Abstract

The feasibility of an effective two-year-minimum operational Windsat lidar mission using a CO2 TEA laser and heterodyne detection on board a (free-flying) modified Advanced Tiros-N (ATN) meteorological satellite is described. The lidar instrument design employed results from the lightweighting of previous designs through the use of current technology and from some projected laser-engineering development. The Windsat system design and mission requirements are described, and the ATN reconfiguration and subsystem modifications are detailed. The weight (without propellant) and the operational power load of the integrated spacecraft are estimated at 1182 kg and 760–790 W, respectively.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. “Global Wind Measuring Satellite System—Windsat,” Final Report, NOAA contract #NA79RSC00127, Lockheed Missiles and Space Co., Report LMSC-D767868, prepared for National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Wave Propagation Laboratory, Apr.1981.
    [PubMed]
  2. “Accommodation Assessment: Spaceborne Doppler Lidar Wind Measuring System,” NASA Tech. Memo. 82435 (Aug.1981).
  3. R. M. Huffaker et al., “Feasibility Studies for a Global Wind Measuring Satellite System (Windsat): Analysis of Simulated Performance,” Appl. Opt. 23, in Technical Digest, (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. R. Byron, S. E. Moody, T. A. Znotins, “Definition Study of Windsat Laser Subsystem,” in Technical Digest, 2nd Topical Meeting on Coherent Laser Radar: Technology and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TuC4.
  5. T. McHugh, K. Hancock, “Windsat Free-Flyer Telescope Concept Using Ultralightweight Beryllium Technology,” in Technical Digest, 2nd Topical Meeting on Coherent Laser Radar: Technology and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TuC5.
  6. R. M. Huffaker, Ed., “Feasibility Study of Satellite-Borne Lidar Global Wind Measuring System,” NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-37 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., Aug.1978).
  7. R. M. Huffaker, T. R. Lawrence, R. J. Keeler, M. J. Post, J. T. Priestley, J. A. Korrell, “Feasibility Study of Satellite-Borne Lidar Global Wind Monitoring System Part II,” NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-63 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., Aug.1980).
  8. Final Report/Concept Design Study for an STS/Atlas Dual-Compatible Advanced TIROS-N Spacecraft, Phase II, Contract NAS5-22330, Contract Modification No. 87, RCA Astro-Electronics, Report AER-4351F, prepared for NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center (Feb.1981).
    [PubMed]
  9. NOAA-H, -I, and -J Satellite Program Technical Proposal, RCA Astro-Electronics, Proposal 102983-A, prepared for National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Goddard Space Flight Center, Request for Proposal 5-65316/42 (26Feb.1981).
    [PubMed]
  10. DMSP Block 5D-2/STS Transition Study, Final Report, contract F04701-78-C-0016, RCA Astro-Electronics, prepared for Space and Missile Systems Organization, U.S. Air Force (22Nov.1978).
  11. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program for Block 5D-3 Space Vehicle System, Technical Proposal, RCA Astro-Electronics, Proposal 102932-A, prepared for Space and Missile Systems Organization, U.S. Air Force, Request for Proposal F04701-81-R-0017 (5June1981).
  12. Feasibility Study of a Windsat Free-Flyer, Final Report, RCA Astro-Electronics with subcontractors Mathematical Sciences Northwest, Inc., and Perkin-Elmer Corp., prepared for National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Research Laboratories, contract NA82RAC00141 (21July1983).

1984 (1)

R. M. Huffaker et al., “Feasibility Studies for a Global Wind Measuring Satellite System (Windsat): Analysis of Simulated Performance,” Appl. Opt. 23, in Technical Digest, (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1981 (1)

“Accommodation Assessment: Spaceborne Doppler Lidar Wind Measuring System,” NASA Tech. Memo. 82435 (Aug.1981).

Byron, S. R.

S. R. Byron, S. E. Moody, T. A. Znotins, “Definition Study of Windsat Laser Subsystem,” in Technical Digest, 2nd Topical Meeting on Coherent Laser Radar: Technology and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TuC4.

Hancock, K.

T. McHugh, K. Hancock, “Windsat Free-Flyer Telescope Concept Using Ultralightweight Beryllium Technology,” in Technical Digest, 2nd Topical Meeting on Coherent Laser Radar: Technology and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TuC5.

Huffaker, R. M.

R. M. Huffaker et al., “Feasibility Studies for a Global Wind Measuring Satellite System (Windsat): Analysis of Simulated Performance,” Appl. Opt. 23, in Technical Digest, (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Huffaker, T. R. Lawrence, R. J. Keeler, M. J. Post, J. T. Priestley, J. A. Korrell, “Feasibility Study of Satellite-Borne Lidar Global Wind Monitoring System Part II,” NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-63 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., Aug.1980).

Keeler, R. J.

R. M. Huffaker, T. R. Lawrence, R. J. Keeler, M. J. Post, J. T. Priestley, J. A. Korrell, “Feasibility Study of Satellite-Borne Lidar Global Wind Monitoring System Part II,” NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-63 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., Aug.1980).

Korrell, J. A.

