Abstract

This paper describes the performances of 1.3-μm-band single-mode optical cables, of a single-mode fiber splicing apparatus, and of a cable installation machine. It also discusses optical loss characteristics in a 20-km long repeater section of a 400-Mbit/sec optical transmission system. An average cable loss of 0.48 dB/km and an average splice loss of 0.11 dB were achieved at 1.3 μm in the field. Optical loss distribution in the 20-km long repeater section was investigated experimentally. Optical losses between 10.2 and 13.9 dB were attained for the 20-km section at 1.3 μm.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Ito, K. Nakagawa, Y. Hakamada, in Technical Digest, ICC'82, Philadelphia (June 1982), p. 6D.1.1–5.
  2. K. Petermann, Electron. Lett. 12, 107 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, M. Ohashi, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, to be published in the June1983 issue, J. of Lightwave Technology.
  4. CCITT, Yellow Book, Transmission Media-Characteristics, (VIIth Plenary Assembly, 1981), G.651.
  5. S. Seikai, M. Tateda, K. Kitayama, N. Uchida, Appl. Opt. 19, 2860 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. Okamoto, T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 496 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Shibata, N. Uchida, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, Electron. Lett. 18, 563 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Kato, S. Seikai, N. Shibata, S. Tachigami, Y. Toda, O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 21, 1916 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. Uchida, Y. Ishida, K. Ishihara, in Technical Digest, ICC'81, Seattle, (June 1981), p. 27.5.1–5.
  10. Y. Sugawara, T. Kobayashi, M. Tanaka, A. Mogi, K. Inada, K. Ishihara, Trans. IECE Jpn. J62-C, 864 (1979), in Japanese.
  11. Y. Mitsunaga, Y. Katsuyama, Y. Ishida, Electron. Lett. 17, 567 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Harada, K. Saegusa, M. Nakahira, Y. Tsuchiya, T. Saito, T. Kurashima, Trans. IECE Jpn., J64-B, 1139 (1981), in Japanese.
  13. Y. Ishida, Y. Katsuyama, S. Seikai, K. Harada, C. Tanaka, in Technical Digest, ICC'82, Philadelphia (June 1982), p. 5D.1.1–5.

1982

K. Okamoto, T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 496 (1982).
[CrossRef]

N. Shibata, N. Uchida, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, Electron. Lett. 18, 563 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kato, S. Seikai, N. Shibata, S. Tachigami, Y. Toda, O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 21, 1916 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1981

Y. Mitsunaga, Y. Katsuyama, Y. Ishida, Electron. Lett. 17, 567 (1981).
[CrossRef]

K. Harada, K. Saegusa, M. Nakahira, Y. Tsuchiya, T. Saito, T. Kurashima, Trans. IECE Jpn., J64-B, 1139 (1981), in Japanese.

1980

1979

Y. Sugawara, T. Kobayashi, M. Tanaka, A. Mogi, K. Inada, K. Ishihara, Trans. IECE Jpn. J62-C, 864 (1979), in Japanese.

1976

K. Petermann, Electron. Lett. 12, 107 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Hakamada, Y.

T. Ito, K. Nakagawa, Y. Hakamada, in Technical Digest, ICC'82, Philadelphia (June 1982), p. 6D.1.1–5.

Harada, K.

K. Harada, K. Saegusa, M. Nakahira, Y. Tsuchiya, T. Saito, T. Kurashima, Trans. IECE Jpn., J64-B, 1139 (1981), in Japanese.

Y. Ishida, Y. Katsuyama, S. Seikai, K. Harada, C. Tanaka, in Technical Digest, ICC'82, Philadelphia (June 1982), p. 5D.1.1–5.

Hosaka, T.

K. Okamoto, T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 496 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Inada, K.

Y. Sugawara, T. Kobayashi, M. Tanaka, A. Mogi, K. Inada, K. Ishihara, Trans. IECE Jpn. J62-C, 864 (1979), in Japanese.

Ishida, Y.

