Abstract

A hollow-cathode type discharge cell as generator of uranium ions is investigated. The I49/20 ground-state ion density has been obtained by absorption spectroscopy at 5493 and 4244 Å. The absorption measurements have been performed using two identical hollow-cathode lamps: one acting as a light source, the other as a reservoir of free ions. Neon and xenon have been used as discharge sustaining gases. In our experimental conditions the measured ion ground-state density is of the order of 1012 ions cm−3. Absorption measurements performed at 5915 and 4246 Å of U i give a density of the order of 1012 atoms cm−3. This latter value is in excellent agreement with a previously measured value obtained by laser-absorption spectroscopy.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. A. C. G. Mitchell, M. W. Zemansky, Resonance Radiation and Excited Atoms (Cambridge U.P., New York, 1971).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. C. S. Willett, Introduction to Gas Lasers: Population Inversion Mechanism (Pergamon, New York, 1974).

1982 (1)

1981 (2)

1979 (3)

1978 (3)

1977 (1)

J. Z. Klose, P. A. Voigt, Phys. Rev. A 16, 2032 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

J. R. McNeil, G. J. Collins, K. B. Persson, D. L. Franzen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 207 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, T.

O. Poulsen, T. Andersen, S. M. Bentzen, U. Nielsen, Phys. Rev. A 24, 2523 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ben Osman, Z.

D. W. Steinhaus, L. J. Radziemski, R. D. Cowan, J. Blaise, G. Guelachvili, Z. Ben Osman, J. Vergès, LA-4501, UC-34 (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, N.M., 1971).

Bentzen, S. M.

O. Poulsen, T. Andersen, S. M. Bentzen, U. Nielsen, Phys. Rev. A 24, 2523 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bertrand, L.

Bieniewsky, T. M.

Blaise, J.

D. W. Steinhaus, L. J. Radziemski, R. D. Cowan, J. Blaise, G. Guelachvili, Z. Ben Osman, J. Vergès, LA-4501, UC-34 (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, N.M., 1971).

Bouchard, P.

J. M. Gagné, P. Pianarosa, G. Larin, J. P. Saint-Dizier, P. Bouchard, Appl. Opt. 20, 3770 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Bouchard, Internal Report, Ecole Polytechnique, Montreal (1981), unpublished.

P. Bouchard, M. S. Thesis, Ecole Polytechnique, Montreal (1981), unpublished.

Butterfield, K. B.

K. B. Butterfield, D. C. Gerstenberger, T. Shay, W. L. Little, G. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 3088 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Carleer, M.

Collins, G. J.

K. B. Butterfield, D. C. Gerstenberger, T. Shay, W. L. Little, G. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 3088 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. R. McNeil, G. J. Collins, K. B. Persson, D. L. Franzen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 207 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Cowan, R. D.

D. W. Steinhaus, L. J. Radziemski, R. D. Cowan, J. Blaise, G. Guelachvili, Z. Ben Osman, J. Vergès, LA-4501, UC-34 (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, N.M., 1971).

David, R.

Demers, Y.

Erez, G.

Franzen, D. L.

J. R. McNeil, G. J. Collins, K. B. Persson, D. L. Franzen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 207 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Gagné, J. M.

Gerstenberger, D. C.

K. B. Butterfield, D. C. Gerstenberger, T. Shay, W. L. Little, G. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 3088 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Guelachvili, G.

D. W. Steinhaus, L. J. Radziemski, R. D. Cowan, J. Blaise, G. Guelachvili, Z. Ben Osman, J. Vergès, LA-4501, UC-34 (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, N.M., 1971).

Klose, J. Z.

J. Z. Klose, P. A. Voigt, Phys. Rev. A 16, 2032 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lanoie, R.

R. Lanoie, M. S. Thesis, Ecole Polytechnique, Montreal (1977), unpublished.

Larin, G.

Lavi, S.

Leblanc, B.

Levin, L. A.

Little, W. L.

K. B. Butterfield, D. C. Gerstenberger, T. Shay, W. L. Little, G. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 3088 (1978).
[CrossRef]

McNeil, J. R.

J. R. McNeil, G. J. Collins, K. B. Persson, D. L. Franzen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 207 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Miron, E.

Mitchell, A. C. G.

A. C. G. Mitchell, M. W. Zemansky, Resonance Radiation and Excited Atoms (Cambridge U.P., New York, 1971).

Mongeau, B.

