Abstract

A Michelson interferometer spectrometer cooled to 10° by liquid helium was flown into an IBC class III aurora on 1 April 1976 from Poker Flat, Alas. The sensor, HIRIS, covered the spectral range 455–2500 wave numbers (4–22 μm) with a spectral resolution of 1.8 cm−1 and an NESR of 5 × 10−12 W/cm2 scrm−1 at 1000 cm−1. An atmospheric emission spectrum was obtained every 0.7 sec over an altitude range of 70–125 km. Atmospheric spectra were obtained of CO2(ν3), NO(Δν = 1), O3(ν3) and CO2(ν2). Auroral produced excitations were observed for each band, this being the first known measurement of auroral enhancements of O3(ν3), 9.6 μm, and CO2(ν2). 15 μm, emissions.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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1982

W. P. Reidy, T. C. Degges, A. G. Hurd, A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, J. Geophys. Res. 87, 3591 (1982).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Green, G. E. Caledonia, R. E. Murphy, F. X. Robert, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 2441 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981

A. S. Zachor, E. R. Huppi, Appl. Opt. 20, 1000 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. J. Gibson, A. T. Stair, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 1313 (1981).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. P. Kennealy, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 5247 (1981).
[CrossRef]

A. Rahbee, J. J. Gibson, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 5143 (1981).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Baker, A. Steed, A. T. Stair, Appl. Opt. 20, 1734 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979

R. J. Huppi, A. T. Stair, Appl. Opt. 18, 3394 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. E. Caledonia, B. D. Green, R. E. Murphy, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 4369 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978

D. Offermann, K. U. Grossmann, Geophys. Res. Lett. 5, 387 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Kennealy, F. P. DelGreco, G. E. Caledonia, B. D. Green, J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1574 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977

J. B. Kumer, J. Geophys. Res. 82, 2195 (1977); J. Geophys. Res. 82, 2203 (1977).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Baker, D. J. Baker, J. C. Ulwick, A. T. Stair, J. Geophys. Res. 82, 3518 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, T. C. Degges, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 4, 366 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976

T. Ogawa, Planet. Space Sci. 24, 149 (1976).

1975

G. M. Schved, Sov. Astron. AJ. 18, 499 (1975).

C. L. Wyatt, Appl. Opt. 14, 3086 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1974

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, D. J. Baker, C. L. Wyatt, K. D. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 117 (1974).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Huppi, J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, Appl. Opt. 13, 1466 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Despain, IEEE Trans. Comput. C-23, 993 (1974); IEEE Trans. Comput. C-28, 333 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1973

C. W. Von Rosenberg, D. W. Trainor, J. Chem. Phys. 59, 2142 (1973); J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2442 (1974); J. Chem. Phys. 63, 5348 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1971

G. A. Vanasse, H. Sakai, Prog. Opt. 6, 261 (1971).

1969

1964

H. P. Gush, H. L. Buijs, Can. J. Phys. 42, 1037 (1964); R. MacDonald, F. E. Bunn, H. P. Gush, 46, 2575 (1968); F. E. Bunn, H. P. Gush, 48, 98 (1970); 50, 213 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Baker, D. J.

D. J. Baker, A. Steed, A. T. Stair, Appl. Opt. 20, 1734 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. B. Baker, D. J. Baker, J. C. Ulwick, A. T. Stair, J. Geophys. Res. 82, 3518 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, T. C. Degges, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 4, 366 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, D. J. Baker, C. L. Wyatt, K. D. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 117 (1974).
[CrossRef]

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, D. J. Baker, “Rocketborne Observations of Infrared Emissions in the Auroral Region,” in Atmospheres of the Earth and the Planets, B. M. McCormac, Ed., (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1975), pp. 335–346.
[CrossRef]

C. L. Wyatt, A. M. Despain, D. J. Baker, (AFCRL-68-0329Bedford, Mass., June1968); C. L. Wyatt, R. H. Haycock, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45, 434 (1974); and C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, D. G. Frodsham, Infrared Phys. 14, 165 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, LWIR 7–24-μm Measurements from the Launch of a Rocketborne Spectrometer into an Aurora (1973) (AFGL-TR-76-0274, Bedford, Mass.Nov.1976) and LWIR (7–24-μm Measurements from the Launch of a Rocketborne Spectrometer into a Quiet Atmosphere (1974), (AFGL-TR-77-0113, Bedford, Mass.May1977).

A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, D. J. Baker, C. L. Wyatt, Proceedings IEEE/NEREM 1973 Record Part 3 Infrared.

R. M. Nadile, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, D. G. Frodsham, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, W. F. Grieder, SPIRE—Spectral Infrared Rocket Experiment (Preliminary Results) (AFGL-TR-78-0107, Bedford, Mass., 1978).

