Abstract

Chlorine monoxide (ClO) is thought to play an important role in a photochemical cycle which causes the destruction of ozone in the earth’s stratosphere. Since lines of the (1,0) fundamental of ClO lie near 14C16O2 laser lines, IR heterodyne spectroscopy is potentially an important technique for monitoring the ClO abundance. However, due to the presence of lines from other trace atmospheric gases in this spectral range, the interpretation of such observations is ambiguous unless high-resolution laboratory measurements support the identifications. We report here measured frequencies for spectral lines of seven trace atmospheric gases which absorb near the 14C16O2 laser transitions relevant to the detection of ClO by IR heterodyne spectroscopy.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. S. Rowland, M. J. Molina, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 13, 1 (1975). See also “Causes and Effects of Stratospheric Ozone Reduction: An Update,” Report to the NRC (National Academy of Science, Washington, D.C., 1982).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. D. Rogers, M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Deming, J. J. Hillman, J. Faris, D. Zipoy, submitted to Science.
  3. M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Buhl, G. Chin, D. Zipoy, Opt. Eng. 21, 313 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. G. Anderson, H. J. Grassel, R. E. Shetter, J. J. Margitan, J. Geophys. Res. 85, 2869 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Parrish, R. L. De Zafra, P. M. Solomon, J. W. Barrett, E. R. Carlson, Science 211, 1158 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. W. Waters, J. C. Hardy, R. F. Jarnet, H. M. Pickett, Science 214, 61 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. T. Menzies, Geophys. Res. Lett. 6, 151 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. G. Maki, F. J. Lovas, W. B. Olson, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 92, 410 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. T. Menzies, California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory; private communication (1982).
  10. T. Kostiuk, J. J. Hillman, J. L. Faris, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 89, 397 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Freed, L. C. Bradley, R. G. O’Donnell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1195 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. S. Wells, F. R. Petersen, A. G. Maki, D. J. Sukle, Appl. Opt. 20, 1676 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. J. Hillman, T. Kostiuk, D. Buhl, J. L. Faris, J. C. Novaco, M. J. Mumma, Opt. Lett. 1, 81 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. G. Maki, Natl. Bureau of Standards; private communications (1982).
  15. J. Kauppinen, K. Jolma, V.-M. Horneman, Appl. Opt. 21, 3332 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, V. M. Devi, P. P. Das, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 84, 234 (1980). K. N. Rao kindly provided a complete listing of NO2 line positions and strengths obtained in this work.
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. W. Brault, Kitt Peak National Observatory, and D. E. Jennings, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; private communications (1982).
  18. S. J. Daunt, A. K. Atakan, W. E. Blass, G. W. Halsey, D. E. Jennings, D. C. Reuter, J. Susskind, submitted to Astrophys. J.

1982 (3)

M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Buhl, G. Chin, D. Zipoy, Opt. Eng. 21, 313 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Maki, F. J. Lovas, W. B. Olson, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 92, 410 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Kauppinen, K. Jolma, V.-M. Horneman, Appl. Opt. 21, 3332 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1981 (4)

T. Kostiuk, J. J. Hillman, J. L. Faris, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 89, 397 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Wells, F. R. Petersen, A. G. Maki, D. J. Sukle, Appl. Opt. 20, 1676 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Parrish, R. L. De Zafra, P. M. Solomon, J. W. Barrett, E. R. Carlson, Science 211, 1158 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Waters, J. C. Hardy, R. F. Jarnet, H. M. Pickett, Science 214, 61 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (3)

J. G. Anderson, H. J. Grassel, R. E. Shetter, J. J. Margitan, J. Geophys. Res. 85, 2869 (1980).
[CrossRef]

C. Freed, L. C. Bradley, R. G. O’Donnell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1195 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, V. M. Devi, P. P. Das, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 84, 234 (1980). K. N. Rao kindly provided a complete listing of NO2 line positions and strengths obtained in this work.
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

R. T. Menzies, Geophys. Res. Lett. 6, 151 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

1975 (1)

F. S. Rowland, M. J. Molina, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 13, 1 (1975). See also “Causes and Effects of Stratospheric Ozone Reduction: An Update,” Report to the NRC (National Academy of Science, Washington, D.C., 1982).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, J. G.

J. G. Anderson, H. J. Grassel, R. E. Shetter, J. J. Margitan, J. Geophys. Res. 85, 2869 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Atakan, A. K.

S. J. Daunt, A. K. Atakan, W. E. Blass, G. W. Halsey, D. E. Jennings, D. C. Reuter, J. Susskind, submitted to Astrophys. J.

Barrett, J. W.

A. Parrish, R. L. De Zafra, P. M. Solomon, J. W. Barrett, E. R. Carlson, Science 211, 1158 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blass, W. E.