Nielsen, U.

O. Poulsen, T. Andersen, S. M. Bentzen, U. Nielsen, Phys. Rev. A 24, 2523 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Persson, K. B.

J. R. McNeil, G. J. Collins, K. B. Persson, D. L. Franzen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 207 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Pianarosa, P.

Poulsen, O.

O. Poulsen, T. Andersen, S. M. Bentzen, U. Nielsen, Phys. Rev. A 24, 2523 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Radziemski, L. J.

D. W. Steinhaus, L. J. Radziemski, R. D. Cowan, J. Blaise, G. Guelachvili, Z. Ben Osman, J. Vergès, LA-4501, UC-34 (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, N.M., 1971).

Saint-Dizier, J. P.

Shay, T.

K. B. Butterfield, D. C. Gerstenberger, T. Shay, W. L. Little, G. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 3088 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Steinhaus, D. W.

D. W. Steinhaus, L. J. Radziemski, R. D. Cowan, J. Blaise, G. Guelachvili, Z. Ben Osman, J. Vergès, LA-4501, UC-34 (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, N.M., 1971).

Vergès, J.

D. W. Steinhaus, L. J. Radziemski, R. D. Cowan, J. Blaise, G. Guelachvili, Z. Ben Osman, J. Vergès, LA-4501, UC-34 (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, N.M., 1971).

Voigt, P. A.

J. Z. Klose, P. A. Voigt, Phys. Rev. A 16, 2032 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Willett, C. S.

C. S. Willett, Introduction to Gas Lasers: Population Inversion Mechanism (Pergamon, New York, 1974).

Zemansky, M. W.

A. C. G. Mitchell, M. W. Zemansky, Resonance Radiation and Excited Atoms (Cambridge U.P., New York, 1971).

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. R. McNeil, G. J. Collins, K. B. Persson, D. L. Franzen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 207 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. B. Butterfield, D. C. Gerstenberger, T. Shay, W. L. Little, G. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 3088 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

O. Poulsen, T. Andersen, S. M. Bentzen, U. Nielsen, Phys. Rev. A 24, 2523 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Z. Klose, P. A. Voigt, Phys. Rev. A 16, 2032 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

C. S. Willett, Introduction to Gas Lasers: Population Inversion Mechanism (Pergamon, New York, 1974).

D. W. Steinhaus, L. J. Radziemski, R. D. Cowan, J. Blaise, G. Guelachvili, Z. Ben Osman, J. Vergès, LA-4501, UC-34 (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, N.M., 1971).

B. Mongeau, Ph.D. Thesis, Ecole Polytechnique, Montreal (1981), unpublished.

R. Lanoie, M. S. Thesis, Ecole Polytechnique, Montreal (1977), unpublished.

P. Bouchard, M. S. Thesis, Ecole Polytechnique, Montreal (1981), unpublished.

A. C. G. Mitchell, M. W. Zemansky, Resonance Radiation and Excited Atoms (Cambridge U.P., New York, 1971).

P. Bouchard, Internal Report, Ecole Polytechnique, Montreal (1981), unpublished.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: L, lens; PM, photomultiplier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ionic ground-state density NII vs current i; 5493-Å line.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ionic ground-state density NII vs current i; 4244-Å line.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Atomic ground-state density NI vs current i; 5915-Å line.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Atomic ground-state density NI vs current i; 4246-Å line.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Ionic-to-atomic ground-state density ratio NII/NI vs current i; 5493- and 5915-Å lines.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Ionic-to-atomic ground-state density ratio NII/NI vs current i; 4244- and 4246-Å lines.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Comparison of Experimental ko Values

Equations (6)

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A α = 1 - I t I o = E ν [ 1 - exp ( - k ν l ) ] d ν E ν d ν ,
A α = 1 n = 1 ( - 1 ) n + 1 n ! n ( k o l ) n × n = 1 ( - 1 ) n + 1 n ! n ( k o l ) n × { ( k o k o ) n + 1 α [ 1 - n ! n i = 0 n ( k o / k o ) i i ! ( n + i ) ! n + i ( 1 / α 2 - 1 ) ] } ,
k o = 1 4 π ( ln 2 π ) 1 / 2 g 2 g 1 A λ 0 2 N Δ ν D a .
α = source Doppler width absorber Doppler width = Δ ν D s Δ ν D a
N = C i m ,
R m + M R + M + * + e - ( Δ E )

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