A. T. Stair, R. M. Nadile, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, D. J. Baker, “Infrared Measurements of the Aurora, Airglow, and the Upper Atmosphere,” in Proceedings, AIAA Nineteenth Aerospace Sciences Meeting (AIAA-81-0421, location 1981). A complete manuscript describing the SPIRE measurements is in preparation, to be submitted to J. Geophys. Research.

Baker, K. B.

K. B. Baker, D. J. Baker, J. C. Ulwick, A. T. Stair, J. Geophys. Res. 82, 3518 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Baker, K. D.

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, D. J. Baker, C. L. Wyatt, K. D. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 117 (1974).
[CrossRef]

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, D. J. Baker, “Rocketborne Observations of Infrared Emissions in the Auroral Region,” in Atmospheres of the Earth and the Planets, B. M. McCormac, Ed., (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1975), pp. 335–346.
[CrossRef]

A. T. Stair, R. M. Nadile, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, D. J. Baker, “Infrared Measurements of the Aurora, Airglow, and the Upper Atmosphere,” in Proceedings, AIAA Nineteenth Aerospace Sciences Meeting (AIAA-81-0421, location 1981). A complete manuscript describing the SPIRE measurements is in preparation, to be submitted to J. Geophys. Research.

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, W. Frings, R. Hennig, “Rocketborne Measurements of Atmosphere IR Fluxes,” Abstracts XXIV COSPAR, Canada (1982), to be published in J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

Barthol, P.

K. U. Grossmann, P. Barthol, W. Frings, R. Hennig, D. Offermann, “A Spectrometric Measurement of Far Infrared Emissions from the Mesosphere and the Thermosphere,” Abstracts XXIV COSPAR, Canada (1982), to be published in J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

Bell, R. J.

R. J. Bell, Introduction to Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1972).

Buijs, H. L.

H. P. Gush, H. L. Buijs, Can. J. Phys. 42, 1037 (1964); R. MacDonald, F. E. Bunn, H. P. Gush, 46, 2575 (1968); F. E. Bunn, H. P. Gush, 48, 98 (1970); 50, 213 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Caledonia, G. E.

B. D. Green, G. E. Caledonia, R. E. Murphy, F. X. Robert, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 2441 (1982).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. J. Gibson, A. T. Stair, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 1313 (1981).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. P. Kennealy, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 5247 (1981).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Caledonia, B. D. Green, R. E. Murphy, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 4369 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Kennealy, F. P. DelGreco, G. E. Caledonia, B. D. Green, J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1574 (1978).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. J. Gibson, A. T. Stair, manuscript in preparation.

Cole, A. E.

A. E. Cole, A. J. Kantor, Air Force Reference Atmospheres (AFGL-TR-78-0051, Bedford, Mass.1978).

Condron, T. P.

T. P. Condron, Calibration of a Liquid-Helium-Cooled CVF Radiometer in a Warm Environment, AFCRL Instrumentation Papers, No. 199 (AFCRL-TR-73-0480, Bedford, Mass.1973).

Degges, T. C.

W. P. Reidy, T. C. Degges, A. G. Hurd, A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, J. Geophys. Res. 87, 3591 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, T. C. Degges, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 4, 366 (1977).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Degges, A High Altitude Radiance Model (AFCRL-TR-72-0273, Visidyne, Inc., Burlington, Mass., 1972); (AFCRL-TR-74-0606, Visidyne, Inc., Burlington, Mass.1974).

T. C. Degges, H. J. P. Smith, A High Altitude Infrared Radiance Model (AFGL-TR-77-0271, Bedford, Mass.1977).

DelGreco, F. P.

J. P. Kennealy, F. P. DelGreco, G. E. Caledonia, B. D. Green, J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1574 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Despain, A. M.

A. M. Despain, IEEE Trans. Comput. C-23, 993 (1974); IEEE Trans. Comput. C-28, 333 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Wyatt, A. M. Despain, D. J. Baker, (AFCRL-68-0329Bedford, Mass., June1968); C. L. Wyatt, R. H. Haycock, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45, 434 (1974); and C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, D. G. Frodsham, Infrared Phys. 14, 165 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Frings, W.

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, W. Frings, R. Hennig, “Rocketborne Measurements of Atmosphere IR Fluxes,” Abstracts XXIV COSPAR, Canada (1982), to be published in J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

K. U. Grossmann, P. Barthol, W. Frings, R. Hennig, D. Offermann, “A Spectrometric Measurement of Far Infrared Emissions from the Mesosphere and the Thermosphere,” Abstracts XXIV COSPAR, Canada (1982), to be published in J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

Frodsham, D. G.

