Abstract

A new very wide angle imaging spectrometer optical configuration which uses an all-reflecting Schmidt camera with a prism spectrometer to give a strip field of view is presented. Three complete systems (15°,8.5°,2.6° FOV), including fore optics and spectrometer optics, were designed. These slit fields of view are pushbroomed across object space to create a 2-D image. The performance of each near diffraction-limited system and optical prescriptions is detailed. An all-reflecting Schmidt camera fore-optics system with a 60° field of view is also given.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Vane, F. C. Billingsley, J. A. Dunne, “Observational Parameters for Remote Sensing in the Next Decade,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).
  2. J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. N. Kupferman, R. Salazar, “Imaging Spectrometer: An Advanced Multispectral Imaging Concept,” in Proceedings, 1982 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Munich, 1–41982.
  3. J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Kupferman, R. P. Salazar, J. B. Sigurdson, JPL, “Imaging Spectrometer Technologies for Advanced Earth Remote Sensing,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).
  4. W. B. Wetherell, M. P. Rimmer, Appl. Opt. 11, 2817 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. Buchroeder, in Schmidt Telescopes in Astronomy, Hamburg, Germany (A73-21354 08-14) (1972), pp. 127–134.
  6. F. G. O’Callaghan, K. G. Heinze, J. D. Wray, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 19, 141 (1970).
  7. I. R. Abel, M. R. Hatch, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 237, 271 (1980).
  8. F. G. O’Callaghan, K. G. Heinze, J. D. Wray, Appl. Opt. 16, 973 (1977).
  9. D. Korsch, Appl. Opt. 13, 2005 (1974).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. J. Schroeder, Appl. Opt. 17, 141 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. LemaitreJ. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 1334 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. G. Wynne, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 180, 485 (1977).
  13. F. B. Wright, in Amateur Telescope Making II, A. G. Ingalls, Ed. (Munn & Co., New York, 1937), p. 401.
  14. W. A. Hovis et al.Science 210, 60 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. NASA-JPL Document 715-143 with Appendices, 1 Oct. 1981, Imaging Spectrometer Progress Report FY1981; Imaging Spectrometer Progress Report FY 1982, JPL D-152.

1982 (2)

G. Vane, F. C. Billingsley, J. A. Dunne, “Observational Parameters for Remote Sensing in the Next Decade,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).

J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Kupferman, R. P. Salazar, J. B. Sigurdson, JPL, “Imaging Spectrometer Technologies for Advanced Earth Remote Sensing,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).

1980 (2)

I. R. Abel, M. R. Hatch, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 237, 271 (1980).

W. A. Hovis et al.Science 210, 60 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978 (1)

1977 (2)

F. G. O’Callaghan, K. G. Heinze, J. D. Wray, Appl. Opt. 16, 973 (1977).

C. G. Wynne, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 180, 485 (1977).

1976 (1)

1974 (1)

1972 (1)

1970 (1)

F. G. O’Callaghan, K. G. Heinze, J. D. Wray, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 19, 141 (1970).

Abel, I. R.

I. R. Abel, M. R. Hatch, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 237, 271 (1980).

Billingsley, F. C.

G. Vane, F. C. Billingsley, J. A. Dunne, “Observational Parameters for Remote Sensing in the Next Decade,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).

Breckinridge, J. B.

J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Kupferman, R. P. Salazar, J. B. Sigurdson, JPL, “Imaging Spectrometer Technologies for Advanced Earth Remote Sensing,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).

J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. N. Kupferman, R. Salazar, “Imaging Spectrometer: An Advanced Multispectral Imaging Concept,” in Proceedings, 1982 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Munich, 1–41982.

Buchroeder, R.

R. Buchroeder, in Schmidt Telescopes in Astronomy, Hamburg, Germany (A73-21354 08-14) (1972), pp. 127–134.

Dunne, J. A.

G. Vane, F. C. Billingsley, J. A. Dunne, “Observational Parameters for Remote Sensing in the Next Decade,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).

Hatch, M. R.

I. R. Abel, M. R. Hatch, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 237, 271 (1980).

Heinze, K. G.

F. G. O’Callaghan, K. G. Heinze, J. D. Wray, Appl. Opt. 16, 973 (1977).

F. G. O’Callaghan, K. G. Heinze, J. D. Wray, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 19, 141 (1970).

Hovis, W. A.

W. A. Hovis et al.Science 210, 60 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korsch, D.

Kupferman, P.

J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Kupferman, R. P. Salazar, J. B. Sigurdson, JPL, “Imaging Spectrometer Technologies for Advanced Earth Remote Sensing,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).

Kupferman, P. N.

J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. N. Kupferman, R. Salazar, “Imaging Spectrometer: An Advanced Multispectral Imaging Concept,” in Proceedings, 1982 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Munich, 1–41982.

Lemaitre, G.

O’Callaghan, F. G.

