Abstract

With an improved water-base dye solvent and 24-W all-lines pumping from an argon laser, we have generated 5.6 W of stabilized single-frequency output from a ring laser in rhodamine 6G dye. With this solvent, a mixture of ammonyx-LO and ethylene glycol chilled to 10°C, thermal distortion of the jet no longer limits the dye laser output power, and the tuning curves reported here are all limited by available pump input levels. This single-frequency system has been optimized over the entire visible spectrum (407–887 nm), and results for the eleven best dyes are presented.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, B. B. Snavely, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. Yarborough, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 629 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. W. Schröder, L. Stein, D. Frölich, B. Fugger, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 14, 377 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. T. Pike, Opt. Commun. 10, 14 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  5. O. Teschke, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 513 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. F. Johnston, W. Proffitt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 483 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. M. Jarrett, J. F. Young, Opt. Lett. 4, 176 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. G. Marason, Opt. Commun. 37, 56 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Bloom, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 447 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. F. Johnston, W. Proffitt, U.S. Patent4,268, 800 (1981).
  11. T. F. Johnston, J. L. Hobart, R. C. Rempel, G. H. Williams, U.S. Patent4,150, 342 (1979).
  12. R. Pappalardo, H. Samelson, A. Lempicki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 267 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Available from Exciton Chemical Co., Inc., P.O. Box 3204, Dayton, Ohio 45431.
  14. B. Wellegehausen, L. Laepple, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 6, 335 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Leutwyler, E. Schumacher, L. Woste, Opt. Commun. 19, 197 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Stalla, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 565 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Onyx Chemical Co., Jersey City, N.J. 07302.
  18. Neslab Instruments Inc., 871 Islington St., Portsmouth, N.H. 03801.
  19. B. Braun AG Melsunger, available through VWR Scientific.
  20. T. F. Johnston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 310 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. W. Rigrod, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2602 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1975), Sec. 9.3.
  23. C. V. Shank, Rev. Mod. Phys. 47, 649 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  24. G. Marowsky, K. Kaufman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 207 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  25. W. Leeb, Appl. Phys. 6, 267 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  26. H. A. Pike, “Organic Dye Lasers,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Rochester (1971) (available from University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich.).
  27. H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, IEEE Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  28. G. Holtom, O. Teschke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 577 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  29. T. F. Johnston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 161 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  30. B. B. Snavely, “Continuous-Wave Dye Lasers,” in Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 1, Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1973), Chap. 2.
    [CrossRef]
  31. A. I. Ferguson, M. H. Dunn, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 751 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  32. A. I. Ferguson, M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 23, 177 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  33. C. E. Wagstaff, W. H. Dunn, J. Phys. D 12, 355 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  34. B. Couillaud, L. A. Bloomfield, J. E. Lawler, A. Siegel, T. W. Hansch, Opt. Commun. 35, 359 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  35. C. M. Marshall, R. E. Stickel, F. B. Dunning, F. K. Tittel, Appl. Opt. 19, 1980 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. M. Okada, S. Ieiri, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 469 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  37. Cleveland Crystals, 19306 Redwood Ave., Cleveland, Ohio 44110.
  38. P. Pappas, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; private communication.
  39. W. Huffer, R. Schieder, H. Telle, R. Raue, W. Brinkwerth, Opt. Commun. 35, 85 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

1981 (1)

E. G. Marason, Opt. Commun. 37, 56 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (4)

W. Huffer, R. Schieder, H. Telle, R. Raue, W. Brinkwerth, Opt. Commun. 35, 85 (1980).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Johnston, W. Proffitt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 483 (1980).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Marshall, R. E. Stickel, F. B. Dunning, F. K. Tittel, Appl. Opt. 19, 1980 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Couillaud, L. A. Bloomfield, J. E. Lawler, A. Siegel, T. W. Hansch, Opt. Commun. 35, 359 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

C. E. Wagstaff, W. H. Dunn, J. Phys. D 12, 355 (1979).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Jarrett, J. F. Young, Opt. Lett. 4, 176 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978 (1)

L. Stalla, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 565 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (3)

A. I. Ferguson, M. H. Dunn, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 751 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Ferguson, M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 23, 177 (1977).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Schröder, L. Stein, D. Frölich, B. Fugger, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 14, 377 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (4)

O. Teschke, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 513 (1976).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Johnston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 310 (1976).
[CrossRef]

S. Leutwyler, E. Schumacher, L. Woste, Opt. Commun. 19, 197 (1976).
[CrossRef]

G. Marowsky, K. Kaufman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 207 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (3)

W. Leeb, Appl. Phys. 6, 267 (1975).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Shank, Rev. Mod. Phys. 47, 649 (1975).
[CrossRef]

B. Wellegehausen, L. Laepple, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 6, 335 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (4)

G. Holtom, O. Teschke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 577 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Yarborough, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 629 (1974).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Pike, Opt. Commun. 10, 14 (1974).
[CrossRef]

A. Bloom, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 447 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, IEEE Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

M. Okada, S. Ieiri, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 469 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (3)

R. Pappalardo, H. Samelson, A. Lempicki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 267 (1970).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, B. B. Snavely, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245 (1970).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Johnston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 161 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

W. W. Rigrod, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2602 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, A.