R. M. Nadile, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, D. G. Frodsham, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, W. F. Grieder, SPIRE—Spectral Infrared Rocket Experiment (Preliminary Results) (AFGL-TR-78-0107, Bedford, Mass., 1978).

Gibson, J. J.

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. J. Gibson, A. T. Stair, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 1313 (1981).
[CrossRef]

A. Rahbee, J. J. Gibson, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 5143 (1981).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. J. Gibson, A. T. Stair, manuscript in preparation.

Grechko, G. M.

M. N. Markov, G. M. Grechko, A-A. Gubarev, Yu S. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, Infrared Radiation of Nitrogen Oxide in Upper Atmosphere, According to Measurements from Salyut-4 (Preprint No. 8) (USSR Academy of Science, Moscow, USSR, 1976), pp. 1–18.

Green, B. D.

B. D. Green, G. E. Caledonia, R. E. Murphy, F. X. Robert, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 2441 (1982).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Caledonia, B. D. Green, R. E. Murphy, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 4369 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Kennealy, F. P. DelGreco, G. E. Caledonia, B. D. Green, J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1574 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Grieder, W. F.

R. M. Nadile, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, D. G. Frodsham, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, W. F. Grieder, SPIRE—Spectral Infrared Rocket Experiment (Preliminary Results) (AFGL-TR-78-0107, Bedford, Mass., 1978).

Grossmann, K. U.

D. Offermann, K. U. Grossmann, Geophys. Res. Lett. 5, 387 (1978).
[CrossRef]

K. U. Grossmann, P. Barthol, W. Frings, R. Hennig, D. Offermann, “A Spectrometric Measurement of Far Infrared Emissions from the Mesosphere and the Thermosphere,” Abstracts XXIV COSPAR, Canada (1982), to be published in J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

Gubarev, A-A.

M. N. Markov, G. M. Grechko, A-A. Gubarev, Yu S. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, Infrared Radiation of Nitrogen Oxide in Upper Atmosphere, According to Measurements from Salyut-4 (Preprint No. 8) (USSR Academy of Science, Moscow, USSR, 1976), pp. 1–18.

Gush, H. P.

H. P. Gush, H. L. Buijs, Can. J. Phys. 42, 1037 (1964); R. MacDonald, F. E. Bunn, H. P. Gush, 46, 2575 (1968); F. E. Bunn, H. P. Gush, 48, 98 (1970); 50, 213 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Hennig, R.

K. U. Grossmann, P. Barthol, W. Frings, R. Hennig, D. Offermann, “A Spectrometric Measurement of Far Infrared Emissions from the Mesosphere and the Thermosphere,” Abstracts XXIV COSPAR, Canada (1982), to be published in J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, W. Frings, R. Hennig, “Rocketborne Measurements of Atmosphere IR Fluxes,” Abstracts XXIV COSPAR, Canada (1982), to be published in J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

Huppi, E. R.

A. S. Zachor, E. R. Huppi, Appl. Opt. 20, 1000 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. R. Huppi, “Cryogenic Instrumentation,” in Spectrometric Techniques, G. A. Vanasse, Ed., (Academic, New York, 1977), pp. 172–177.

Huppi, F. E.

Huppi, R. J.

Hurd, A. G.

W. P. Reidy, T. C. Degges, A. G. Hurd, A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, J. Geophys. Res. 87, 3591 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, Yu S.

M. N. Markov, G. M. Grechko, A-A. Gubarev, Yu S. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, Infrared Radiation of Nitrogen Oxide in Upper Atmosphere, According to Measurements from Salyut-4 (Preprint No. 8) (USSR Academy of Science, Moscow, USSR, 1976), pp. 1–18.

Jacchia, L. G.

L. G. Jacchia, “Thermospheric Temperature, Density, and Composition: New Models,” Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Special Report 375, 15Mar.1977.

Kantor, A. J.

A. E. Cole, A. J. Kantor, Air Force Reference Atmospheres (AFGL-TR-78-0051, Bedford, Mass.1978).

Kennealy, J. P.

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. P. Kennealy, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 5247 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Kennealy, F. P. DelGreco, G. E. Caledonia, B. D. Green, J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1574 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kofsky, I. L.

I. L. Kofsky, D. P. Villanucci, R. B. Sluder, Evaluation of Infrared Simulation Data (PhotoMetrics, Inc., Lexington, Mass., Nov.1980); I. L. Kofsky, D. P. Villanucci, Further Assessment of Infrared Data from Aircraft and Rocket Probes (PhotoMetrics, Inc., Lexington, Mass., Nov.1979); I. L. Kofsky, D. P. Villanucci, W. S. Andrus, Assessment of Rocketborne and Airborne Infrared Data (Photometrics, Inc., Lexington, Mass., Nov.1978).

