Abstract

This paper describes the design for single-mode fibers whose operation wavelengths leading to ultralow loss <0.01 dB/km are in the 2.5–6-μm range. We evaluate the excess loss caused by uniform bending, microbending, and splicing with the formula used for silica-glass fiber. The possibility of preparing the ultralow loss fiber is discussed.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. Niizeki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 20, 1347 (1981).
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  2. C. H. L. Goodman, Solid State Electron Devices 2, 129 (1978).
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  4. T. J. Bridges, J. S. Hasiak, A. R. Strand, Opt. Lett. 5, 85 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Mimura, Y. Okamura, C. Ota, J. Appl. Phys. 53, 5491 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Poulain, M. Chanthanasinh, J. Luces, Mater. Res. Bull. 12, 151 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Nassau, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 60, 327 (1981).
  8. S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, Electron, Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Jeunhomme, Electron. Lett. 17, 560 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. H. Wemple, Appl. Opt. 18, 31 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. W. A. Gambling, H. Mastumura, C. M. Ragdole, Electron. Lett. 14, 130 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Marcuse, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 216 (1976).
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  13. K. Furuya, Y. Suematsu, Appl. Opt. 19, 1493 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Kastuyama, Y. Mistunaga, S. Mochijuki, A. Kawana, K. Ishihara, H. Stuchiya, Papers on Technical Group Meeting of IECE Jpn. OQE78-43 (June1978), in Japanese.
  15. S. Nemoto, T. Makimoto, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 447 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. L. Jackel, Appl. Opt. 19, 1996 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

Y. Mimura, Y. Okamura, C. Ota, J. Appl. Phys. 53, 5491 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (4)

N. Niizeki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 20, 1347 (1981).
[CrossRef]

K. Nassau, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 60, 327 (1981).

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, Electron, Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

L. Jeunhomme, Electron. Lett. 17, 560 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (3)

1979 (2)

S. H. Wemple, Appl. Opt. 18, 31 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nemoto, T. Makimoto, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 447 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (4)

W. A. Gambling, H. Mastumura, C. M. Ragdole, Electron. Lett. 14, 130 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kastuyama, Y. Mistunaga, S. Mochijuki, A. Kawana, K. Ishihara, H. Stuchiya, Papers on Technical Group Meeting of IECE Jpn. OQE78-43 (June1978), in Japanese.

C. H. L. Goodman, Solid State Electron Devices 2, 129 (1978).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Pinnow, A. L. Gentile, A. G. Standlee, A. J. Timper, L. M. Hobrock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 28 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

M. Poulain, M. Chanthanasinh, J. Luces, Mater. Res. Bull. 12, 151 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

Bridges, T. J.

Chanthanasinh, M.

M. Poulain, M. Chanthanasinh, J. Luces, Mater. Res. Bull. 12, 151 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Furuya, K.

Gambling, W. A.

W. A. Gambling, H. Mastumura, C. M. Ragdole, Electron. Lett. 14, 130 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Gentile, A. L.

D. A. Pinnow, A. L. Gentile, A. G. Standlee, A. J. Timper, L. M. Hobrock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 28 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, C. H. L.

C. H. L. Goodman, Solid State Electron Devices 2, 129 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hasiak, J. S.

Hobrock, L. M.

D. A. Pinnow, A. L. Gentile, A. G. Standlee, A. J. Timper, L. M. Hobrock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 28 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Horiguchi, M.

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, Electron, Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ishihara, K.

Y. Kastuyama, Y. Mistunaga, S. Mochijuki, A. Kawana, K. Ishihara, H. Stuchiya, Papers on Technical Group Meeting of IECE Jpn. OQE78-43 (June1978), in Japanese.

Jackel, J. L.

Jeunhomme, L.

L. Jeunhomme, Electron. Lett. 17, 560 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Jinguji, K.

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, Electron, Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, Electron, Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kastuyama, Y.

Y. Kastuyama, Y. Mistunaga, S. Mochijuki, A. Kawana, K. Ishihara, H. Stuchiya, Papers on Technical Group Meeting of IECE Jpn. OQE78-43 (June1978), in Japanese.

Kawana, A.

Y. Kastuyama, Y. Mistunaga, S. Mochijuki, A. Kawana, K. Ishihara, H. Stuchiya, Papers on Technical Group Meeting of IECE Jpn. OQE78-43 (June1978), in Japanese.

Luces, J.

M. Poulain, M. Chanthanasinh, J. Luces, Mater. Res. Bull. 12, 151 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Makimoto, T.

S. Nemoto, T. Makimoto, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 447 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Manabe, T.

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, Electron, Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

Mastumura, H.

W. A. Gambling, H. Mastumura, C. M. Ragdole, Electron. Lett. 14, 130 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Mimura, Y.

Y. Mimura, Y. Okamura, C. Ota, J. Appl. Phys. 53, 5491 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Mistunaga, Y.