F. G. O’Callaghan, K. G. Heinze, J. D. Wray, Appl. Opt. 16, 973 (1977).

F. G. O’Callaghan, K. G. Heinze, J. D. Wray, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 19, 141 (1970).

Rimmer, M. P.

Salazar, R.

J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. N. Kupferman, R. Salazar, “Imaging Spectrometer: An Advanced Multispectral Imaging Concept,” in Proceedings, 1982 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Munich, 1–41982.

Salazar, R. P.

J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Kupferman, R. P. Salazar, J. B. Sigurdson, JPL, “Imaging Spectrometer Technologies for Advanced Earth Remote Sensing,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).

Schroeder, D. J.

Sigurdson, J. B.

J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Kupferman, R. P. Salazar, J. B. Sigurdson, JPL, “Imaging Spectrometer Technologies for Advanced Earth Remote Sensing,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).

Vane, G.

G. Vane, F. C. Billingsley, J. A. Dunne, “Observational Parameters for Remote Sensing in the Next Decade,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).

Wellman, J. B.

J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Kupferman, R. P. Salazar, J. B. Sigurdson, JPL, “Imaging Spectrometer Technologies for Advanced Earth Remote Sensing,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).

J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. N. Kupferman, R. Salazar, “Imaging Spectrometer: An Advanced Multispectral Imaging Concept,” in Proceedings, 1982 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Munich, 1–41982.

Wetherell, W. B.

Wray, J. D.

F. G. O’Callaghan, K. G. Heinze, J. D. Wray, Appl. Opt. 16, 973 (1977).

F. G. O’Callaghan, K. G. Heinze, J. D. Wray, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 19, 141 (1970).

Wright, F. B.

F. B. Wright, in Amateur Telescope Making II, A. G. Ingalls, Ed. (Munn & Co., New York, 1937), p. 401.

Wynne, C. G.

C. G. Wynne, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 180, 485 (1977).

Appl. Opt. (4)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

C. G. Wynne, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 180, 485 (1977).

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (4)

G. Vane, F. C. Billingsley, J. A. Dunne, “Observational Parameters for Remote Sensing in the Next Decade,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).

F. G. O’Callaghan, K. G. Heinze, J. D. Wray, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 19, 141 (1970).

I. R. Abel, M. R. Hatch, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 237, 271 (1980).

J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Kupferman, R. P. Salazar, J. B. Sigurdson, JPL, “Imaging Spectrometer Technologies for Advanced Earth Remote Sensing,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 345, 000 (1982).

Science (1)

W. A. Hovis et al.Science 210, 60 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

NASA-JPL Document 715-143 with Appendices, 1 Oct. 1981, Imaging Spectrometer Progress Report FY1981; Imaging Spectrometer Progress Report FY 1982, JPL D-152.

J. B. Wellman, J. B. Breckinridge, P. N. Kupferman, R. Salazar, “Imaging Spectrometer: An Advanced Multispectral Imaging Concept,” in Proceedings, 1982 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Munich, 1–41982.

R. Buchroeder, in Schmidt Telescopes in Astronomy, Hamburg, Germany (A73-21354 08-14) (1972), pp. 127–134.

F. B. Wright, in Amateur Telescope Making II, A. G. Ingalls, Ed. (Munn & Co., New York, 1937), p. 401.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Design approach for the Triple-Schmidt Littrow prism imaging spectrometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Free-flyer spot diagrams.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Map of the focal plane for the free-flyer reflecting Triple-Schmidt Littrow prism imaging spectrometer. The reflecting entrance slit and the spectrometer focal plane are shown. Note that vertical and horizontal scales are different.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SIS-B. Isometric views of the diffraction point spread function are shown at points on-axis and at full fields for three wavelengths: λ = 400, 1000, and 2500 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Scale drawing of the Shuttle Imaging Spectrometer A (SIS-A) showing the dual spectrometer system.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dispersion in units of nanometers per pixel as a function of wavelength in microns for a triple prism and single prism to show degree of dispersion linearity.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Focal plane map for both the visible and near IR and the short-wavelength infrared for the Shuttle Imaging Spectrometer A (SIS-A).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Isometric view of the point spread function calculated for ray and diffraction aberrations at three wavelengths for on-axis and full-field points for the Shuttle Imaging Spectrometer A (SIS-A).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Size in milliradians of the 90% encircled energy diameter of a point in object space for four reflecting Schmidt optical systems.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table I Performance Parameters for the Free-Flyer Triple-Schmidt (FF) Shuttle Imaging Spectrometer B (SIS-B) and Shuttle Imaging Spectrometer A (SIS-A)

Tables Icon

Table II Optical Prescription for the Free-Flyer (FF) Version of the Triple-Schmidt Imaging Spectrometer

Tables Icon

Table III Optical Prescription for the Shuttle Imaging Spectrometer-B (SIS-B)

Tables Icon

Table IV Optical Prescription for the Shuttle Imaging Spectrometer-A (SIS-A)

Tables Icon

Table V Optical Prescription for the Wide Angle Reflecting Schmidt Fore-Optic System

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