Kumer, J. B.

J. B. Kumer, J. Geophys. Res. 82, 2195 (1977); J. Geophys. Res. 82, 2203 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Markov, M. N.

M. N. Markov, Appl. Opt. 8, 887 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. N. Markov, G. M. Grechko, A-A. Gubarev, Yu S. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, Infrared Radiation of Nitrogen Oxide in Upper Atmosphere, According to Measurements from Salyut-4 (Preprint No. 8) (USSR Academy of Science, Moscow, USSR, 1976), pp. 1–18.

McClatchey, R. A.

R. A. McClatchey et al.. AFCRL Atmospheric Absorption Line Parameters Compilation (AFCRL-TR-73-0096, Bedford, Mass., 1973).

Mertz, L. N.

L. N. Mertz, Transformations in Optics (Wiley, New York, 1965).

Murcray, D. G.

D. G. Murcray, “Atmospheric Emission at High Altitudes,” AFCRL 72-0353 (U. Denver, 1972); J. N. Brooks, A. Goldman, J. J. Kosters, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, in “Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres,” B. M. McCormac, Ed. (Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland, 1973), pp. 278–285; D. G. Murcray, D. B. Baker, J. N. Brooks, A. Goldman, W. J. Williams, Geophys. Res. Lett. 2, 223 (1975); D. G. Murcray, W. J. Williams, J. J. Kosters, “Atmospheric Emission Spectra obtained from the Equator to the South Pole,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 245, 43 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, R. E.

B. D. Green, G. E. Caledonia, R. E. Murphy, F. X. Robert, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 2441 (1982).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Caledonia, B. D. Green, R. E. Murphy, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 4369 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Nadile, R. M.

R. M. Nadile, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, D. G. Frodsham, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, W. F. Grieder, SPIRE—Spectral Infrared Rocket Experiment (Preliminary Results) (AFGL-TR-78-0107, Bedford, Mass., 1978).

A. T. Stair, R. M. Nadile, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, D. J. Baker, “Infrared Measurements of the Aurora, Airglow, and the Upper Atmosphere,” in Proceedings, AIAA Nineteenth Aerospace Sciences Meeting (AIAA-81-0421, location 1981). A complete manuscript describing the SPIRE measurements is in preparation, to be submitted to J. Geophys. Research.

Offermann, D.

D. Offermann, K. U. Grossmann, Geophys. Res. Lett. 5, 387 (1978).
[CrossRef]

K. U. Grossmann, P. Barthol, W. Frings, R. Hennig, D. Offermann, “A Spectrometric Measurement of Far Infrared Emissions from the Mesosphere and the Thermosphere,” Abstracts XXIV COSPAR, Canada (1982), to be published in J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

Ogawa, T.

T. Ogawa, Planet. Space Sci. 24, 149 (1976).

Petrov, V. S.

M. N. Markov, G. M. Grechko, A-A. Gubarev, Yu S. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, Infrared Radiation of Nitrogen Oxide in Upper Atmosphere, According to Measurements from Salyut-4 (Preprint No. 8) (USSR Academy of Science, Moscow, USSR, 1976), pp. 1–18.

Rahbee, A.

A. Rahbee, J. J. Gibson, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 5143 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Rawlins, W. T.

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. P. Kennealy, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 5247 (1981).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. J. Gibson, A. T. Stair, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 1313 (1981).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. J. Gibson, A. T. Stair, manuscript in preparation.

Reidy, W. P.

W. P. Reidy, T. C. Degges, A. G. Hurd, A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, J. Geophys. Res. 87, 3591 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Robert, F. X.

B. D. Green, G. E. Caledonia, R. E. Murphy, F. X. Robert, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 2441 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, J. W.

J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, T. C. Degges, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 4, 366 (1977).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Huppi, J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, Appl. Opt. 13, 1466 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, LWIR 7–24-μm Measurements from the Launch of a Rocketborne Spectrometer into an Aurora (1973) (AFGL-TR-76-0274, Bedford, Mass.Nov.1976) and LWIR (7–24-μm Measurements from the Launch of a Rocketborne Spectrometer into a Quiet Atmosphere (1974), (AFGL-TR-77-0113, Bedford, Mass.May1977).

Sakai, H.

G. A. Vanasse, H. Sakai, Prog. Opt. 6, 261 (1971).

H. Sakai, “High Resolving Power Fourier Spectroscopy,” in Spectrometric Techniques, G. A. Vanasse, Ed. (Academic, New York, 1977), p. 2.

Schved, G. M.

G. M. Schved, Sov. Astron. AJ. 18, 499 (1975).

Sluder, R. B.