R. M. Huffaker, T. R. Lawrence, R. J. Keeler, M. J. Post, J. T. Priestley, J. A. Korrell, “Feasibility Study of Satellite-Borne Lidar Global Wind Monitoring System Part II,” NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-63 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., Aug.1980).

Lawrence, T. R.

R. M. Huffaker, T. R. Lawrence, R. J. Keeler, M. J. Post, J. T. Priestley, J. A. Korrell, “Feasibility Study of Satellite-Borne Lidar Global Wind Monitoring System Part II,” NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-63 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., Aug.1980).

McHugh, T.

T. McHugh, K. Hancock, “Windsat Free-Flyer Telescope Concept Using Ultralightweight Beryllium Technology,” in Technical Digest, 2nd Topical Meeting on Coherent Laser Radar: Technology and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TuC5.

Moody, S. E.

S. R. Byron, S. E. Moody, T. A. Znotins, “Definition Study of Windsat Laser Subsystem,” in Technical Digest, 2nd Topical Meeting on Coherent Laser Radar: Technology and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TuC4.

Post, M. J.

R. M. Huffaker, T. R. Lawrence, R. J. Keeler, M. J. Post, J. T. Priestley, J. A. Korrell, “Feasibility Study of Satellite-Borne Lidar Global Wind Monitoring System Part II,” NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-63 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., Aug.1980).

Priestley, J. T.

R. M. Huffaker, T. R. Lawrence, R. J. Keeler, M. J. Post, J. T. Priestley, J. A. Korrell, “Feasibility Study of Satellite-Borne Lidar Global Wind Monitoring System Part II,” NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-63 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., Aug.1980).

Znotins, T. A.

S. R. Byron, S. E. Moody, T. A. Znotins, “Definition Study of Windsat Laser Subsystem,” in Technical Digest, 2nd Topical Meeting on Coherent Laser Radar: Technology and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TuC4.

Appl. Opt. (1)

R. M. Huffaker et al., “Feasibility Studies for a Global Wind Measuring Satellite System (Windsat): Analysis of Simulated Performance,” Appl. Opt. 23, in Technical Digest, (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

NASA Tech. Memo. 82435 (1)

“Accommodation Assessment: Spaceborne Doppler Lidar Wind Measuring System,” NASA Tech. Memo. 82435 (Aug.1981).

Other (10)

“Global Wind Measuring Satellite System—Windsat,” Final Report, NOAA contract #NA79RSC00127, Lockheed Missiles and Space Co., Report LMSC-D767868, prepared for National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Wave Propagation Laboratory, Apr.1981.
[PubMed]

S. R. Byron, S. E. Moody, T. A. Znotins, “Definition Study of Windsat Laser Subsystem,” in Technical Digest, 2nd Topical Meeting on Coherent Laser Radar: Technology and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TuC4.

T. McHugh, K. Hancock, “Windsat Free-Flyer Telescope Concept Using Ultralightweight Beryllium Technology,” in Technical Digest, 2nd Topical Meeting on Coherent Laser Radar: Technology and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TuC5.

R. M. Huffaker, Ed., “Feasibility Study of Satellite-Borne Lidar Global Wind Measuring System,” NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-37 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., Aug.1978).

R. M. Huffaker, T. R. Lawrence, R. J. Keeler, M. J. Post, J. T. Priestley, J. A. Korrell, “Feasibility Study of Satellite-Borne Lidar Global Wind Monitoring System Part II,” NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-63 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., Aug.1980).

Final Report/Concept Design Study for an STS/Atlas Dual-Compatible Advanced TIROS-N Spacecraft, Phase II, Contract NAS5-22330, Contract Modification No. 87, RCA Astro-Electronics, Report AER-4351F, prepared for NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center (Feb.1981).
[PubMed]

NOAA-H, -I, and -J Satellite Program Technical Proposal, RCA Astro-Electronics, Proposal 102983-A, prepared for National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Goddard Space Flight Center, Request for Proposal 5-65316/42 (26Feb.1981).
[PubMed]

DMSP Block 5D-2/STS Transition Study, Final Report, contract F04701-78-C-0016, RCA Astro-Electronics, prepared for Space and Missile Systems Organization, U.S. Air Force (22Nov.1978).

Defense Meteorological Satellite Program for Block 5D-3 Space Vehicle System, Technical Proposal, RCA Astro-Electronics, Proposal 102932-A, prepared for Space and Missile Systems Organization, U.S. Air Force, Request for Proposal F04701-81-R-0017 (5June1981).

Feasibility Study of a Windsat Free-Flyer, Final Report, RCA Astro-Electronics with subcontractors Mathematical Sciences Northwest, Inc., and Perkin-Elmer Corp., prepared for National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Research Laboratories, contract NA82RAC00141 (21July1983).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Windsat Free-Flyer operational configuration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Windsat spacecraft configuration while stowed in the Space Shuttle vehicle. To the right-hand side, the solar array is shown deployed for clarity.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table I Windsat Free-Flyer Mission Requirements

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Table II Windsat System Weight

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Table III Windsat Orbit-Average Operational Power Requirements

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Table IV Estimated Lidar Data Rate

Metrics