Abstract

The optical transmission and indices of refraction for the cubic isomorph of ZrO2 stabilized with 12.0-mol % Y2O3 were measured at various temperatures and for a range of wavelengths from 0.36 to 5.1 μm. Index data to ±5 × 10−5 were fitted to a three-term Sellmeier equation. The value of ND = 2.15847. The dispersion NGNB = 0.06044, while that for NCNF = 0.03455. The temperature coefficient of the refractive index between 20 and 130°C varies from 1.6 × 10−5/K for 0.36-μm radiation to 0.62 × 10−5/K for 1.6-μm radiation.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. D. H. Donnay, H. M. Ondick, Crystal Data (U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C., 1973), Vol. 2, pp. M85, T107, H193, C91, C96.
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  7. A. G. Boganov, I. I. Cheremisin, V. S. Rudenko, Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 160, 1065 (1965).
  8. I. E. Campbell, E. M. Sherwood, Eds., High Temperature Materials and Technology (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 142.
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  11. J. F. Wenckus, W. P. Menashi, R. A. Castonguay, “Cold Crucible System,” U.S. Patent4,049,384, 20Sept.1977.
  12. K. Nassau, Lapidary J. 31, 900, 922 (1977); Lapidary J. 35, 1194 (1981).
  13. Z. I. Alexandrov, V. V. Osiko, V. M. Tatarintsev, V. T. Udovenchik, “Monocrystals Based on Stabilized Zirconium or Hafnium Dioxide and Method of Production Thereof,” U.S. Patent4,153,469, 8May1979.
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    [CrossRef]
  17. H. W. Thompson, Ed. IUPAC Tables of Wavenumbers for the Calibration of Infrared Spectrometers (Butterworths, Washington, 1961).
  18. L. E. Sutton, O. N. Stavroudis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 901 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Rosch, Opt. Acta 12, 253 (1965); W. G. Driscoll, Ed, Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978), pp. 7–82.
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Tsay, B. Bendow, S. S. Mitra, Phys. Rev. 138, 2688 (1973).

1982

D. L. Wood, J. W. Fleming, Jr. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 43 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1977

K. Nassau, Lapidary J. 31, 900, 922 (1977); Lapidary J. 35, 1194 (1981).

1976

E. Gubelin, “Djevalith-eine neue Diamant-Imitation” Z. Dtsch. Gemmol. Ges. 25(4), 204–210 (1976).

1973

Y. Tsay, B. Bendow, S. S. Mitra, Phys. Rev. 138, 2688 (1973).

1965

S. Rosch, Opt. Acta 12, 253 (1965); W. G. Driscoll, Ed, Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978), pp. 7–82.
[CrossRef]

A. G. Boganov, I. I. Cheremisin, V. S. Rudenko, Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 160, 1065 (1965).

D. K. Smith, H. W. Nekirk, Acta Crystallogr. 18, 983 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1962

G. Tenfer, Acta Crystallogr. 15, 1187 (1962).
[CrossRef]

1961

1959

J. Adam, M. D. Rogers, Acta Crystallogr. 12, 951 (1959).
[CrossRef]

1952

P. S. Duwez, F. Odell, F. H. Brown, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 35, 107 (1952).
[CrossRef]

1951

P. S. Duwez, F. H. Brown, F. Odell, J. Electrochem. Soc. 98, 356 (1951).
[CrossRef]

1937

M. V. Stackelberg, K. Chudoba, “Density and Structure of Zircon. II,” Z. Kristallogr. Mineral. 97, 252 (1937).

1926

W. P. Davey, Phys. Rev. 27, 798 (1926).

Adam, J.

J. Adam, M. D. Rogers, Acta Crystallogr. 12, 951 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Alexandrov, Z. I.

Z. I. Alexandrov, V. V. Osiko, V. M. Tatarintsev, V. T. Udovenchik, “Monocrystals Based on Stabilized Zirconium or Hafnium Dioxide and Method of Production Thereof,” U.S. Patent4,153,469, 8May1979.

Bendow, B.

Y. Tsay, B. Bendow, S. S. Mitra, Phys. Rev. 138, 2688 (1973).

Boganov, A. G.

A. G. Boganov, I. I. Cheremisin, V. S. Rudenko, Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 160, 1065 (1965).

Brown, F. H.

P. S. Duwez, F. Odell, F. H. Brown, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 35, 107 (1952).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Duwez, F. H. Brown, F. Odell, J. Electrochem. Soc. 98, 356 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Castonguay, R. A.

