Diffraction properties of dielectric surface-relief gratings were investigated by solving Maxwell’s equations numerically using the differential method. The diffraction efficiency of a grating with a groove depth about twice as deep as the grating period is comparable with the efficiency of a volume phase grating. Dielectric surface-relief gratings interferometrically recorded in photoresist can possess a high diffraction efficiency of up to 94% (throughput efficiency 85%). Calculated results were also found in good agreement with the experimental data.
© 1984 Optical Society of America
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