Abstract

A fifth-order algebraic formula is derived for the axial deviation of the ray observed behind the GRIN lens exit face, whose expansion coefficients characterize the coefficients up to sixth-order in the index profile of a GRIN lens with arbitrary length; the index coefficients up to sixth-order of a near one-quarter pitch lens are estimated with the formula. The proposed technique would be useful for the evaluation of a GRIN lens with larger spherical aberrations and a longer GRIN rod.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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