S. J. Daunt, A. K. Atakan, W. E. Blass, G. W. Halsey, D. E. Jennings, D. C. Reuter, J. Susskind, submitted to Astrophys. J.

Bradley, L. C.

C. Freed, L. C. Bradley, R. G. O’Donnell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1195 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Brault, J. W.

J. W. Brault, Kitt Peak National Observatory, and D. E. Jennings, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; private communications (1982).

Buhl, D.

Camy-Peyret, C.

J. M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, V. M. Devi, P. P. Das, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 84, 234 (1980). K. N. Rao kindly provided a complete listing of NO2 line positions and strengths obtained in this work.
[CrossRef]

Carlson, E. R.

A. Parrish, R. L. De Zafra, P. M. Solomon, J. W. Barrett, E. R. Carlson, Science 211, 1158 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin, G.

M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Buhl, G. Chin, D. Zipoy, Opt. Eng. 21, 313 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Das, P. P.

J. M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, V. M. Devi, P. P. Das, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 84, 234 (1980). K. N. Rao kindly provided a complete listing of NO2 line positions and strengths obtained in this work.
[CrossRef]

Daunt, S. J.

S. J. Daunt, A. K. Atakan, W. E. Blass, G. W. Halsey, D. E. Jennings, D. C. Reuter, J. Susskind, submitted to Astrophys. J.

De Zafra, R. L.

A. Parrish, R. L. De Zafra, P. M. Solomon, J. W. Barrett, E. R. Carlson, Science 211, 1158 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deming, D.

J. D. Rogers, M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Deming, J. J. Hillman, J. Faris, D. Zipoy, submitted to Science.

Devi, V. M.

J. M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, V. M. Devi, P. P. Das, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 84, 234 (1980). K. N. Rao kindly provided a complete listing of NO2 line positions and strengths obtained in this work.
[CrossRef]

Faris, J.

J. D. Rogers, M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Deming, J. J. Hillman, J. Faris, D. Zipoy, submitted to Science.

Faris, J. L.

Flaud, J. M.

J. M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, V. M. Devi, P. P. Das, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 84, 234 (1980). K. N. Rao kindly provided a complete listing of NO2 line positions and strengths obtained in this work.
[CrossRef]

Freed, C.

C. Freed, L. C. Bradley, R. G. O’Donnell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1195 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Grassel, H. J.

J. G. Anderson, H. J. Grassel, R. E. Shetter, J. J. Margitan, J. Geophys. Res. 85, 2869 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Halsey, G. W.

S. J. Daunt, A. K. Atakan, W. E. Blass, G. W. Halsey, D. E. Jennings, D. C. Reuter, J. Susskind, submitted to Astrophys. J.

Hardy, J. C.

J. W. Waters, J. C. Hardy, R. F. Jarnet, H. M. Pickett, Science 214, 61 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hillman, J. J.

T. Kostiuk, J. J. Hillman, J. L. Faris, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 89, 397 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Hillman, T. Kostiuk, D. Buhl, J. L. Faris, J. C. Novaco, M. J. Mumma, Opt. Lett. 1, 81 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Rogers, M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Deming, J. J. Hillman, J. Faris, D. Zipoy, submitted to Science.

Horneman, V.-M.

Jarnet, R. F.

J. W. Waters, J. C. Hardy, R. F. Jarnet, H. M. Pickett, Science 214, 61 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jennings, D. E.

S. J. Daunt, A. K. Atakan, W. E. Blass, G. W. Halsey, D. E. Jennings, D. C. Reuter, J. Susskind, submitted to Astrophys. J.

Jolma, K.

Kauppinen, J.

Kostiuk, T.

M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Buhl, G. Chin, D. Zipoy, Opt. Eng. 21, 313 (1982).
[CrossRef]

T. Kostiuk, J. J. Hillman, J. L. Faris, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 89, 397 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Hillman, T. Kostiuk, D. Buhl, J. L. Faris, J. C. Novaco, M. J. Mumma, Opt. Lett. 1, 81 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Rogers, M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Deming, J. J. Hillman, J. Faris, D. Zipoy, submitted to Science.

Lovas, F. J.

A. G. Maki, F. J. Lovas, W. B. Olson, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 92, 410 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Maki, A. G.

A. G. Maki, F. J. Lovas, W. B. Olson, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 92, 410 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Wells, F. R. Petersen, A. G. Maki, D. J. Sukle, Appl. Opt. 20, 1676 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Maki, Natl. Bureau of Standards; private communications (1982).

Margitan, J. J.

J. G. Anderson, H. J. Grassel, R. E. Shetter, J. J. Margitan, J. Geophys. Res. 85, 2869 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Menzies, R. T.

R. T. Menzies, Geophys. Res. Lett. 6, 151 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Menzies, California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory; private communication (1982).

