of the Sea (Yellow Substance) in the UV and Visible Domains,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 26, 43 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Brown, O. B.

Di Toro, D. M.

D. M. Di Toro, “Optics of Turbid Estuarine Water: Approximations and Applications,” Water Res. 12, 1059 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Eldering, H. G.

Gordon, H. R.

Hulstrom, R. L.

Jacobs, M. M.

Kattawar, G. W.

G. N. Plass, G. W. Kattawar, “Monte Carlo Calculations of Radiative Transfer in the Earth’s Atmosphere—Ocean System,” J. Phys. Oceanogr. 2, 139 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kirk, J. T. O.

J. T. O. Kirk, “Dependence of Relationship Between Inherent and Apparent Optical Properties of Water on Solar Altitude,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 29, 350 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. T. O. Kirk, “Estimation of the Scattering Coefficient of Natural Waters Using Underwater Irradiance Measurements,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 32, 533 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. T. O. Kirk, “A Monte Carlo Study of the Nature of the Underwater Light Field in, and the Relationships Between Optical Properties of, Turbid Yellow Waters,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 32, 517 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. T. O. Kirk, “Spectral Absorption Properties of Natural Waters: Contribution of the Soluble and Particulate Fractions to Light Absorption in Some Inland Waters of Southeastern Australia,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 31, 287 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. T. O. Kirk, “Yellow Substance (Gelbstoff) and its Contribution to the Attenuation of Photosynthetically Active Radiation in Some Inland and Coastal Southeastern Australian Waters,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 27, 61 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kliman, A. W.

Morel, A.

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Absorption by Dissolved Organic Matter of the Sea (Yellow Substance) in the UV and Visible Domains,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 26, 43 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, K. F.

Plass, G. N.

G. N. Plass, G. W. Kattawar, “Monte Carlo Calculations of Radiative Transfer in the Earth’s Atmosphere—Ocean System,” J. Phys. Oceanogr. 2, 139 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Preisendorfer, R. W.

R. W. Preisendorfer, “Application of Radiative Transfer Theory to Light Measurement in the Sea,” U.S.G.I. Monogr. 10, 11 (1961).

Prieur, L.

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Absorption by Dissolved Organic Matter of the Sea (Yellow Substance) in the UV and Visible Domains,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 26, 43 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. C.

Williams, D.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. (4)

J. T. O. Kirk, “A Monte Carlo Study of the Nature of the Underwater Light Field in, and the Relationships Between Optical Properties of, Turbid Yellow Waters,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 32, 517 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. T. O. Kirk, “Yellow Substance (Gelbstoff) and its Contribution to the Attenuation of Photosynthetically Active Radiation in Some Inland and Coastal Southeastern Australian Waters,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 27, 61 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. T. O. Kirk, “Spectral Absorption Properties of Natural Waters: Contribution of the Soluble and Particulate Fractions to Light Absorption in Some Inland Waters of Southeastern Australia,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 31, 287 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. T. O. Kirk, “Estimation of the Scattering Coefficient of Natural Waters Using Underwater Irradiance Measurements,” Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 32, 533 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Oceanogr. (1)

G. N. Plass, G. W. Kattawar, “Monte Carlo Calculations of Radiative Transfer in the Earth’s Atmosphere—Ocean System,” J. Phys. Oceanogr. 2, 139 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Limnol. Oceanogr. (2)

J. T. O. Kirk, “Dependence of Relationship Between Inherent and Apparent Optical Properties of Water on Solar Altitude,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 29, 350 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Absorption by Dissolved Organic Matter of the Sea (Yellow Substance) in the UV and Visible Domains,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 26, 43 (1981).
[CrossRef]

U.S.G.I. Monogr. (1)

R. W. Preisendorfer, “Application of Radiative Transfer Theory to Light Measurement in the Sea,” U.S.G.I. Monogr. 10, 11 (1961).

Water Res. (1)

D. M. Di Toro, “Optics of Turbid Estuarine Water: Approximations and Applications,” Water Res. 12, 1059 (1978).
[CrossRef]

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Tables (1)

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Table I Comparison of Underwater Light Attenuation Calculated by the Simplified Procedure with that Determined by the Monte Carlo Method

Equations (2)

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K d ( av ) = 1 μ 0 [ a 2 + ( 0.425 μ 0 - 0.19 ) a b ] 1 / 2 ,
E d ( λ , z ) = E d ( λ , 0 ) exp ( - K d z ) ,

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