Y. Mitsunaga, Y. Katsuyama, Y. Ishida, Electron. Lett. 17, 567 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ishida, Y. Katsuyama, S. Seikai, K. Harada, C. Tanaka, in Technical Digest, ICC'82, Philadelphia (June 1982), p. 5D.1.1–5.

N. Uchida, Y. Ishida, K. Ishihara, in Technical Digest, ICC'81, Seattle, (June 1981), p. 27.5.1–5.

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, M. Ohashi, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, to be published in the June1983 issue, J. of Lightwave Technology.

Ishihara, K.

Y. Sugawara, T. Kobayashi, M. Tanaka, A. Mogi, K. Inada, K. Ishihara, Trans. IECE Jpn. J62-C, 864 (1979), in Japanese.

N. Uchida, Y. Ishida, K. Ishihara, in Technical Digest, ICC'81, Seattle, (June 1981), p. 27.5.1–5.

Ito, T.

T. Ito, K. Nakagawa, Y. Hakamada, in Technical Digest, ICC'82, Philadelphia (June 1982), p. 6D.1.1–5.

Kato, Y.

Y. Kato, S. Seikai, N. Shibata, S. Tachigami, Y. Toda, O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 21, 1916 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, M. Ohashi, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, to be published in the June1983 issue, J. of Lightwave Technology.

Katsuyama, Y.

Y. Mitsunaga, Y. Katsuyama, Y. Ishida, Electron. Lett. 17, 567 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ishida, Y. Katsuyama, S. Seikai, K. Harada, C. Tanaka, in Technical Digest, ICC'82, Philadelphia (June 1982), p. 5D.1.1–5.

Kitayama, K.

S. Seikai, M. Tateda, K. Kitayama, N. Uchida, Appl. Opt. 19, 2860 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, M. Ohashi, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, to be published in the June1983 issue, J. of Lightwave Technology.

Kobayashi, T.

Y. Sugawara, T. Kobayashi, M. Tanaka, A. Mogi, K. Inada, K. Ishihara, Trans. IECE Jpn. J62-C, 864 (1979), in Japanese.

Kurashima, T.

K. Harada, K. Saegusa, M. Nakahira, Y. Tsuchiya, T. Saito, T. Kurashima, Trans. IECE Jpn., J64-B, 1139 (1981), in Japanese.

Mitsunaga, Y.

Y. Mitsunaga, Y. Katsuyama, Y. Ishida, Electron. Lett. 17, 567 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Mogi, A.

Y. Sugawara, T. Kobayashi, M. Tanaka, A. Mogi, K. Inada, K. Ishihara, Trans. IECE Jpn. J62-C, 864 (1979), in Japanese.

Nakagawa, K.

T. Ito, K. Nakagawa, Y. Hakamada, in Technical Digest, ICC'82, Philadelphia (June 1982), p. 6D.1.1–5.

Nakahira, M.

K. Harada, K. Saegusa, M. Nakahira, Y. Tsuchiya, T. Saito, T. Kurashima, Trans. IECE Jpn., J64-B, 1139 (1981), in Japanese.

Ohashi, M.

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, M. Ohashi, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, to be published in the June1983 issue, J. of Lightwave Technology.

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 496 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

K. Petermann, Electron. Lett. 12, 107 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Saegusa, K.

K. Harada, K. Saegusa, M. Nakahira, Y. Tsuchiya, T. Saito, T. Kurashima, Trans. IECE Jpn., J64-B, 1139 (1981), in Japanese.

Saito, T.

K. Harada, K. Saegusa, M. Nakahira, Y. Tsuchiya, T. Saito, T. Kurashima, Trans. IECE Jpn., J64-B, 1139 (1981), in Japanese.

Sasaki, Y.

K. Okamoto, T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 496 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Seikai, S.

N. Shibata, N. Uchida, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, Electron. Lett. 18, 563 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kato, S. Seikai, N. Shibata, S. Tachigami, Y. Toda, O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 21, 1916 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Seikai, M. Tateda, K. Kitayama, N. Uchida, Appl. Opt. 19, 2860 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ishida, Y. Katsuyama, S. Seikai, K. Harada, C. Tanaka, in Technical Digest, ICC'82, Philadelphia (June 1982), p. 5D.1.1–5.