I. L. Kofsky, D. P. Villanucci, R. B. Sluder, Evaluation of Infrared Simulation Data (PhotoMetrics, Inc., Lexington, Mass., Nov.1980); I. L. Kofsky, D. P. Villanucci, Further Assessment of Infrared Data from Aircraft and Rocket Probes (PhotoMetrics, Inc., Lexington, Mass., Nov.1979); I. L. Kofsky, D. P. Villanucci, W. S. Andrus, Assessment of Rocketborne and Airborne Infrared Data (Photometrics, Inc., Lexington, Mass., Nov.1978).

Smith, H. J. P.

T. C. Degges, H. J. P. Smith, A High Altitude Infrared Radiance Model (AFGL-TR-77-0271, Bedford, Mass.1977).

Stair, A. T.

W. P. Reidy, T. C. Degges, A. G. Hurd, A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, J. Geophys. Res. 87, 3591 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Baker, A. Steed, A. T. Stair, Appl. Opt. 20, 1734 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. J. Gibson, A. T. Stair, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 1313 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Huppi, A. T. Stair, Appl. Opt. 18, 3394 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. B. Baker, D. J. Baker, J. C. Ulwick, A. T. Stair, J. Geophys. Res. 82, 3518 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, T. C. Degges, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 4, 366 (1977).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Huppi, J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, Appl. Opt. 13, 1466 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, D. J. Baker, C. L. Wyatt, K. D. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 117 (1974).
[CrossRef]

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, D. J. Baker, “Rocketborne Observations of Infrared Emissions in the Auroral Region,” in Atmospheres of the Earth and the Planets, B. M. McCormac, Ed., (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1975), pp. 335–346.
[CrossRef]

A. T. Stair, in Proceedings, Aspen International Conference on Fourier Spectroscopy, G. A. Vanasse, A. T. Stair, D. J. Baker, Eds., (AFCRL-71-0019, 114, Bedford, Mass., 5Jan1971) p. 127.

A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, D. J. Baker, C. L. Wyatt, Proceedings IEEE/NEREM 1973 Record Part 3 Infrared.

J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, LWIR 7–24-μm Measurements from the Launch of a Rocketborne Spectrometer into an Aurora (1973) (AFGL-TR-76-0274, Bedford, Mass.Nov.1976) and LWIR (7–24-μm Measurements from the Launch of a Rocketborne Spectrometer into a Quiet Atmosphere (1974), (AFGL-TR-77-0113, Bedford, Mass.May1977).

R. M. Nadile, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, D. G. Frodsham, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, W. F. Grieder, SPIRE—Spectral Infrared Rocket Experiment (Preliminary Results) (AFGL-TR-78-0107, Bedford, Mass., 1978).

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, W. Frings, R. Hennig, “Rocketborne Measurements of Atmosphere IR Fluxes,” Abstracts XXIV COSPAR, Canada (1982), to be published in J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. J. Gibson, A. T. Stair, manuscript in preparation.

A. T. Stair, R. M. Nadile, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, D. J. Baker, “Infrared Measurements of the Aurora, Airglow, and the Upper Atmosphere,” in Proceedings, AIAA Nineteenth Aerospace Sciences Meeting (AIAA-81-0421, location 1981). A complete manuscript describing the SPIRE measurements is in preparation, to be submitted to J. Geophys. Research.

Steed, A.

Trainor, D. W.

C. W. Von Rosenberg, D. W. Trainor, J. Chem. Phys. 59, 2142 (1973); J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2442 (1974); J. Chem. Phys. 63, 5348 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Ulwick, J. C.

W. P. Reidy, T. C. Degges, A. G. Hurd, A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, J. Geophys. Res. 87, 3591 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Baker, D. J. Baker, J. C. Ulwick, A. T. Stair, J. Geophys. Res. 82, 3518 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, D. J. Baker, C. L. Wyatt, K. D. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 117 (1974).
[CrossRef]

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, D. J. Baker, “Rocketborne Observations of Infrared Emissions in the Auroral Region,” in Atmospheres of the Earth and the Planets, B. M. McCormac, Ed., (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1975), pp. 335–346.
[CrossRef]

A. T. Stair, R. M. Nadile, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, D. J. Baker, “Infrared Measurements of the Aurora, Airglow, and the Upper Atmosphere,” in Proceedings, AIAA Nineteenth Aerospace Sciences Meeting (AIAA-81-0421, location 1981). A complete manuscript describing the SPIRE measurements is in preparation, to be submitted to J. Geophys. Research.

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, W. Frings, R. Hennig, “Rocketborne Measurements of Atmosphere IR Fluxes,” Abstracts XXIV COSPAR, Canada (1982), to be published in J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

Vanasse, G. A.

