Abstract

Wind fields measured with a pulsed infrared (CO2) Doppler lidar are compared with measurements by in situ anemometers, balloons, and radar. Radial winds were measured at slant ranges between 1.5 and 12 km during the various comparisons. The standard deviation of the differences between the lidar and the other measurement methods varied from 0.34 m sec−1 for sonic anemometer comparisons to 2.5 m sec−1 for balloon methods. Differences may be due to an inherent difficulty in comparing spatial and temporal averages of winds.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. M. Lhermitte, D. Atlas, “Precipitation Motion by Pulse Doppler Radar Techniques,” in Proceedings, Ninth Weather Radar Conference, American Meteorological Society, Boston (1961), pp. 218–223.
  2. T. R. Lawrence, D. J. Wilson, C. E. Craven, I. P. Jones, R. M. Huffaker, J. A. L. Thomson, “A Laser Velocimeter for Remote Wind Sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 43, 512 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. E. Cupp, D. A. Haugen, J. T. Newman, “A Comparison of Anemometer-and Lidar-Sensed Wind Velocity Data,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 17, 1179 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. A. DiMarzio, J. W. Bilbro, “An Airborne Doppler Lidar,” in “Heterodyne Systems and Technology,” NASA Conf. Publ. 2138 (1980), pp. 529–540.
  5. T. R. Lawrence, R. M. Hardesty, M. J. Post, R. A. Richter, R. M. Huffaker, F. F. Hall, “Performance Characteristics of the NOAA Pulsed Doppler Lidar and its Application to Atmospheric Measurements,” in Preprint Volume Fifth Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 1983), pp. 481–487.
  6. J. C. Kaimal, J. E. Gaynor, “The Boulder Atmospheric Observatory,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 22, 863 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. E. Hoehne, “Precision of National Weather Service Upper Air Measurements,” NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS T&ED-16, Test and Evaluation Division, Sterling, Va. (1980).
  8. D. L. Johnson, W. W. Vaughan, “Sequential High-Resolution Wind Profile Measurements,” NASA Tech. Paper 1354, Marshall Space Flight Center, Ala. (1978).

1983 (1)

J. C. Kaimal, J. E. Gaynor, “The Boulder Atmospheric Observatory,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 22, 863 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. E. Cupp, D. A. Haugen, J. T. Newman, “A Comparison of Anemometer-and Lidar-Sensed Wind Velocity Data,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 17, 1179 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

T. R. Lawrence, D. J. Wilson, C. E. Craven, I. P. Jones, R. M. Huffaker, J. A. L. Thomson, “A Laser Velocimeter for Remote Wind Sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 43, 512 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Atlas, D.

R. M. Lhermitte, D. Atlas, “Precipitation Motion by Pulse Doppler Radar Techniques,” in Proceedings, Ninth Weather Radar Conference, American Meteorological Society, Boston (1961), pp. 218–223.

Bilbro, J. W.

C. A. DiMarzio, J. W. Bilbro, “An Airborne Doppler Lidar,” in “Heterodyne Systems and Technology,” NASA Conf. Publ. 2138 (1980), pp. 529–540.

Craven, C. E.

T. R. Lawrence, D. J. Wilson, C. E. Craven, I. P. Jones, R. M. Huffaker, J. A. L. Thomson, “A Laser Velocimeter for Remote Wind Sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 43, 512 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Cupp, R. E.

M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. E. Cupp, D. A. Haugen, J. T. Newman, “A Comparison of Anemometer-and Lidar-Sensed Wind Velocity Data,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 17, 1179 (1978).
[CrossRef]

DiMarzio, C. A.

C. A. DiMarzio, J. W. Bilbro, “An Airborne Doppler Lidar,” in “Heterodyne Systems and Technology,” NASA Conf. Publ. 2138 (1980), pp. 529–540.

Gaynor, J. E.

J. C. Kaimal, J. E. Gaynor, “The Boulder Atmospheric Observatory,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 22, 863 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hall, F. F.

T. R. Lawrence, R. M. Hardesty, M. J. Post, R. A. Richter, R. M. Huffaker, F. F. Hall, “Performance Characteristics of the NOAA Pulsed Doppler Lidar and its Application to Atmospheric Measurements,” in Preprint Volume Fifth Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 1983), pp. 481–487.

Hardesty, R. M.

T. R. Lawrence, R. M. Hardesty, M. J. Post, R. A. Richter, R. M. Huffaker, F. F. Hall, “Performance Characteristics of the NOAA Pulsed Doppler Lidar and its Application to Atmospheric Measurements,” in Preprint Volume Fifth Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 1983), pp. 481–487.

Haugen, D. A.

M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. E. Cupp, D. A. Haugen, J. T. Newman, “A Comparison of Anemometer-and Lidar-Sensed Wind Velocity Data,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 17, 1179 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hoehne, W. E.

W. E. Hoehne, “Precision of National Weather Service Upper Air Measurements,” NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS T&ED-16, Test and Evaluation Division, Sterling, Va. (1980).

Huffaker, R. M.

T. R. Lawrence, D. J. Wilson, C. E. Craven, I. P. Jones, R. M. Huffaker, J. A. L. Thomson, “A Laser Velocimeter for Remote Wind Sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 43, 512 (1972).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Lawrence, R. M. Hardesty, M. J. Post, R. A. Richter, R. M. Huffaker, F. F. Hall, “Performance Characteristics of the NOAA Pulsed Doppler Lidar and its Application to Atmospheric Measurements,” in Preprint Volume Fifth Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 1983), pp. 481–487.

