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  1. O. E. De Lange, Proc. IEEE 58, 1683 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1251 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. G. Giallorenzi, J. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Yamamoto, T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 919 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Kimura, Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Quantum Electron. 15, 1 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. C. Teich, in Semiconductors and Semimetals, R. K. Willardson, A. C. Beer, Eds. (Academic, New York, 1970), Vol. 5, p. 361.
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, E. Carome, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1302 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Katzir, S. Simhony, R. Arieli, J. Salzman, A. Schoenberg, E. Kapon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 320, (1982).
  9. A. Katzir, R. Arieli, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47, 149 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Yariv, Introduction to Optical Electronics (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, 1976).
  11. R. M. Gagliardi, S. Karp, Optical Communications (Wiley, New York, 1976).
  12. G. B. Hocker, W. K. Burns, Appl. Opt. 16, 113 (1977) and references quoted therein.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. M. Abbas, M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Buhl, Appl. Opt. 15, 427 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. Arieli, S. Simhony, A. Schoenberg, J. Salzman, E. Kapon, A. Katzir, NATO Asi. Cargese (1982).

1983

T. Kimura, Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Quantum Electron. 15, 1 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982

R. Arieli, S. Simhony, A. Schoenberg, J. Salzman, E. Kapon, A. Katzir, NATO Asi. Cargese (1982).

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Katzir, S. Simhony, R. Arieli, J. Salzman, A. Schoenberg, E. Kapon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 320, (1982).

A. Katzir, R. Arieli, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47, 149 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 919 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980

Y. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1251 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1977

G. B. Hocker, W. K. Burns, Appl. Opt. 16, 113 (1977) and references quoted therein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, E. Carome, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1302 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976

1970

O. E. De Lange, Proc. IEEE 58, 1683 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Abbas, M. M.

Arieli, R.

R. Arieli, S. Simhony, A. Schoenberg, J. Salzman, E. Kapon, A. Katzir, NATO Asi. Cargese (1982).

A. Katzir, S. Simhony, R. Arieli, J. Salzman, A. Schoenberg, E. Kapon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 320, (1982).

A. Katzir, R. Arieli, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47, 149 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bucaro, J.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bucaro, J. A.

J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, E. Carome, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1302 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, D.

Burns, W. K.

Carome, E.

J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, E. Carome, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1302 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Cole, J. H.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Dandridge, A.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Dardy, H. D.

J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, E. Carome, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1302 (1977).
[CrossRef]

De Lange, O. E.

O. E. De Lange, Proc. IEEE 58, 1683 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Gagliardi, R. M.

R. M. Gagliardi, S. Karp, Optical Communications (Wiley, New York, 1976).

Giallorenzi, T. G.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hocker, G. B.

Kapon, E.

A. Katzir, S. Simhony, R. Arieli, J. Salzman, A. Schoenberg, E. Kapon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 320, (1982).

R. Arieli, S. Simhony, A. Schoenberg, J. Salzman, E. Kapon, A. Katzir, NATO Asi. Cargese (1982).

Karp, S.

R. M. Gagliardi, S. Karp, Optical Communications (Wiley, New York, 1976).

Katzir, A.

A. Katzir, R. Arieli, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47, 149 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Katzir, S. Simhony, R. Arieli, J. Salzman, A. Schoenberg, E. Kapon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 320, (1982).

R. Arieli, S. Simhony, A. Schoenberg, J. Salzman, E. Kapon, A. Katzir, NATO Asi. Cargese (1982).

Kimura, T.

T. Kimura, Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Quantum Electron. 15, 1 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 919 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kostiuk, T.

Mumma, M. J.

Priest, R. G.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rashleigh, S. C.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Salzman, J.

A. Katzir, S. Simhony, R. Arieli, J. Salzman, A. Schoenberg, E. Kapon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 320, (1982).

R. Arieli, S. Simhony, A. Schoenberg, J. Salzman, E. Kapon, A. Katzir, NATO Asi. Cargese (1982).

Schoenberg, A.

