Abstract

A photoacoustic technique was used to evaluate total diffuse light scattering from a diffraction grating as functions of incidence angle and polarization of 632.8-nm photons. Diffuse light scattering for a 520-line/mm silver-coated replica grating was found to decrease with increasing angle of incidence and to exhibit no strong dependence on polarization of the incident photons, except in the angular regions where surface plasmons were excited.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. For example, A. Rosencwaig, Photoacoustics and Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1980).
  2. T. Inagaki, K. Kagami, E. T. Arakawa, Phys. Rev. B 24, 3644 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Inagaki, K. Kagami, E. T. Arakawa, Appl. Opt. 21, 949 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Inagaki, Y. Nakagawa, E. T. Arakawa, D. Aas, Phys. Rev. B 26, 6421 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  5. For example, K. Heihoff, J. Pelzl, N. Croitoru, P. Cornaz, in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), paper TuB-13.
  6. I. Pockrand, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 18, 395 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. M. Elson, C. C. Sung, Appl. Opt. 21, 1496 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. W. Wood, Philos. Mag. 4, 396 (1902).
  10. For example, Y.-Y. Teng, E. Stern, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 511 (1967);R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1530 (1968);M. C. Hutley, V. M. Bird, Opt. Acta 20, 771 (1973);C. E. Wheeler, E. T. Arakawa, R. H. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. B 13, 2372 (1976);I. Pockrand, J. Phys. D 9, 2423 (1976);W. Rothballer, Opt. Commun. 20, 429 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. C. Hutley, D. Maystre, Opt. Commun. 19, 431 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  12. For example, E. Kroger, E. Kretschmann, Phys. Status Solidi B 76, 515 (1976);T. S. Rahman, A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 21, 2137 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Kroger, E. Kretschmann, Z. Phys. 237, 1 (1970);J. Bodesheim, A. Otto, Surf. Sci. 45, 441 (1974);S. O. Sari, D. K. Cohen, K. D. Scherkoske, Phys. Rev. 21, 2162 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

1982 (3)

1981 (1)

T. Inagaki, K. Kagami, E. T. Arakawa, Phys. Rev. B 24, 3644 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1976 (3)

M. C. Hutley, D. Maystre, Opt. Commun. 19, 431 (1976).
[CrossRef]

For example, E. Kroger, E. Kretschmann, Phys. Status Solidi B 76, 515 (1976);T. S. Rahman, A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 21, 2137 (1980).
[CrossRef]

I. Pockrand, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 18, 395 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

E. Kroger, E. Kretschmann, Z. Phys. 237, 1 (1970);J. Bodesheim, A. Otto, Surf. Sci. 45, 441 (1974);S. O. Sari, D. K. Cohen, K. D. Scherkoske, Phys. Rev. 21, 2162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

For example, Y.-Y. Teng, E. Stern, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 511 (1967);R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1530 (1968);M. C. Hutley, V. M. Bird, Opt. Acta 20, 771 (1973);C. E. Wheeler, E. T. Arakawa, R. H. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. B 13, 2372 (1976);I. Pockrand, J. Phys. D 9, 2423 (1976);W. Rothballer, Opt. Commun. 20, 429 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1902 (1)

R. W. Wood, Philos. Mag. 4, 396 (1902).

Aas, D.

T. Inagaki, Y. Nakagawa, E. T. Arakawa, D. Aas, Phys. Rev. B 26, 6421 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, E. T.

T. Inagaki, Y. Nakagawa, E. T. Arakawa, D. Aas, Phys. Rev. B 26, 6421 (1982).
[CrossRef]

T. Inagaki, K. Kagami, E. T. Arakawa, Appl. Opt. 21, 949 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Inagaki, K. Kagami, E. T. Arakawa, Phys. Rev. B 24, 3644 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Cornaz, P.

For example, K. Heihoff, J. Pelzl, N. Croitoru, P. Cornaz, in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), paper TuB-13.

Croitoru, N.

For example, K. Heihoff, J. Pelzl, N. Croitoru, P. Cornaz, in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), paper TuB-13.

Elson, J. M.

Heihoff, K.

For example, K. Heihoff, J. Pelzl, N. Croitoru, P. Cornaz, in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), paper TuB-13.

Hutley, M. C.

M. C. Hutley, D. Maystre, Opt. Commun. 19, 431 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Inagaki, T.

T. Inagaki, Y. Nakagawa, E. T. Arakawa, D. Aas, Phys. Rev. B 26, 6421 (1982).
[CrossRef]

T. Inagaki, K. Kagami, E. T. Arakawa, Appl. Opt. 21, 949 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Inagaki, K. Kagami, E. T. Arakawa, Phys. Rev. B 24, 3644 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kagami, K.

T. Inagaki, K. Kagami, E. T. Arakawa, Appl. Opt. 21, 949 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Inagaki, K. Kagami, E. T. Arakawa, Phys. Rev. B 24, 3644 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kretschmann, E.