J. F. Wenckus, W. P. Menashi, R. A. Castonguay, “Cold Crucible System,” U.S. Patent4,049,384, 20Sept.1977.

Cheremisin, I. I.

A. G. Boganov, I. I. Cheremisin, V. S. Rudenko, Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 160, 1065 (1965).

Chudoba, K.

M. V. Stackelberg, K. Chudoba, “Density and Structure of Zircon. II,” Z. Kristallogr. Mineral. 97, 252 (1937).

Cohen, M. L.

J. F. Wenckus, M. L. Cohen, A. G. Emslie, W. P. Menashi, P. F. Strong, “Study, Design and Fabrication of a Cold Crucible System,” Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory Final report AFCRL-TR-75-0213, 31Mar.1975.

Davey, W. P.

W. P. Davey, Phys. Rev. 27, 798 (1926).

Donnay, J. D. H.

J. D. H. Donnay, H. M. Ondick, Crystal Data (U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C., 1973), Vol. 2, pp. M85, T107, H193, C91, C96.

Duwez, P. S.

P. S. Duwez, F. Odell, F. H. Brown, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 35, 107 (1952).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Duwez, F. H. Brown, F. Odell, J. Electrochem. Soc. 98, 356 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Emslie, A. G.

J. F. Wenckus, M. L. Cohen, A. G. Emslie, W. P. Menashi, P. F. Strong, “Study, Design and Fabrication of a Cold Crucible System,” Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory Final report AFCRL-TR-75-0213, 31Mar.1975.

Fleming, J. W.

D. L. Wood, J. W. Fleming, Jr. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 43 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gubelin, E.

E. Gubelin, “Djevalith-eine neue Diamant-Imitation” Z. Dtsch. Gemmol. Ges. 25(4), 204–210 (1976).

Menashi, W. P.

J. F. Wenckus, M. L. Cohen, A. G. Emslie, W. P. Menashi, P. F. Strong, “Study, Design and Fabrication of a Cold Crucible System,” Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory Final report AFCRL-TR-75-0213, 31Mar.1975.

J. F. Wenckus, W. P. Menashi, R. A. Castonguay, “Cold Crucible System,” U.S. Patent4,049,384, 20Sept.1977.

Mitra, S. S.

Y. Tsay, B. Bendow, S. S. Mitra, Phys. Rev. 138, 2688 (1973).

Nassau, K.

K. Nassau, Lapidary J. 31, 900, 922 (1977); Lapidary J. 35, 1194 (1981).

Nekirk, H. W.

D. K. Smith, H. W. Nekirk, Acta Crystallogr. 18, 983 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Odell, F.

P. S. Duwez, F. Odell, F. H. Brown, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 35, 107 (1952).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Duwez, F. H. Brown, F. Odell, J. Electrochem. Soc. 98, 356 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Ondick, H. M.

J. D. H. Donnay, H. M. Ondick, Crystal Data (U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C., 1973), Vol. 2, pp. M85, T107, H193, C91, C96.

Osiko, V. V.

Z. I. Alexandrov, V. V. Osiko, V. M. Tatarintsev, V. T. Udovenchik, “Monocrystals Based on Stabilized Zirconium or Hafnium Dioxide and Method of Production Thereof,” U.S. Patent4,153,469, 8May1979.

Rogers, M. D.

J. Adam, M. D. Rogers, Acta Crystallogr. 12, 951 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Rosch, S.

S. Rosch, Opt. Acta 12, 253 (1965); W. G. Driscoll, Ed, Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978), pp. 7–82.
[CrossRef]

Rudenko, V. S.

A. G. Boganov, I. I. Cheremisin, V. S. Rudenko, Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 160, 1065 (1965).

Smith, D. K.

D. K. Smith, H. W. Nekirk, Acta Crystallogr. 18, 983 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Stackelberg, M. V.

M. V. Stackelberg, K. Chudoba, “Density and Structure of Zircon. II,” Z. Kristallogr. Mineral. 97, 252 (1937).

Stavroudis, O. N.

Strong, P. F.

J. F. Wenckus, M. L. Cohen, A. G. Emslie, W. P. Menashi, P. F. Strong, “Study, Design and Fabrication of a Cold Crucible System,” Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory Final report AFCRL-TR-75-0213, 31Mar.1975.

Sutton, L. E.

Tatarintsev, V. M.

Z. I. Alexandrov, V. V. Osiko, V. M. Tatarintsev, V. T. Udovenchik, “Monocrystals Based on Stabilized Zirconium or Hafnium Dioxide and Method of Production Thereof,” U.S. Patent4,153,469, 8May1979.