G. A. Vanasse, H. Sakai, Prog. Opt. 6, 261 (1971).

Villanucci, D. P.

I. L. Kofsky, D. P. Villanucci, R. B. Sluder, Evaluation of Infrared Simulation Data (PhotoMetrics, Inc., Lexington, Mass., Nov.1980); I. L. Kofsky, D. P. Villanucci, Further Assessment of Infrared Data from Aircraft and Rocket Probes (PhotoMetrics, Inc., Lexington, Mass., Nov.1979); I. L. Kofsky, D. P. Villanucci, W. S. Andrus, Assessment of Rocketborne and Airborne Infrared Data (Photometrics, Inc., Lexington, Mass., Nov.1978).

Von Rosenberg, C. W.

C. W. Von Rosenberg, D. W. Trainor, J. Chem. Phys. 59, 2142 (1973); J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2442 (1974); J. Chem. Phys. 63, 5348 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Wheeler, N. B.

R. M. Nadile, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, D. G. Frodsham, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, W. F. Grieder, SPIRE—Spectral Infrared Rocket Experiment (Preliminary Results) (AFGL-TR-78-0107, Bedford, Mass., 1978).

A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, D. J. Baker, C. L. Wyatt, Proceedings IEEE/NEREM 1973 Record Part 3 Infrared.

J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, LWIR 7–24-μm Measurements from the Launch of a Rocketborne Spectrometer into an Aurora (1973) (AFGL-TR-76-0274, Bedford, Mass.Nov.1976) and LWIR (7–24-μm Measurements from the Launch of a Rocketborne Spectrometer into a Quiet Atmosphere (1974), (AFGL-TR-77-0113, Bedford, Mass.May1977).

Wyatt, C. L.

J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, T. C. Degges, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 4, 366 (1977).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Wyatt, Appl. Opt. 14, 3086 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, D. J. Baker, C. L. Wyatt, K. D. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 117 (1974).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Wyatt, A. M. Despain, D. J. Baker, (AFCRL-68-0329Bedford, Mass., June1968); C. L. Wyatt, R. H. Haycock, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45, 434 (1974); and C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, D. G. Frodsham, Infrared Phys. 14, 165 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, LWIR 7–24-μm Measurements from the Launch of a Rocketborne Spectrometer into an Aurora (1973) (AFGL-TR-76-0274, Bedford, Mass.Nov.1976) and LWIR (7–24-μm Measurements from the Launch of a Rocketborne Spectrometer into a Quiet Atmosphere (1974), (AFGL-TR-77-0113, Bedford, Mass.May1977).

A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, D. J. Baker, C. L. Wyatt, Proceedings IEEE/NEREM 1973 Record Part 3 Infrared.

R. M. Nadile, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, D. G. Frodsham, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, W. F. Grieder, SPIRE—Spectral Infrared Rocket Experiment (Preliminary Results) (AFGL-TR-78-0107, Bedford, Mass., 1978).

Zachor, A. S.

Appl. Opt.

Can. J. Phys.

H. P. Gush, H. L. Buijs, Can. J. Phys. 42, 1037 (1964); R. MacDonald, F. E. Bunn, H. P. Gush, 46, 2575 (1968); F. E. Bunn, H. P. Gush, 48, 98 (1970); 50, 213 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett.

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, D. J. Baker, C. L. Wyatt, K. D. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 1, 117 (1974).
[CrossRef]

D. Offermann, K. U. Grossmann, Geophys. Res. Lett. 5, 387 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, T. C. Degges, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, Geophys. Res. Lett. 4, 366 (1977).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Comput.

A. M. Despain, IEEE Trans. Comput. C-23, 993 (1974); IEEE Trans. Comput. C-28, 333 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

B. D. Green, G. E. Caledonia, R. E. Murphy, F. X. Robert, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 2441 (1982).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Caledonia, B. D. Green, R. E. Murphy, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 4369 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Kennealy, F. P. DelGreco, G. E. Caledonia, B. D. Green, J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1574 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Rahbee, J. J. Gibson, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 5143 (1981).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Von Rosenberg, D. W. Trainor, J. Chem. Phys. 59, 2142 (1973); J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2442 (1974); J. Chem. Phys. 63, 5348 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

W. P. Reidy, T. C. Degges, A. G. Hurd, A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, J. Geophys. Res. 87, 3591 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Kumer, J. Geophys. Res. 82, 2195 (1977); J. Geophys. Res. 82, 2203 (1977).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Baker, D. J. Baker, J. C. Ulwick, A. T. Stair, J. Geophys. Res. 82, 3518 (1977).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. P. Kennealy, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 5247 (1981).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. J. Gibson, A. T. Stair, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 1313 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Planet. Space Sci.