Shibata, N.

Sugawara, Y.

Y. Sugawara, T. Kobayashi, M. Tanaka, A. Mogi, K. Inada, K. Ishihara, Trans. IECE Jpn. J62-C, 864 (1979), in Japanese.

Tachigami, S.

Tanaka, C.

Y. Ishida, Y. Katsuyama, S. Seikai, K. Harada, C. Tanaka, in Technical Digest, ICC'82, Philadelphia (June 1982), p. 5D.1.1–5.

Tanaka, M.

Y. Sugawara, T. Kobayashi, M. Tanaka, A. Mogi, K. Inada, K. Ishihara, Trans. IECE Jpn. J62-C, 864 (1979), in Japanese.

Tateda, M.

N. Shibata, N. Uchida, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, Electron. Lett. 18, 563 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Seikai, M. Tateda, K. Kitayama, N. Uchida, Appl. Opt. 19, 2860 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toda, Y.

Tsuchiya, Y.

K. Harada, K. Saegusa, M. Nakahira, Y. Tsuchiya, T. Saito, T. Kurashima, Trans. IECE Jpn., J64-B, 1139 (1981), in Japanese.

Uchida, N.

N. Shibata, N. Uchida, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, Electron. Lett. 18, 563 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Seikai, M. Tateda, K. Kitayama, N. Uchida, Appl. Opt. 19, 2860 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, M. Ohashi, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, to be published in the June1983 issue, J. of Lightwave Technology.

N. Uchida, Y. Ishida, K. Ishihara, in Technical Digest, ICC'81, Seattle, (June 1981), p. 27.5.1–5.

Watanabe, O.

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

N. Shibata, N. Uchida, M. Tateda, S. Seikai, Electron. Lett. 18, 563 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Petermann, Electron. Lett. 12, 107 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mitsunaga, Y. Katsuyama, Y. Ishida, Electron. Lett. 17, 567 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. Okamoto, T. Hosaka, Y. Sasaki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 496 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Trans. IECE Jpn.

K. Harada, K. Saegusa, M. Nakahira, Y. Tsuchiya, T. Saito, T. Kurashima, Trans. IECE Jpn., J64-B, 1139 (1981), in Japanese.

Y. Sugawara, T. Kobayashi, M. Tanaka, A. Mogi, K. Inada, K. Ishihara, Trans. IECE Jpn. J62-C, 864 (1979), in Japanese.

Other

Y. Ishida, Y. Katsuyama, S. Seikai, K. Harada, C. Tanaka, in Technical Digest, ICC'82, Philadelphia (June 1982), p. 5D.1.1–5.

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, M. Ohashi, Y. Ishida, N. Uchida, to be published in the June1983 issue, J. of Lightwave Technology.

CCITT, Yellow Book, Transmission Media-Characteristics, (VIIth Plenary Assembly, 1981), G.651.

T. Ito, K. Nakagawa, Y. Hakamada, in Technical Digest, ICC'82, Philadelphia (June 1982), p. 6D.1.1–5.

N. Uchida, Y. Ishida, K. Ishihara, in Technical Digest, ICC'81, Seattle, (June 1981), p. 27.5.1–5.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Field trial route of the 400 Mbit/sec optical transmission system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Coated fiber, fiber unit, and cable structures used in the field trial.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Estimated cumulative failure probability of 12-fiber cable during installation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Outward appearance of single-mode fiber splice apparatus.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured optical loss changes due to installation at 1.3-μm wavelength.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical loss histogram for installed cables at 1.3-μm wavelength.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Splice loss histogram at 1.3-μm wavelength.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measured and estimated loss distributions in a 20-km long optical transmission line at 1.3-μm wavelength.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Loss spectra in a 20-km long repeater section.

Tables (2)

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Table I Fiber Specifications in Cable

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Table II Performances of the Installation Machine

Equations (2)

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α m = α m c i = 1 n L i + ( n 1 ) α m s ,
σ = [ σ c 2 i = 1 n L i 2 + ( n 1 ) σ s 2 ] 1 / 2 ,

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