A method is described for estimating the spectra of pure components from the spectra of unknown mixtures with various relative concentrations. This method is based on principal component analysis and a constrained nonlinear optimization technique and is applicable to qualitative analysis of mixtures of more than three components. The method gives two curves as the estimate of a component spectrum: one consists of the set of the maxima and the other consists of the set of the minima for all sampling points subject to a priori information. Experimental results of the estimation of the infrared absorption spectra of xylene–isomer mixtures are shown; the noise problem with this method is also discussed.
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