Tenfer, G.

G. Tenfer, Acta Crystallogr. 15, 1187 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Tsay, Y.

Y. Tsay, B. Bendow, S. S. Mitra, Phys. Rev. 138, 2688 (1973).

Udovenchik, V. T.

Z. I. Alexandrov, V. V. Osiko, V. M. Tatarintsev, V. T. Udovenchik, “Monocrystals Based on Stabilized Zirconium or Hafnium Dioxide and Method of Production Thereof,” U.S. Patent4,153,469, 8May1979.

Wenckus, J. F.

J. F. Wenckus, M. L. Cohen, A. G. Emslie, W. P. Menashi, P. F. Strong, “Study, Design and Fabrication of a Cold Crucible System,” Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory Final report AFCRL-TR-75-0213, 31Mar.1975.

J. F. Wenckus, W. P. Menashi, R. A. Castonguay, “Cold Crucible System,” U.S. Patent4,049,384, 20Sept.1977.

Wood, D. L.

D. L. Wood, J. W. Fleming, Jr. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 43 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Acta Crystallogr.

J. Adam, M. D. Rogers, Acta Crystallogr. 12, 951 (1959).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Smith, H. W. Nekirk, Acta Crystallogr. 18, 983 (1965).
[CrossRef]

G. Tenfer, Acta Crystallogr. 15, 1187 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR

A. G. Boganov, I. I. Cheremisin, V. S. Rudenko, Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 160, 1065 (1965).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc.

P. S. Duwez, F. Odell, F. H. Brown, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 35, 107 (1952).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc.

P. S. Duwez, F. H. Brown, F. Odell, J. Electrochem. Soc. 98, 356 (1951).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Jr. Rev. Sci. Instrum.

D. L. Wood, J. W. Fleming, Jr. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 43 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Lapidary J.

K. Nassau, Lapidary J. 31, 900, 922 (1977); Lapidary J. 35, 1194 (1981).

Opt. Acta

S. Rosch, Opt. Acta 12, 253 (1965); W. G. Driscoll, Ed, Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978), pp. 7–82.
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

Y. Tsay, B. Bendow, S. S. Mitra, Phys. Rev. 138, 2688 (1973).

W. P. Davey, Phys. Rev. 27, 798 (1926).

Z. Dtsch. Gemmol. Ges.

E. Gubelin, “Djevalith-eine neue Diamant-Imitation” Z. Dtsch. Gemmol. Ges. 25(4), 204–210 (1976).

Z. Kristallogr. Mineral.

M. V. Stackelberg, K. Chudoba, “Density and Structure of Zircon. II,” Z. Kristallogr. Mineral. 97, 252 (1937).

Other

J. F. Wenckus, W. P. Menashi, R. A. Castonguay, “Cold Crucible System,” U.S. Patent4,049,384, 20Sept.1977.

I. E. Campbell, E. M. Sherwood, Eds., High Temperature Materials and Technology (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 142.

J. F. Wenckus, M. L. Cohen, A. G. Emslie, W. P. Menashi, P. F. Strong, “Study, Design and Fabrication of a Cold Crucible System,” Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory Final report AFCRL-TR-75-0213, 31Mar.1975.

Z. I. Alexandrov, V. V. Osiko, V. M. Tatarintsev, V. T. Udovenchik, “Monocrystals Based on Stabilized Zirconium or Hafnium Dioxide and Method of Production Thereof,” U.S. Patent4,153,469, 8May1979.

H. W. Thompson, Ed. IUPAC Tables of Wavenumbers for the Calibration of Infrared Spectrometers (Butterworths, Washington, 1961).

J. D. H. Donnay, H. M. Ondick, Crystal Data (U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C., 1973), Vol. 2, pp. M85, T107, H193, C91, C96.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical transmission of cubic zirconia as a function of wavelength.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Refractive index of cubic zirconia as a function of wavelength.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperature dependence of refractive index for the mercury blue line 0.435835 μm in cubic zirconia.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temperature coefficient of refractive index at various wavelengths for cubic zirconia.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Indices of Refraction of Cubic Zirconia at 25°C

Tables Icon

Table II Constants for Three-Term Sellmeler Equation for Refractive Indices of Cubic Zirconia at 25°C

Equations (2)

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α t = log 10 I 0 I - 2 log 10 | 1 - | n - 1 n + 1 | 2 | ,
n 2 - 1 = i = 1 3 A i λ 2 / ( λ 2 - L i 2 ) .

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