Y. Kastuyama, Y. Mistunaga, S. Mochijuki, A. Kawana, K. Ishihara, H. Stuchiya, Papers on Technical Group Meeting of IECE Jpn. OQE78-43 (June1978), in Japanese.

Mitachi, S.

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, Electron, Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Mochijuki, S.

Y. Kastuyama, Y. Mistunaga, S. Mochijuki, A. Kawana, K. Ishihara, H. Stuchiya, Papers on Technical Group Meeting of IECE Jpn. OQE78-43 (June1978), in Japanese.

Nassau, K.

K. Nassau, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 60, 327 (1981).

Nemoto, S.

S. Nemoto, T. Makimoto, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 447 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Niizeki, N.

N. Niizeki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 20, 1347 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Okamura, Y.

Y. Mimura, Y. Okamura, C. Ota, J. Appl. Phys. 53, 5491 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ota, C.

Y. Mimura, Y. Okamura, C. Ota, J. Appl. Phys. 53, 5491 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Pinnow, D. A.

D. A. Pinnow, A. L. Gentile, A. G. Standlee, A. J. Timper, L. M. Hobrock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 28 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Poulain, M.

M. Poulain, M. Chanthanasinh, J. Luces, Mater. Res. Bull. 12, 151 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ragdole, C. M.

W. A. Gambling, H. Mastumura, C. M. Ragdole, Electron. Lett. 14, 130 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, S.

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, Electron, Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Standlee, A. G.

D. A. Pinnow, A. L. Gentile, A. G. Standlee, A. J. Timper, L. M. Hobrock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 28 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Strand, A. R.

Stuchiya, H.

Y. Kastuyama, Y. Mistunaga, S. Mochijuki, A. Kawana, K. Ishihara, H. Stuchiya, Papers on Technical Group Meeting of IECE Jpn. OQE78-43 (June1978), in Japanese.

Suematsu, Y.

Timper, A. J.

D. A. Pinnow, A. L. Gentile, A. G. Standlee, A. J. Timper, L. M. Hobrock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 28 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Wemple, S. H.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. A. Pinnow, A. L. Gentile, A. G. Standlee, A. J. Timper, L. M. Hobrock, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 28 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

K. Nassau, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 60, 327 (1981).

Electron, Lett. (1)

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, Electron, Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

L. Jeunhomme, Electron. Lett. 17, 560 (1981).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Gambling, H. Mastumura, C. M. Ragdole, Electron. Lett. 14, 130 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Mimura, Y. Okamura, C. Ota, J. Appl. Phys. 53, 5491 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

N. Niizeki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 20, 1347 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

M. Poulain, M. Chanthanasinh, J. Luces, Mater. Res. Bull. 12, 151 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Nemoto, T. Makimoto, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 447 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Electron Devices (1)

C. H. L. Goodman, Solid State Electron Devices 2, 129 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Technical Group Meeting of IECE Jpn. OQE78-43 (1)

Y. Kastuyama, Y. Mistunaga, S. Mochijuki, A. Kawana, K. Ishihara, H. Stuchiya, Papers on Technical Group Meeting of IECE Jpn. OQE78-43 (June1978), in Japanese.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transition loss as a function of the ratio of cruvature radius to core radius with the relative refractive-index difference as a parameter. These curves hold for all materials shown in Table I.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Curvature radius leading to the uniform bending loss of 0.01 dB/rad for materials shown in Table I.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Microbending loss for materials in Table I with a 1-mm correlation length. Operating wavelength is at zero dispersion.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table I Zero Material Dispersion Wavelength, Refractive Index at the Zero Dispersion Wavelength, and Core Radius for Seven Materials

Tables Icon

Table II Wavelength Shift Due to Waveguide Dispersion for Ultralow Loss Material Fibers

Tables Icon

Table III Permitted Values Given a 0.01-dB Splicing Loss

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n 2 1 = E d E 0 / ( E 0 2 E 2 ) E 1 2 / E 2 ,
α = ½ / ( d / w 0 ) 2 .
α = { π 1 / 2 U 2 exp [ ( 2 / 3 ) U 3 R / ( a 3 β g 2 ) ] } / [ 2 W 3 / 2 V 2 a K 1 2 ( W ) ( R / a ) 1 / 2 ] ,
α = ( N π / 24 ) ( w / R 1 ) 2 ( V 2 W 2 ) / [ K 1 2 ( W ) W 4 ] × exp { ( π 2 / 2 ) [ ( w n 1 / λ c ) Δ ( 4 / 3 ) ( W / V ) 2 ( λ c / λ ) ] 2 } ,
T = [ 4 / ( G 2 + 4 ) ] exp { 2 ( KS ) 2 [ F 2 + FG sin θ + ( G 2 / 2 + 1 ) sin 2 θ ] / ( G 2 + 4 ) } ,

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