R. Arieli, S. Simhony, A. Schoenberg, J. Salzman, E. Kapon, A. Katzir, NATO Asi. Cargese (1982).

A. Katzir, S. Simhony, R. Arieli, J. Salzman, A. Schoenberg, E. Kapon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 320, (1982).

Sigel, G. H.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Simhony, S.

A. Katzir, S. Simhony, R. Arieli, J. Salzman, A. Schoenberg, E. Kapon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 320, (1982).

R. Arieli, S. Simhony, A. Schoenberg, J. Salzman, E. Kapon, A. Katzir, NATO Asi. Cargese (1982).

Teich, M. C.

M. C. Teich, in Semiconductors and Semimetals, R. K. Willardson, A. C. Beer, Eds. (Academic, New York, 1970), Vol. 5, p. 361.
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

T. Kimura, Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Quantum Electron. 15, 1 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 919 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1251 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Introduction to Optical Electronics (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, 1976).

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Y. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1251 (1980).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yamamoto, T. Kimura, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 919 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, E. Carome, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1302 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

A. Katzir, R. Arieli, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47, 149 (1982).
[CrossRef]

NATO Asi. Cargese

R. Arieli, S. Simhony, A. Schoenberg, J. Salzman, E. Kapon, A. Katzir, NATO Asi. Cargese (1982).

Opt. Quantum Electron.

T. Kimura, Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Quantum Electron. 15, 1 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE

O. E. De Lange, Proc. IEEE 58, 1683 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

A. Katzir, S. Simhony, R. Arieli, J. Salzman, A. Schoenberg, E. Kapon, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 320, (1982).

Other

A. Yariv, Introduction to Optical Electronics (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York, 1976).

R. M. Gagliardi, S. Karp, Optical Communications (Wiley, New York, 1976).

M. C. Teich, in Semiconductors and Semimetals, R. K. Willardson, A. C. Beer, Eds. (Academic, New York, 1970), Vol. 5, p. 361.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic drawing of the multimode waveguide Y-coupler. θ is the angle between the input sections, d is the width scale, and the asymmetry parameter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Coupling efficiency η3 vs the asymmetry parameter for different values of z1 and for z2 = 1 cm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Coupling efficiency η3 vs beat frequency ωIF for z1 = 1 cm and different values of z2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Coupling efficiency η3 vs relative occupation of input modes.

Equations (14)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E S ( x y ) = j a j s j I ( x y ) ; E L ( x y ) = j a j L j II ( x y ) ,
SNR = η P S ω S B ,
η = η 1 η 2 η 3 η 4 η 5 ,
detector area j III k III * d A = δ j k ( Kronecker ) .
η 3 = | i c i S * ( z 2 ) c i L ( z 2 ) | 2 j | c j S ( z 2 ) | 2 k | c k L ( z 2 ) | 2 ,
c j S ( z ) = c j S ( o ) exp [ i β j III ( ω S ) z ] , c j L ( z ) = c j L ( o ) exp [ i β j III ( ω L ) z ] .
c j S ( o ) = i a i S ( o ) b i j S , c j L ( o ) = k a k L ( o ) b k j L ,
b i j S = i I j III * d x , b i j L = i II j III * d x .
η 3 = | i , k a i S * ( z 1 ) K i k ( z 2 ) a k L ( z 1 ) exp { i [ β i I ( ω s ) β k II ( ω L ) ] z 1 } | 2 i | a i S ( z 1 ) | 2 k | a k L ( z 1 ) | 2 ,
K i k ( z 2 ) = j b i j S * b k j L exp { i [ β j III ( ω s ) β j III ( ω L ) ] z 2 } .
η 3 = | i , k a i S * ( o ) K i k ( o ) a k L ( o ) | 2 i | a i S ( o ) | 2 k | a k L ( o ) | 2 .
K i k ( o ) = j i I , j III j III , k II ,
lim j K i k ( z 2 = 0 ) = δ i k
| a i S | 2 = | a i L | 2 = { 1 / N 0 i < N , 0 elsewhere .

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