T. Ogawa, Planet. Space Sci. 24, 149 (1976).

Prog. Opt.

G. A. Vanasse, H. Sakai, Prog. Opt. 6, 261 (1971).

Sov. Astron. AJ.

G. M. Schved, Sov. Astron. AJ. 18, 499 (1975).

Other

K. U. Grossmann, P. Barthol, W. Frings, R. Hennig, D. Offermann, “A Spectrometric Measurement of Far Infrared Emissions from the Mesosphere and the Thermosphere,” Abstracts XXIV COSPAR, Canada (1982), to be published in J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, W. Frings, R. Hennig, “Rocketborne Measurements of Atmosphere IR Fluxes,” Abstracts XXIV COSPAR, Canada (1982), to be published in J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

I. L. Kofsky, D. P. Villanucci, R. B. Sluder, Evaluation of Infrared Simulation Data (PhotoMetrics, Inc., Lexington, Mass., Nov.1980); I. L. Kofsky, D. P. Villanucci, Further Assessment of Infrared Data from Aircraft and Rocket Probes (PhotoMetrics, Inc., Lexington, Mass., Nov.1979); I. L. Kofsky, D. P. Villanucci, W. S. Andrus, Assessment of Rocketborne and Airborne Infrared Data (Photometrics, Inc., Lexington, Mass., Nov.1978).

H. Sakai, “High Resolving Power Fourier Spectroscopy,” in Spectrometric Techniques, G. A. Vanasse, Ed. (Academic, New York, 1977), p. 2.

T. C. Degges, A High Altitude Radiance Model (AFCRL-TR-72-0273, Visidyne, Inc., Burlington, Mass., 1972); (AFCRL-TR-74-0606, Visidyne, Inc., Burlington, Mass.1974).

T. C. Degges, H. J. P. Smith, A High Altitude Infrared Radiance Model (AFGL-TR-77-0271, Bedford, Mass.1977).

R. J. Bell, Introduction to Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1972).

L. N. Mertz, Transformations in Optics (Wiley, New York, 1965).

L. G. Jacchia, “Thermospheric Temperature, Density, and Composition: New Models,” Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Special Report 375, 15Mar.1977.

A. E. Cole, A. J. Kantor, Air Force Reference Atmospheres (AFGL-TR-78-0051, Bedford, Mass.1978).

A. T. Stair, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, D. J. Baker, “Rocketborne Observations of Infrared Emissions in the Auroral Region,” in Atmospheres of the Earth and the Planets, B. M. McCormac, Ed., (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1975), pp. 335–346.
[CrossRef]

J. W. Rogers, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, LWIR 7–24-μm Measurements from the Launch of a Rocketborne Spectrometer into an Aurora (1973) (AFGL-TR-76-0274, Bedford, Mass.Nov.1976) and LWIR (7–24-μm Measurements from the Launch of a Rocketborne Spectrometer into a Quiet Atmosphere (1974), (AFGL-TR-77-0113, Bedford, Mass.May1977).

T. P. Condron, Calibration of a Liquid-Helium-Cooled CVF Radiometer in a Warm Environment, AFCRL Instrumentation Papers, No. 199 (AFCRL-TR-73-0480, Bedford, Mass.1973).

A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, D. J. Baker, C. L. Wyatt, Proceedings IEEE/NEREM 1973 Record Part 3 Infrared.

C. L. Wyatt, A. M. Despain, D. J. Baker, (AFCRL-68-0329Bedford, Mass., June1968); C. L. Wyatt, R. H. Haycock, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 45, 434 (1974); and C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, D. G. Frodsham, Infrared Phys. 14, 165 (1974).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Huppi, “Cryogenic Instrumentation,” in Spectrometric Techniques, G. A. Vanasse, Ed., (Academic, New York, 1977), pp. 172–177.

A. T. Stair, in Proceedings, Aspen International Conference on Fourier Spectroscopy, G. A. Vanasse, A. T. Stair, D. J. Baker, Eds., (AFCRL-71-0019, 114, Bedford, Mass., 5Jan1971) p. 127.

D. G. Murcray, “Atmospheric Emission at High Altitudes,” AFCRL 72-0353 (U. Denver, 1972); J. N. Brooks, A. Goldman, J. J. Kosters, D. G. Murcray, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, in “Physics and Chemistry of Upper Atmospheres,” B. M. McCormac, Ed. (Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland, 1973), pp. 278–285; D. G. Murcray, D. B. Baker, J. N. Brooks, A. Goldman, W. J. Williams, Geophys. Res. Lett. 2, 223 (1975); D. G. Murcray, W. J. Williams, J. J. Kosters, “Atmospheric Emission Spectra obtained from the Equator to the South Pole,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 245, 43 (1980).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Markov, G. M. Grechko, A-A. Gubarev, Yu S. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, Infrared Radiation of Nitrogen Oxide in Upper Atmosphere, According to Measurements from Salyut-4 (Preprint No. 8) (USSR Academy of Science, Moscow, USSR, 1976), pp. 1–18.

