Abstract

The thermal lens technique has been used to measure absolute luminescent quantum yields of dyes in liquid and solid (PMMA) solutions. The validity of the approach has been established by measuring quantum yields of known compounds, and we stress the application to dye/polymer systems that would be suitable for luminescent solar concentrators. Our results for rhodamine 6G and Fluorol 555 give 0.93 ± 0.04 and 0.88 ± 0.03, respectively, for their quantum yield in PMMA.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. H. Weber, J. Lambe, Appl. Opt. 15, 2299 (1976).
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  2. A. Goetzberger, W. Greubel, Appl. Phys. 14, 123 (1977).
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  4. E. Yablonovitch, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 1362 (1980).
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  5. J. N. Demas, G. A. Crosby, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 991 (1971).
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  6. C. Hu, J. R. Whinnery, Appl. Opt. 12, 72 (1973).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. H. Brannon, D. Magde, J. Phys. Chem. 82, 705 (1978); D. Magde, J. H. Brannon, T. L. Cremers, J. Amsted, J. Phys. Chem. 83, 696 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. R. Whinnery, Acc. Chem. Res. 7, 225 (1974).
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  9. N. J. Dovichi, J. M. Harris, Anal. Chem. 53, 106 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. R. Bevington, Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969), Program 11-5.
  11. Polymerized by a proprietary process.
  12. W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 45, 177 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. V. Butenin, B. Ya. Kogan, N. V. Gundobin, Opt. Spectrosc. 47, 568 (1979); A. V. Aristov, F. N. Viktorova, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 34, 565 (1970); K. H. Drexhage, in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1977); B. B. Snavely, in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1977).
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  15. R. A. Velapoldi, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 76, 642 (1972).
  16. M. Lambropoulos, Opt. Commun. 15, 35 (1975).
    [CrossRef]

1981 (1)

N. J. Dovichi, J. M. Harris, Anal. Chem. 53, 106 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1979 (3)

J. S. Batchelder, A. H. Zewail, T. Cole, Appl. Opt. 18, 3090 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. V. Butenin, B. Ya. Kogan, N. V. Gundobin, Opt. Spectrosc. 47, 568 (1979); A. V. Aristov, F. N. Viktorova, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 34, 565 (1970); K. H. Drexhage, in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1977); B. B. Snavely, in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1977).

P. R. Hammond, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 3884 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

J. H. Brannon, D. Magde, J. Phys. Chem. 82, 705 (1978); D. Magde, J. H. Brannon, T. L. Cremers, J. Amsted, J. Phys. Chem. 83, 696 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1977 (2)

W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 45, 177 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. Goetzberger, W. Greubel, Appl. Phys. 14, 123 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

1975 (1)

M. Lambropoulos, Opt. Commun. 15, 35 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

J. R. Whinnery, Acc. Chem. Res. 7, 225 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

1972 (1)

R. A. Velapoldi, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 76, 642 (1972).

1971 (1)

J. N. Demas, G. A. Crosby, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 991 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Batchelder, J. S.

Bevington, P. R.

P. R. Bevington, Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969), Program 11-5.

Brannon, J. H.

J. H. Brannon, D. Magde, J. Phys. Chem. 82, 705 (1978); D. Magde, J. H. Brannon, T. L. Cremers, J. Amsted, J. Phys. Chem. 83, 696 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Butenin, W. V.

W. V. Butenin, B. Ya. Kogan, N. V. Gundobin, Opt. Spectrosc. 47, 568 (1979); A. V. Aristov, F. N. Viktorova, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 34, 565 (1970); K. H. Drexhage, in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1977); B. B. Snavely, in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1977).

Cole, T.

Crosby, G. A.

J. N. Demas, G. A. Crosby, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 991 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Demas, J. N.

J. N. Demas, G. A. Crosby, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 991 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Dovichi, N. J.

N. J. Dovichi, J. M. Harris, Anal. Chem. 53, 106 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Goetzberger, A.

A. Goetzberger, W. Greubel, Appl. Phys. 14, 123 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Greubel, W.

A. Goetzberger, W. Greubel, Appl. Phys. 14, 123 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Gundobin, N. V.

W. V. Butenin, B. Ya. Kogan, N. V. Gundobin, Opt. Spectrosc. 47, 568 (1979); A. V. Aristov, F. N. Viktorova, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 34, 565 (1970); K. H. Drexhage, in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1977); B. B. Snavely, in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1977).

Hammond, P. R.

P. R. Hammond, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 3884 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. M.

N. J. Dovichi, J. M. Harris, Anal. Chem. 53, 106 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hu, C.

Kogan, B. Ya.

W. V. Butenin, B. Ya. Kogan, N. V. Gundobin, Opt. Spectrosc. 47, 568 (1979); A. V. Aristov, F. N. Viktorova, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 34, 565 (1970); K. H. Drexhage, in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1977); B. B. Snavely, in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1977).

Lahmann, W.

W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 45, 177 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lambe, J.

Lambropoulos, M.

M. Lambropoulos, Opt. Commun. 15, 35 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Ludewig, H. J.

W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 45, 177 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Magde, D.

J. H. Brannon, D. Magde, J. Phys. Chem. 82, 705 (1978); D. Magde, J. H. Brannon, T. L. Cremers, J. Amsted, J. Phys. Chem. 83, 696 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Velapoldi, R. A.

R. A. Velapoldi, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 76, 642 (1972).

Weber, W. H.

Whinnery, J. R.

Yablonovitch, E.

Zewail, A. H.

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

J. R. Whinnery, Acc. Chem. Res. 7, 225 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

N. J. Dovichi, J. M. Harris, Anal. Chem. 53, 106 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Goetzberger, W. Greubel, Appl. Phys. 14, 123 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 45, 177 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

P. R. Hammond, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 3884 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Chem. (2)

J. N. Demas, G. A. Crosby, J. Phys. Chem. 75, 991 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Brannon, D. Magde, J. Phys. Chem. 82, 705 (1978); D. Magde, J. H. Brannon, T. L. Cremers, J. Amsted, J. Phys. Chem. 83, 696 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sect. A (1)

R. A. Velapoldi, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 76, 642 (1972).

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Lambropoulos, Opt. Commun. 15, 35 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

W. V. Butenin, B. Ya. Kogan, N. V. Gundobin, Opt. Spectrosc. 47, 568 (1979); A. V. Aristov, F. N. Viktorova, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 34, 565 (1970); K. H. Drexhage, in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1977); B. B. Snavely, in Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1977).

Other (2)

P. R. Bevington, Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969), Program 11-5.

Polymerized by a proprietary process.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of experimental apparatus.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical signals: (a) dual beam; (b) signal beam; +++, data; solid line, calculated from Eq. (3), both for crystal violet/methanol.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption and normalized corrected emission spectra for Fluorol 555 in PMMA at 2 × 10−4 M, 3.2-mm sample thickness.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Quantum Yields for Dyes in Methanol

Tables Icon

Table II Thermal Lens Parameters

Equations (7)

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f = k w 2 P A ( d n / d T ) ,
f ( t ) = f ( 1 + t c / 2 t ) ,
I ( t ) = I ( 0 ) [ 1 - θ / ( 1 + t c / 2 t ) + θ 2 / 2 ( 1 + t c / 2 t ) 2 ] - 1 ,
θ = A P d n / d T λ k ,
θ = ( 1 + 2 I ) 1 / 2 ,
Q f = ν L ν f ( 1 - A A p ) ,
Q f = ν L ν f ( 1 - A p ref θ samp A p samp θ ref ) .

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