The general belief that the sphere of equal volume provides a better approximation for the extinction cross section of a nonspherical particle than a sphere of equal surface area at small values of the size parameters is not correct. At some values of x, the equal volume sphere is a better approximation; at others, the equal surface area sphere is better. Details depend on the shape, size, and refractive index. For strongly absorbing particles at x > π, the extinction cross section of an equal volume sphere σEV provides the lower bound, and σEVSN/SEV (where SN is the surface area of considered nonspherical particle, and SEV is the surface area of equal volume sphere) provides the upper bound on the extinction cross section of an arbitrarily shaped nonspherical particle.
© 1982 Optical Society of America
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