W. T. Rawlins, G. E. Caledonia, J. J. Gibson, A. T. Stair, manuscript in preparation.

R. A. McClatchey et al.. AFCRL Atmospheric Absorption Line Parameters Compilation (AFCRL-TR-73-0096, Bedford, Mass., 1973).

R. M. Nadile, A. T. Stair, N. B. Wheeler, D. G. Frodsham, C. L. Wyatt, D. J. Baker, W. F. Grieder, SPIRE—Spectral Infrared Rocket Experiment (Preliminary Results) (AFGL-TR-78-0107, Bedford, Mass., 1978).

A. T. Stair, R. M. Nadile, J. C. Ulwick, K. D. Baker, D. J. Baker, “Infrared Measurements of the Aurora, Airglow, and the Upper Atmosphere,” in Proceedings, AIAA Nineteenth Aerospace Sciences Meeting (AIAA-81-0421, location 1981). A complete manuscript describing the SPIRE measurements is in preparation, to be submitted to J. Geophys. Research.

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Figures (22)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic top view of the HIRIS interferometer and its functional elements.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission reflection product of the beam splitter as a function of wave number.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Thermal expansion of KCl and A-2 steel at cryogenic temperatures.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

HIRIS spectral responsivity.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

HIRIS relative response vs. vertical field angle (θy).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Focal plane temperature during flight.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Ground-based photometer views of auroral conditions during flight, from the top down: (a) lift-off; (b) beginning of data acquisition, payload at 72 km; (c) apogee, payload at 126 km; (d) downleg, payload at 104 km.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Profile of HIRIS flight, illustrating the tumbling of the payload. Upward-looking portions of the flight are represented by the solid portions of the curve, with the arrows indicating the approximate viewing direction. The instrument was viewing hard earth during the dashed portions of the curve.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

All-sky photographs for selected limb scans obtained from Poker Flat (PKR) and Fort Yukon (FYU). The payload position (Δ) and sensor line of sight (scan center) are projected onto the film plane, with appropriate altitudes indicated along the line of sight.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Meridian plane projection of HIRIS field of view (shaded area) on the model fluorescing regions for scan 137. The fluorescing regions depicted here represent diffuse auroras near the payload (Regions 1S,2S) and bright arcs in the far field (3S,4S). The projections were made as a function of instrument elevation during a scan; earth curvature was taken into account in the actual calculation of column emission rates within the instrument field of view.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Projected auroral column intensity within the instrument field of view during selected limb scans.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Model atmospheric temperature profile during flight, derived by using the launch time and location for solar, seasonal, and geographic inputs.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Complete spectrum for scan 137 (payload at 98 km). Note the change in vertical scale (W/cm2 sr cm−1) at 800 cm−1.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Spectrum of NO fundamental band, scan 137 (payload at 98 km).

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Spectrum of CO2(ν3) band, scan 35 (payload at 107 km).

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Spectrum of O3(ν3) band, scan 23 (payload at 97 km).

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Spectrum of CO2(ν2) band, scan 23 (97 km).

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

Comparison of 16-cm−1 transform spectra for O3(ν3), scans 112 (117 km, auroral) and 23 (97 km, quiescent). Peak spectral radiances τn W cm−2 sr−1μm−1 are indicated for each scan.

Fig. 19
Fig. 19

Comparison of 16-cm−1 transform spectra for CO2(ν2), scans 112 (117 km, auroral) and 23 (97 km, quiescent). Peak spectral radiances τn W cm−2 sr−1μm−1 are indicated for each scan.

Fig. 20
Fig. 20

HIRIS CO2(ν3) emission intensities. Previous auroral and quiescent zenith data (Refs. 1 and 19) are shown for comparison.

Fig. 21
Fig. 21

HIRIS [O3(ν3)] emission intensities. Previous zenith data (Ref. 2) are shown for comparison.

Fig. 22
Fig. 22

HIRIS CO2(ν2) emission intensities. Previous zenith data (Ref. 2) are shown for comparison.

Tables (2)

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Table I HIRIS System Characteristics

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Table II Line-of-Sight Orientations and Projected 391.4-nm Intensities a for HIRIS Limb Scans

Equations (3)

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N ( D ) + O 2 NO + O ,
N 2 + CO 2 N 2 + CO 2 .
O + O 2 + M O 3 + M

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