Abstract

A new configuration for laser beamsteering based on the photorefractive effect is presented. This method has the potential to produce several thousand beam positions, with a random access time of <1 msec. The method has a theoretical efficiency approaching 100%. The principles of device operation are presented, including a writing beam geometry which will allow the efficiency to be maintained over a wide field of view. A scheme for generating the required writing beams and results of a proof-of-concept experiment are presented.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. I. C. Chang, IEEE Trans. Son. Ultrason. SU-23, 2 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. A. Pinnow, IEEE Trans. Son. Ultrason. SU-18, 209 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. R. Shah, D. M. Kim, T. A. Rabson, F. K. Tittel, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5421 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Feinleib, D. S. Oliver, Appl. Opt. 11, 2752 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. P. Huignard, F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 591 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. P. Huignard, J. P. Herriau, P. Auborg, E. Spitz, Opt. Lett. 4, 21 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. A. Sprague, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1673 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. R. Packard, D. A. Campbell, W. C. Tait, G. H. Diersson, U.S. Patent3,757,250 (4Sept.1973).
  9. R. A. Myers, R. V. Pole, IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 502 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. D. Haun, J. D. Feichtner, “Method and Means for Controlling Population Inversion and Electronically Scanning Solid State Laser Output Deflections,” U.S. Patent3,992,681 (16Nov.1976).
  11. A. S. Nasibov, V. P. Papusha, V. I. Kozlovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 296 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Sargent, W. H. Swantner, J. D. Thomas, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 465 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

1980 (1)

M. Sargent, W. H. Swantner, J. D. Thomas, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 465 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1976 (3)

J. P. Huignard, F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 591 (1976).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Chang, IEEE Trans. Son. Ultrason. SU-23, 2 (1976).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Shah, D. M. Kim, T. A. Rabson, F. K. Tittel, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5421 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

R. A. Sprague, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1673 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

A. S. Nasibov, V. P. Papusha, V. I. Kozlovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 296 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

1971 (1)

D. A. Pinnow, IEEE Trans. Son. Ultrason. SU-18, 209 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

R. A. Myers, R. V. Pole, IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 502 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Auborg, P.

Campbell, D. A.

J. R. Packard, D. A. Campbell, W. C. Tait, G. H. Diersson, U.S. Patent3,757,250 (4Sept.1973).

Chang, I. C.

I. C. Chang, IEEE Trans. Son. Ultrason. SU-23, 2 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Diersson, G. H.

J. R. Packard, D. A. Campbell, W. C. Tait, G. H. Diersson, U.S. Patent3,757,250 (4Sept.1973).

Feichtner, J. D.

R. D. Haun, J. D. Feichtner, “Method and Means for Controlling Population Inversion and Electronically Scanning Solid State Laser Output Deflections,” U.S. Patent3,992,681 (16Nov.1976).

Feinleib, J.

Haun, R. D.

R. D. Haun, J. D. Feichtner, “Method and Means for Controlling Population Inversion and Electronically Scanning Solid State Laser Output Deflections,” U.S. Patent3,992,681 (16Nov.1976).

Herriau, J. P.

Huignard, J. P.

Kim, D. M.

R. R. Shah, D. M. Kim, T. A. Rabson, F. K. Tittel, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5421 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovskii, V. I.

A. S. Nasibov, V. P. Papusha, V. I. Kozlovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 296 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Micheron, F.

J. P. Huignard, F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 591 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Myers, R. A.

R. A. Myers, R. V. Pole, IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 502 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Nasibov, A. S.

A. S. Nasibov, V. P. Papusha, V. I. Kozlovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 296 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Oliver, D. S.

Packard, J. R.

J. R. Packard, D. A. Campbell, W. C. Tait, G. H. Diersson, U.S. Patent3,757,250 (4Sept.1973).

Papusha, V. P.

A. S. Nasibov, V. P. Papusha, V. I. Kozlovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 296 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Pinnow, D. A.

D. A. Pinnow, IEEE Trans. Son. Ultrason. SU-18, 209 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Pole, R. V.

R. A. Myers, R. V. Pole, IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 502 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Rabson, T. A.

R. R. Shah, D. M. Kim, T. A. Rabson, F. K. Tittel, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5421 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Sargent, M.

M. Sargent, W. H. Swantner, J. D. Thomas, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 465 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Shah, R. R.

R. R. Shah, D. M. Kim, T. A. Rabson, F. K. Tittel, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5421 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Spitz, E.

Sprague, R. A.

R. A. Sprague, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1673 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Swantner, W. H.

M. Sargent, W. H. Swantner, J. D. Thomas, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 465 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Tait, W. C.

J. R. Packard, D. A. Campbell, W. C. Tait, G. H. Diersson, U.S. Patent3,757,250 (4Sept.1973).

Thomas, J. D.

M. Sargent, W. H. Swantner, J. D. Thomas, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 465 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F. K.

R. R. Shah, D. M. Kim, T. A. Rabson, F. K. Tittel, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5421 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. P. Huignard, F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 591 (1976).
[CrossRef]

IBM J. Res. Dev. (1)

R. A. Myers, R. V. Pole, IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 502 (1967).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Sargent, W. H. Swantner, J. D. Thomas, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 465 (1980).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Son. Ultrason. (2)

I. C. Chang, IEEE Trans. Son. Ultrason. SU-23, 2 (1976).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Pinnow, IEEE Trans. Son. Ultrason. SU-18, 209 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

R. R. Shah, D. M. Kim, T. A. Rabson, F. K. Tittel, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5421 (1976).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Sprague, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1673 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. S. Nasibov, V. P. Papusha, V. I. Kozlovskii, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 296 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. D. Haun, J. D. Feichtner, “Method and Means for Controlling Population Inversion and Electronically Scanning Solid State Laser Output Deflections,” U.S. Patent3,992,681 (16Nov.1976).

J. R. Packard, D. A. Campbell, W. C. Tait, G. H. Diersson, U.S. Patent3,757,250 (4Sept.1973).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Geometry of writing and readout beams for photorefractive beamsteering.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

K-space diagrams illustrating advantage of new writing geometry: writing beams, W; incident beam, I; deflected beam, D.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical arrangement for generation of two writing beams.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Diffraction efficiency at 633 nm vs applied bias voltage.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Diffraction efficiency at 633 nm vs time for three different writing beam powers.

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