For example, E. Kroger, E. Kretschmann, Phys. Status Solidi B 76, 515 (1976);T. S. Rahman, A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 21, 2137 (1980).
[CrossRef]

E. Kroger, E. Kretschmann, Z. Phys. 237, 1 (1970);J. Bodesheim, A. Otto, Surf. Sci. 45, 441 (1974);S. O. Sari, D. K. Cohen, K. D. Scherkoske, Phys. Rev. 21, 2162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kroger, E.

For example, E. Kroger, E. Kretschmann, Phys. Status Solidi B 76, 515 (1976);T. S. Rahman, A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 21, 2137 (1980).
[CrossRef]

E. Kroger, E. Kretschmann, Z. Phys. 237, 1 (1970);J. Bodesheim, A. Otto, Surf. Sci. 45, 441 (1974);S. O. Sari, D. K. Cohen, K. D. Scherkoske, Phys. Rev. 21, 2162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Maystre, D.

M. C. Hutley, D. Maystre, Opt. Commun. 19, 431 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, Y.

T. Inagaki, Y. Nakagawa, E. T. Arakawa, D. Aas, Phys. Rev. B 26, 6421 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Pelzl, J.

For example, K. Heihoff, J. Pelzl, N. Croitoru, P. Cornaz, in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), paper TuB-13.

Pockrand, I.

I. Pockrand, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 18, 395 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Raether, H.

I. Pockrand, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 18, 395 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Rosencwaig, A.

For example, A. Rosencwaig, Photoacoustics and Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1980).

Stern, E.

For example, Y.-Y. Teng, E. Stern, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 511 (1967);R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1530 (1968);M. C. Hutley, V. M. Bird, Opt. Acta 20, 771 (1973);C. E. Wheeler, E. T. Arakawa, R. H. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. B 13, 2372 (1976);I. Pockrand, J. Phys. D 9, 2423 (1976);W. Rothballer, Opt. Commun. 20, 429 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Sung, C. C.

Teng, Y.-Y.

For example, Y.-Y. Teng, E. Stern, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 511 (1967);R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1530 (1968);M. C. Hutley, V. M. Bird, Opt. Acta 20, 771 (1973);C. E. Wheeler, E. T. Arakawa, R. H. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. B 13, 2372 (1976);I. Pockrand, J. Phys. D 9, 2423 (1976);W. Rothballer, Opt. Commun. 20, 429 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Wood, R. W.

R. W. Wood, Philos. Mag. 4, 396 (1902).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Opt. Commun. (2)

I. Pockrand, H. Raether, Opt. Commun. 18, 395 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hutley, D. Maystre, Opt. Commun. 19, 431 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Philos. Mag. (1)

R. W. Wood, Philos. Mag. 4, 396 (1902).

Phys. Rev. B (3)

T. Inagaki, K. Kagami, E. T. Arakawa, Phys. Rev. B 24, 3644 (1981).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

T. Inagaki, Y. Nakagawa, E. T. Arakawa, D. Aas, Phys. Rev. B 26, 6421 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

For example, Y.-Y. Teng, E. Stern, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 511 (1967);R. H. Ritchie, E. T. Arakawa, J. J. Cowan, R. N. Hamm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1530 (1968);M. C. Hutley, V. M. Bird, Opt. Acta 20, 771 (1973);C. E. Wheeler, E. T. Arakawa, R. H. Ritchie, Phys. Rev. B 13, 2372 (1976);I. Pockrand, J. Phys. D 9, 2423 (1976);W. Rothballer, Opt. Commun. 20, 429 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi B (1)

For example, E. Kroger, E. Kretschmann, Phys. Status Solidi B 76, 515 (1976);T. S. Rahman, A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. B 21, 2137 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys. (1)

E. Kroger, E. Kretschmann, Z. Phys. 237, 1 (1970);J. Bodesheim, A. Otto, Surf. Sci. 45, 441 (1974);S. O. Sari, D. K. Cohen, K. D. Scherkoske, Phys. Rev. 21, 2162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

For example, A. Rosencwaig, Photoacoustics and Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1980).

For example, K. Heihoff, J. Pelzl, N. Croitoru, P. Cornaz, in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), paper TuB-13.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photoacoustic signal and absorptance measured with silver films as a function of incidence angle for p- and s-polarized photons to determine the response constant of the photoacoustic cell.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photoacoustic signal from a silver-coated diffraction grating as a function of incidence angle for p- and s-polarized incident photons: d, grating constant; h, groove depth measured from the mean surface; λ, incident photon wavelength. Arrows with positive and negative integers indicate theoretical values of plasmon resonance angles.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Efficiencies Rm of the diffracted order m measured as a function of incidence angle for p-polarized photons.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison between absorptances determined photoacoustically and from measurements of the diffraction efficiencies Rm as a function of incidence angle for p- and s-polarized photons.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Total diffuse light scattering from a silver-coated diffraction grating as a function of incidence angle for p- and s-polarized photons.

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