Abstract

The use of hole gratings in small-spot laser damage testing is discussed. If the intensity loss due to the transmission of the grating and due to the production of several spots can be tolerated, a hole grating is shown to increase the ease of establishing a damage threshold by the production of spots with a wide range of intensities whose ratios are well understood. It allows the investigation of defect-related damage since several regions are illuminated with equal intensities, and it permits the investigation of the effects of several closely spaced simultaneous illuminations. Several types of arrays of circles and ellipses are investigated, and the effects of hole size, hole spacing, hole shape, and elliptical hole orientation are discussed. The effects of apertures of the grating are also discussed. Two methods of suppression of diffraction spots lying outside the Airy disk are described and illustrated which utilize distributions of either circular hole sizes or of elliptical hole orientations. Two arrays are used in damage tests of metal surfaces to illustrate their use.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. A. Wiggins, T. W. Walker, A. H. Guenther, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. 620 (1980), p. 277.
  2. J. E. Harvey, M. L. Scott, Opt. Eng. 20, 881 (1981);M. J. Scott, private communication.
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. S. Scholl, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 293, 74 (1971).
  4. L. C. Marquet, Appl. Opt. 10, 960 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. A. Wiggins, T. T. Saito, J. A. Hosken, Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. (1982), to be published.
  6. See, for example, S. G. Lipson, H. Lipson, Optical Physics (Cambridge U.P., London, 1969), Chap. 7,M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Macmillan, New York, 1964), Chap. 8.
  7. J. D. Gaskill, Linear Systems, Fourier Transforms and Optics (Wiley, New York, 1978).
  8. S. A. Self, Appl. Opt. 22, 658 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. R. Palmer, “Continuous Wave (cw) Laser Damage in Optics,” Opt. Eng.22 (1983); to be published.
  10. P. Jacquinot, B. Roizen-Dossier, Prog. Opt. 3, 31 (1964).
  11. B. D. Steinberg, Principles of Aperture and Array System Design (Wiley, New York, 1976).
  12. I. N. Sneddon, Special Functions of Mathematical Physics and Chemistry (Longmans, New York, 1980).
  13. Buckbee-Mears Co., 245 E. 6th Street, St. Paul, Minn. 55101
  14. A. D. Siegman, An Introduction to Lasers and Masers (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1981), Chap. 8.
  15. C. E. K. Mees, T. H. James, The Theory of the Photographic Process (Macmillan, New York, 1966),J. E. Mack, M. J. Martin, The Photographic Process (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1939).
  16. I. M. Winer, Appl. Opt. 5, 1437 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983

1981

J. E. Harvey, M. L. Scott, Opt. Eng. 20, 881 (1981);M. J. Scott, private communication.
[CrossRef]

1980

T. A. Wiggins, T. W. Walker, A. H. Guenther, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. 620 (1980), p. 277.

1971

M. S. Scholl, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 293, 74 (1971).

L. C. Marquet, Appl. Opt. 10, 960 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1966

1964

P. Jacquinot, B. Roizen-Dossier, Prog. Opt. 3, 31 (1964).

Gaskill, J. D.

J. D. Gaskill, Linear Systems, Fourier Transforms and Optics (Wiley, New York, 1978).

Guenther, A. H.

T. A. Wiggins, T. W. Walker, A. H. Guenther, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. 620 (1980), p. 277.

Harvey, J. E.

J. E. Harvey, M. L. Scott, Opt. Eng. 20, 881 (1981);M. J. Scott, private communication.
[CrossRef]

Hosken, J. A.

T. A. Wiggins, T. T. Saito, J. A. Hosken, Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. (1982), to be published.

Jacquinot, P.

P. Jacquinot, B. Roizen-Dossier, Prog. Opt. 3, 31 (1964).

James, T. H.

C. E. K. Mees, T. H. James, The Theory of the Photographic Process (Macmillan, New York, 1966),J. E. Mack, M. J. Martin, The Photographic Process (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1939).

Lipson, H.

See, for example, S. G. Lipson, H. Lipson, Optical Physics (Cambridge U.P., London, 1969), Chap. 7,M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Macmillan, New York, 1964), Chap. 8.

Lipson, S. G.

See, for example, S. G. Lipson, H. Lipson, Optical Physics (Cambridge U.P., London, 1969), Chap. 7,M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Macmillan, New York, 1964), Chap. 8.

Marquet, L. C.

Mees, C. E. K.

C. E. K. Mees, T. H. James, The Theory of the Photographic Process (Macmillan, New York, 1966),J. E. Mack, M. J. Martin, The Photographic Process (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1939).

Palmer, J. R.

J. R. Palmer, “Continuous Wave (cw) Laser Damage in Optics,” Opt. Eng.22 (1983); to be published.

Roizen-Dossier, B.

P. Jacquinot, B. Roizen-Dossier, Prog. Opt. 3, 31 (1964).

Saito, T. T.

T. A. Wiggins, T. T. Saito, J. A. Hosken, Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. (1982), to be published.

Scholl, M. S.

M. S. Scholl, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 293, 74 (1971).

Scott, M. L.

J. E. Harvey, M. L. Scott, Opt. Eng. 20, 881 (1981);M. J. Scott, private communication.
[CrossRef]

Self, S. A.

Siegman, A. D.

A. D. Siegman, An Introduction to Lasers and Masers (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1981), Chap. 8.

Sneddon, I. N.

I. N. Sneddon, Special Functions of Mathematical Physics and Chemistry (Longmans, New York, 1980).

Steinberg, B. D.

B. D. Steinberg, Principles of Aperture and Array System Design (Wiley, New York, 1976).

Walker, T. W.

T. A. Wiggins, T. W. Walker, A. H. Guenther, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. 620 (1980), p. 277.

Wiggins, T. A.

T. A. Wiggins, T. W. Walker, A. H. Guenther, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. 620 (1980), p. 277.

T. A. Wiggins, T. T. Saito, J. A. Hosken, Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. (1982), to be published.

Winer, I. M.

Appl. Opt.

Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ.

T. A. Wiggins, T. W. Walker, A. H. Guenther, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. 620 (1980), p. 277.

Opt. Eng.

J. E. Harvey, M. L. Scott, Opt. Eng. 20, 881 (1981);M. J. Scott, private communication.
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

M. S. Scholl, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 293, 74 (1971).

Prog. Opt.

P. Jacquinot, B. Roizen-Dossier, Prog. Opt. 3, 31 (1964).

Other

B. D. Steinberg, Principles of Aperture and Array System Design (Wiley, New York, 1976).

I. N. Sneddon, Special Functions of Mathematical Physics and Chemistry (Longmans, New York, 1980).

Buckbee-Mears Co., 245 E. 6th Street, St. Paul, Minn. 55101

A. D. Siegman, An Introduction to Lasers and Masers (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1981), Chap. 8.

C. E. K. Mees, T. H. James, The Theory of the Photographic Process (Macmillan, New York, 1966),J. E. Mack, M. J. Martin, The Photographic Process (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1939).

T. A. Wiggins, T. T. Saito, J. A. Hosken, Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. (1982), to be published.

See, for example, S. G. Lipson, H. Lipson, Optical Physics (Cambridge U.P., London, 1969), Chap. 7,M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Macmillan, New York, 1964), Chap. 8.

J. D. Gaskill, Linear Systems, Fourier Transforms and Optics (Wiley, New York, 1978).

J. R. Palmer, “Continuous Wave (cw) Laser Damage in Optics,” Opt. Eng.22 (1983); to be published.

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