Abstract

An airborne two-channel KrF laser fluorosensor was tested from a Convair 580-T over targets at the Nevada Test Site and at the Naval Petroleum Reserve and Santa Barbara Channel in California. The two spectral-channel system (295 and 395 nm) successfully detected a variety of pollutant-type materials on the ground, both at night and in full daylight.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. Franks, G. Capelle, “Laboratory Evaluation of an N2 Laser Fluorosensor,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2369 (Dec.1977).
  2. G. Capelle, L. Franks, “Laboratory Evaluation of a KrF Laser Fluorosensor,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2380 (Sept.1978).
  3. G. A. Capelle, L. A. Franks, Appl. Opt. 18, 3579 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. A. Capelle, L. A. Franks, D. A. Jessup, “Flight Test of an Airborne N2 Laser Fluorosensor,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2411 (Nov.1980).
  5. G. A. Capelle, L. A. Franks, H. M. Borella, “Results of Aerial and Laboratory Testing of Two UV Laser Fluorosensor Systems,” Fifteenth International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, (May1981).
  6. L. A. Franks, G. A. Capelle, “Spectral Characterization of Selected Coal Processing By-Products,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2376 (May1976).
  7. International Light model IL-500A manufactured by International Light, Newburyport, Mass. 01950.
  8. C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities (Athlone, London, 1955).
  9. R. M. Measures, in Analytical Laser Spectroscopy, P. S. Elving, J. D. Winefordner, Eds. (Wiley, New York, 1979), Chap. 6.
  10. Shea L. Valley, Ed., Handbook of Geophysics and Space Environments (Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Bedford, Mass., 1965).
  11. Santa Barbara County Air Pollution Control District, Santa Barbara, Calif.

1979

Allen, C. W.

C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities (Athlone, London, 1955).

Borella, H. M.

G. A. Capelle, L. A. Franks, H. M. Borella, “Results of Aerial and Laboratory Testing of Two UV Laser Fluorosensor Systems,” Fifteenth International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, (May1981).

Capelle, G.

L. Franks, G. Capelle, “Laboratory Evaluation of an N2 Laser Fluorosensor,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2369 (Dec.1977).

G. Capelle, L. Franks, “Laboratory Evaluation of a KrF Laser Fluorosensor,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2380 (Sept.1978).

Capelle, G. A.

G. A. Capelle, L. A. Franks, Appl. Opt. 18, 3579 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Capelle, L. A. Franks, D. A. Jessup, “Flight Test of an Airborne N2 Laser Fluorosensor,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2411 (Nov.1980).

G. A. Capelle, L. A. Franks, H. M. Borella, “Results of Aerial and Laboratory Testing of Two UV Laser Fluorosensor Systems,” Fifteenth International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, (May1981).

L. A. Franks, G. A. Capelle, “Spectral Characterization of Selected Coal Processing By-Products,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2376 (May1976).

Franks, L.

L. Franks, G. Capelle, “Laboratory Evaluation of an N2 Laser Fluorosensor,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2369 (Dec.1977).

G. Capelle, L. Franks, “Laboratory Evaluation of a KrF Laser Fluorosensor,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2380 (Sept.1978).

Franks, L. A.

G. A. Capelle, L. A. Franks, Appl. Opt. 18, 3579 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Capelle, L. A. Franks, H. M. Borella, “Results of Aerial and Laboratory Testing of Two UV Laser Fluorosensor Systems,” Fifteenth International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, (May1981).

G. A. Capelle, L. A. Franks, D. A. Jessup, “Flight Test of an Airborne N2 Laser Fluorosensor,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2411 (Nov.1980).

L. A. Franks, G. A. Capelle, “Spectral Characterization of Selected Coal Processing By-Products,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2376 (May1976).

Jessup, D. A.

G. A. Capelle, L. A. Franks, D. A. Jessup, “Flight Test of an Airborne N2 Laser Fluorosensor,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2411 (Nov.1980).

Measures, R. M.

R. M. Measures, in Analytical Laser Spectroscopy, P. S. Elving, J. D. Winefordner, Eds. (Wiley, New York, 1979), Chap. 6.

Appl. Opt.

Other

G. A. Capelle, L. A. Franks, D. A. Jessup, “Flight Test of an Airborne N2 Laser Fluorosensor,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2411 (Nov.1980).

G. A. Capelle, L. A. Franks, H. M. Borella, “Results of Aerial and Laboratory Testing of Two UV Laser Fluorosensor Systems,” Fifteenth International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, (May1981).

L. A. Franks, G. A. Capelle, “Spectral Characterization of Selected Coal Processing By-Products,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2376 (May1976).

International Light model IL-500A manufactured by International Light, Newburyport, Mass. 01950.

C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities (Athlone, London, 1955).

R. M. Measures, in Analytical Laser Spectroscopy, P. S. Elving, J. D. Winefordner, Eds. (Wiley, New York, 1979), Chap. 6.

Shea L. Valley, Ed., Handbook of Geophysics and Space Environments (Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, Bedford, Mass., 1965).

Santa Barbara County Air Pollution Control District, Santa Barbara, Calif.

L. Franks, G. Capelle, “Laboratory Evaluation of an N2 Laser Fluorosensor,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2369 (Dec.1977).

G. Capelle, L. Franks, “Laboratory Evaluation of a KrF Laser Fluorosensor,” EG&G Report No. EGG 1183-2380 (Sept.1978).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Curves showing atmospheric absorption and solar radiation as a function of wavelength (KrF and N2 laser output wavelengths are, marked).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of airborne KrF laser fluorosensor system (the 45° dichroic mirror reflects the UV component 90° but passes the visible component of the collected light).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Overall corrected response of fluorosensor normalized to 100% at maximum response point for each channel: (a) UV channel; (b) visible channel.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Emission of solvent refined coal liquid effluent (1:800 dilution in H2O) under 250-nm excitation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Photograph of Nevada Test Site targets taken at 110-m flight altitude.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Chart recorder data traces of the five Nevada Test Site targets: 1 and 5 = Pennzoil, 2 = phenol, 3 = liquid effluent, and 4 = black plastic. (a) Run at 152 m, 6:03 a.m. (dark), with expanded time scale. (b) Run at 213 m, 6:37 a.m. (twilight), vertical amplification increased ×3.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Photograph showing six of the thirty-three long ponds of an NPR target, plus the small ponds and creek or drainage ditch at one end.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Signal from Naval Petroleum Reserve target shown in Fig. 7.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I UV signal/visible signal ratios for various samples, normalized to Pennzoil values

Equations (2)

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{ Pennzoil SRC liquid effluent Phenol
{ Target 18 B , pond 8 Target 18 B , pond 24 Target 18 G Target 26 Z Citrus orchard Oil slick

Metrics