Abstract

The vectorial photoelectric effect is investigated for gold and lead-oxide-glass surfaces at a variety of wavelengths in the VUV. The usefulness of this phenomenon as a basis for a VUV polarization detector is discussed.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of VUV Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1967).
  2. R. Hamm, R. MacRae, E. Arakawa, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1460 (1955).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. L. Morse, “Optical and Photo Electric Properties of Gold and Aluminum in the Extreme Ultraviolet,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Southern California (University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1968).
  4. I. C. Malcolm, J. W. McConkey, J. Phys. B 12, 511 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. C. Malcolm, H. W. Dassen, J. W. McConkey, J. Phys. B 12, 1003 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. E. Ives, Phys. Rev. 38, 1209 (1931).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. E. Ives, H. Briggs, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 28, 330 (1938).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Monin, G. A. Boutry, Phys. Rev. B 9, 1309 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. A. Flodstrom, J. G. Endriz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 893 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. A. Flodstrom, J. G. Endriz, Phys. Rev. B 12, 1252 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Petersen, S. B. M. Hagstrom, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1314 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Jezequel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1963 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. W. McConkey, T. Crouch, J. Tomc, Appl. Opt. 21, 1643 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

1980 (1)

G. Jezequel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1963 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

I. C. Malcolm, J. W. McConkey, J. Phys. B 12, 511 (1979).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Malcolm, H. W. Dassen, J. W. McConkey, J. Phys. B 12, 1003 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

H. Petersen, S. B. M. Hagstrom, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1314 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

S. A. Flodstrom, J. G. Endriz, Phys. Rev. B 12, 1252 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

J. Monin, G. A. Boutry, Phys. Rev. B 9, 1309 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

S. A. Flodstrom, J. G. Endriz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 893 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1955 (1)

1938 (1)

1931 (1)

H. E. Ives, Phys. Rev. 38, 1209 (1931).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, E.

Boutry, G. A.

J. Monin, G. A. Boutry, Phys. Rev. B 9, 1309 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Briggs, H.

Crouch, T.

Dassen, H. W.

I. C. Malcolm, H. W. Dassen, J. W. McConkey, J. Phys. B 12, 1003 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Endriz, J. G.

S. A. Flodstrom, J. G. Endriz, Phys. Rev. B 12, 1252 (1975).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Flodstrom, J. G. Endriz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 893 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Flodstrom, S. A.

S. A. Flodstrom, J. G. Endriz, Phys. Rev. B 12, 1252 (1975).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Flodstrom, J. G. Endriz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 893 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Hagstrom, S. B. M.

H. Petersen, S. B. M. Hagstrom, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1314 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hamm, R.

Ives, H. E.

Jezequel, G.

G. Jezequel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1963 (1980).
[CrossRef]

MacRae, R.

Malcolm, I. C.

I. C. Malcolm, J. W. McConkey, J. Phys. B 12, 511 (1979).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Malcolm, H. W. Dassen, J. W. McConkey, J. Phys. B 12, 1003 (1979).
[CrossRef]

McConkey, J. W.

J. W. McConkey, T. Crouch, J. Tomc, Appl. Opt. 21, 1643 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. C. Malcolm, H. W. Dassen, J. W. McConkey, J. Phys. B 12, 1003 (1979).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Malcolm, J. W. McConkey, J. Phys. B 12, 511 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Monin, J.

J. Monin, G. A. Boutry, Phys. Rev. B 9, 1309 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Morse, A. L.

A. L. Morse, “Optical and Photo Electric Properties of Gold and Aluminum in the Extreme Ultraviolet,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Southern California (University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1968).

Petersen, H.

H. Petersen, S. B. M. Hagstrom, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1314 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Samson, J. A. R.

J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of VUV Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1967).

Tomc, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Phys. B (2)

I. C. Malcolm, J. W. McConkey, J. Phys. B 12, 511 (1979).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Malcolm, H. W. Dassen, J. W. McConkey, J. Phys. B 12, 1003 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

H. E. Ives, Phys. Rev. 38, 1209 (1931).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

J. Monin, G. A. Boutry, Phys. Rev. B 9, 1309 (1974).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Flodstrom, J. G. Endriz, Phys. Rev. B 12, 1252 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

H. Petersen, S. B. M. Hagstrom, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1314 (1978).
[CrossRef]

G. Jezequel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1963 (1980).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Flodstrom, J. G. Endriz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 893 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of VUV Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1967).

A. L. Morse, “Optical and Photo Electric Properties of Gold and Aluminum in the Extreme Ultraviolet,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Southern California (University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1968).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of apparatus. The system could be rotated around the A and B axes shown dotted. Axis A defined the direction of the incoming photon beam. Rotation about B varied the angle of incidence onto surface S. A small bias voltage was applied between plate P and the housing of channeltron detector C to optimize the photoelectron collection efficiency.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation of asymmetry parameter A (see text) with photon incidence angle. Data shown are for a gold surface and (predominantly) Lyman-α radiation. Very similar data were obtained using a lead-oxide surface and/or radiation from a nitrogen source (95–100 nm). The solid curve is a calculated curve based on the known reflectivities of gold at the Lyman-α wavelength (see text).1

Equations (4)

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A 1 - R 1 - R ,
Π = A - 1 A + 1 .
P = A - 1 A + 1 .
P = P Π .

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