Molina, M. J.

F. S. Rowland, M. J. Molina, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 13, 1 (1975). See also “Causes and Effects of Stratospheric Ozone Reduction: An Update,” Report to the NRC (National Academy of Science, Washington, D.C., 1982).
[CrossRef]

Mumma, M. J.

M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Buhl, G. Chin, D. Zipoy, Opt. Eng. 21, 313 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Hillman, T. Kostiuk, D. Buhl, J. L. Faris, J. C. Novaco, M. J. Mumma, Opt. Lett. 1, 81 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Rogers, M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Deming, J. J. Hillman, J. Faris, D. Zipoy, submitted to Science.

Novaco, J. C.

O’Donnell, R. G.

C. Freed, L. C. Bradley, R. G. O’Donnell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1195 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Olson, W. B.

A. G. Maki, F. J. Lovas, W. B. Olson, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 92, 410 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Parrish, A.

A. Parrish, R. L. De Zafra, P. M. Solomon, J. W. Barrett, E. R. Carlson, Science 211, 1158 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petersen, F. R.

Pickett, H. M.

J. W. Waters, J. C. Hardy, R. F. Jarnet, H. M. Pickett, Science 214, 61 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rao, K. N.

J. M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, V. M. Devi, P. P. Das, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 84, 234 (1980). K. N. Rao kindly provided a complete listing of NO2 line positions and strengths obtained in this work.
[CrossRef]

Reuter, D. C.

S. J. Daunt, A. K. Atakan, W. E. Blass, G. W. Halsey, D. E. Jennings, D. C. Reuter, J. Susskind, submitted to Astrophys. J.

Rogers, J. D.

J. D. Rogers, M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Deming, J. J. Hillman, J. Faris, D. Zipoy, submitted to Science.

Rowland, F. S.

F. S. Rowland, M. J. Molina, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 13, 1 (1975). See also “Causes and Effects of Stratospheric Ozone Reduction: An Update,” Report to the NRC (National Academy of Science, Washington, D.C., 1982).
[CrossRef]

Shetter, R. E.

J. G. Anderson, H. J. Grassel, R. E. Shetter, J. J. Margitan, J. Geophys. Res. 85, 2869 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, P. M.

A. Parrish, R. L. De Zafra, P. M. Solomon, J. W. Barrett, E. R. Carlson, Science 211, 1158 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sukle, D. J.

Susskind, J.

S. J. Daunt, A. K. Atakan, W. E. Blass, G. W. Halsey, D. E. Jennings, D. C. Reuter, J. Susskind, submitted to Astrophys. J.

Waters, J. W.

J. W. Waters, J. C. Hardy, R. F. Jarnet, H. M. Pickett, Science 214, 61 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wells, J. S.

Zipoy, D.

M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Buhl, G. Chin, D. Zipoy, Opt. Eng. 21, 313 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Rogers, M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Deming, J. J. Hillman, J. Faris, D. Zipoy, submitted to Science.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

R. T. Menzies, Geophys. Res. Lett. 6, 151 (1979).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Freed, L. C. Bradley, R. G. O’Donnell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1195 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

J. G. Anderson, H. J. Grassel, R. E. Shetter, J. J. Margitan, J. Geophys. Res. 85, 2869 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (3)

A. G. Maki, F. J. Lovas, W. B. Olson, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 92, 410 (1982).
[CrossRef]

T. Kostiuk, J. J. Hillman, J. L. Faris, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 89, 397 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, V. M. Devi, P. P. Das, K. N. Rao, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 84, 234 (1980). K. N. Rao kindly provided a complete listing of NO2 line positions and strengths obtained in this work.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Buhl, G. Chin, D. Zipoy, Opt. Eng. 21, 313 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. (1)

F. S. Rowland, M. J. Molina, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 13, 1 (1975). See also “Causes and Effects of Stratospheric Ozone Reduction: An Update,” Report to the NRC (National Academy of Science, Washington, D.C., 1982).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

A. Parrish, R. L. De Zafra, P. M. Solomon, J. W. Barrett, E. R. Carlson, Science 211, 1158 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Waters, J. C. Hardy, R. F. Jarnet, H. M. Pickett, Science 214, 61 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (5)

J. D. Rogers, M. J. Mumma, T. Kostiuk, D. Deming, J. J. Hillman, J. Faris, D. Zipoy, submitted to Science.

R. T. Menzies, California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory; private communication (1982).

A. G. Maki, Natl. Bureau of Standards; private communications (1982).

J. W. Brault, Kitt Peak National Observatory, and D. E. Jennings, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; private communications (1982).

S. J. Daunt, A. K. Atakan, W. E. Blass, G. W. Halsey, D. E. Jennings, D. C. Reuter, J. Susskind, submitted to Astrophys. J.

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