Johnson, D. L.

D. L. Johnson, W. W. Vaughan, “Sequential High-Resolution Wind Profile Measurements,” NASA Tech. Paper 1354, Marshall Space Flight Center, Ala. (1978).

Jones, I. P.

T. R. Lawrence, D. J. Wilson, C. E. Craven, I. P. Jones, R. M. Huffaker, J. A. L. Thomson, “A Laser Velocimeter for Remote Wind Sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 43, 512 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kaimal, J. C.

J. C. Kaimal, J. E. Gaynor, “The Boulder Atmospheric Observatory,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 22, 863 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lawrence, T. R.

T. R. Lawrence, D. J. Wilson, C. E. Craven, I. P. Jones, R. M. Huffaker, J. A. L. Thomson, “A Laser Velocimeter for Remote Wind Sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 43, 512 (1972).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Lawrence, R. M. Hardesty, M. J. Post, R. A. Richter, R. M. Huffaker, F. F. Hall, “Performance Characteristics of the NOAA Pulsed Doppler Lidar and its Application to Atmospheric Measurements,” in Preprint Volume Fifth Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 1983), pp. 481–487.

Lhermitte, R. M.

R. M. Lhermitte, D. Atlas, “Precipitation Motion by Pulse Doppler Radar Techniques,” in Proceedings, Ninth Weather Radar Conference, American Meteorological Society, Boston (1961), pp. 218–223.

Newman, J. T.

M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. E. Cupp, D. A. Haugen, J. T. Newman, “A Comparison of Anemometer-and Lidar-Sensed Wind Velocity Data,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 17, 1179 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Post, M. J.

M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. E. Cupp, D. A. Haugen, J. T. Newman, “A Comparison of Anemometer-and Lidar-Sensed Wind Velocity Data,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 17, 1179 (1978).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Lawrence, R. M. Hardesty, M. J. Post, R. A. Richter, R. M. Huffaker, F. F. Hall, “Performance Characteristics of the NOAA Pulsed Doppler Lidar and its Application to Atmospheric Measurements,” in Preprint Volume Fifth Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 1983), pp. 481–487.

Richter, R. A.

T. R. Lawrence, R. M. Hardesty, M. J. Post, R. A. Richter, R. M. Huffaker, F. F. Hall, “Performance Characteristics of the NOAA Pulsed Doppler Lidar and its Application to Atmospheric Measurements,” in Preprint Volume Fifth Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 1983), pp. 481–487.

Schwiesow, R. L.

M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. E. Cupp, D. A. Haugen, J. T. Newman, “A Comparison of Anemometer-and Lidar-Sensed Wind Velocity Data,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 17, 1179 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, J. A. L.

T. R. Lawrence, D. J. Wilson, C. E. Craven, I. P. Jones, R. M. Huffaker, J. A. L. Thomson, “A Laser Velocimeter for Remote Wind Sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 43, 512 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Vaughan, W. W.

D. L. Johnson, W. W. Vaughan, “Sequential High-Resolution Wind Profile Measurements,” NASA Tech. Paper 1354, Marshall Space Flight Center, Ala. (1978).

Wilson, D. J.

T. R. Lawrence, D. J. Wilson, C. E. Craven, I. P. Jones, R. M. Huffaker, J. A. L. Thomson, “A Laser Velocimeter for Remote Wind Sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 43, 512 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Meteorol. (2)

M. J. Post, R. L. Schwiesow, R. E. Cupp, D. A. Haugen, J. T. Newman, “A Comparison of Anemometer-and Lidar-Sensed Wind Velocity Data,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 17, 1179 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Kaimal, J. E. Gaynor, “The Boulder Atmospheric Observatory,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 22, 863 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

T. R. Lawrence, D. J. Wilson, C. E. Craven, I. P. Jones, R. M. Huffaker, J. A. L. Thomson, “A Laser Velocimeter for Remote Wind Sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 43, 512 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

R. M. Lhermitte, D. Atlas, “Precipitation Motion by Pulse Doppler Radar Techniques,” in Proceedings, Ninth Weather Radar Conference, American Meteorological Society, Boston (1961), pp. 218–223.

C. A. DiMarzio, J. W. Bilbro, “An Airborne Doppler Lidar,” in “Heterodyne Systems and Technology,” NASA Conf. Publ. 2138 (1980), pp. 529–540.

T. R. Lawrence, R. M. Hardesty, M. J. Post, R. A. Richter, R. M. Huffaker, F. F. Hall, “Performance Characteristics of the NOAA Pulsed Doppler Lidar and its Application to Atmospheric Measurements,” in Preprint Volume Fifth Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation (American Meteorological Society, Boston, Mass., 1983), pp. 481–487.

W. E. Hoehne, “Precision of National Weather Service Upper Air Measurements,” NOAA Tech. Memo. NWS T&ED-16, Test and Evaluation Division, Sterling, Va. (1980).

D. L. Johnson, W. W. Vaughan, “Sequential High-Resolution Wind Profile Measurements,” NASA Tech. Paper 1354, Marshall Space Flight Center, Ala. (1978).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Comparison of wind speeds measured with the Doppler lidar and anemometers (propeller vanes and sonics) at the 300-m level on the BAO tower.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of wind directions measured with the lidar and BAO anemometers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Example of a Doppler lidar and rawinsonde comparison of wind speeds vs altitude.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of winds measured with the Doppler lidar, a radar wind profiler, and a rawinsonde.

Metrics