Bloomfield, L. A.

B. Couillaud, L. A. Bloomfield, J. E. Lawler, A. Siegel, T. W. Hansch, Opt. Commun. 35, 359 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Brinkwerth, W.

W. Huffer, R. Schieder, H. Telle, R. Raue, W. Brinkwerth, Opt. Commun. 35, 85 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Couillaud, B.

B. Couillaud, L. A. Bloomfield, J. E. Lawler, A. Siegel, T. W. Hansch, Opt. Commun. 35, 359 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Dienes, A.

O. Teschke, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 513 (1976).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, IEEE Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M. H.

A. I. Ferguson, M. H. Dunn, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 751 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Ferguson, M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 23, 177 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, W. H.

C. E. Wagstaff, W. H. Dunn, J. Phys. D 12, 355 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Dunning, F. B.

Ferguson, A. I.

A. I. Ferguson, M. H. Dunn, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 751 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Ferguson, M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 23, 177 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Frölich, D.

H. W. Schröder, L. Stein, D. Frölich, B. Fugger, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 14, 377 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Fugger, B.

H. W. Schröder, L. Stein, D. Frölich, B. Fugger, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 14, 377 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Hansch, T. W.

B. Couillaud, L. A. Bloomfield, J. E. Lawler, A. Siegel, T. W. Hansch, Opt. Commun. 35, 359 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hobart, J. L.

T. F. Johnston, J. L. Hobart, R. C. Rempel, G. H. Williams, U.S. Patent4,150, 342 (1979).

Holtom, G.

G. Holtom, O. Teschke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 577 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Huffer, W.

W. Huffer, R. Schieder, H. Telle, R. Raue, W. Brinkwerth, Opt. Commun. 35, 85 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ieiri, S.

M. Okada, S. Ieiri, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 469 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, IEEE Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Jarrett, S. M.

Johnston, T. F.

T. F. Johnston, W. Proffitt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 483 (1980).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Johnston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 310 (1976).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Johnston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 161 (1970).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Johnston, J. L. Hobart, R. C. Rempel, G. H. Williams, U.S. Patent4,150, 342 (1979).

T. F. Johnston, W. Proffitt, U.S. Patent4,268, 800 (1981).

Kaufman, K.

G. Marowsky, K. Kaufman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 207 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H. W.

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, IEEE Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Laepple, L.

B. Wellegehausen, L. Laepple, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 6, 335 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Lawler, J. E.

B. Couillaud, L. A. Bloomfield, J. E. Lawler, A. Siegel, T. W. Hansch, Opt. Commun. 35, 359 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Leeb, W.

W. Leeb, Appl. Phys. 6, 267 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Lempicki, A.

R. Pappalardo, H. Samelson, A. Lempicki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 267 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Leutwyler, S.

S. Leutwyler, E. Schumacher, L. Woste, Opt. Commun. 19, 197 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Marason, E. G.

E. G. Marason, Opt. Commun. 37, 56 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Marowsky, G.

G. Marowsky, K. Kaufman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 207 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, C. M.

Okada, M.

M. Okada, S. Ieiri, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 469 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Pappalardo, R.

R. Pappalardo, H. Samelson, A. Lempicki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 267 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Pappas, P.

P. Pappas, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; private communication.

Peterson, O. G.

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, B. B. Snavely, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Pike, C. T.

C. T. Pike, Opt. Commun. 10, 14 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Pike, H. A.

H. A. Pike, “Organic Dye Lasers,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Rochester (1971) (available from University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich.).

Proffitt, W.

T. F. Johnston, W. Proffitt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 483 (1980).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Johnston, W. Proffitt, U.S. Patent4,268, 800 (1981).

Raue, R.

W. Huffer, R. Schieder, H. Telle, R. Raue, W. Brinkwerth, Opt. Commun. 35, 85 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Rempel, R. C.

T. F. Johnston, J. L. Hobart, R. C. Rempel, G. H. Williams, U.S. Patent4,150, 342 (1979).

Rigrod, W. W.

W. W. Rigrod, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2602 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Samelson, H.

R. Pappalardo, H. Samelson, A. Lempicki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 267 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Schieder, R.

W. Huffer, R. Schieder, H. Telle, R. Raue, W. Brinkwerth, Opt. Commun. 35, 85 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, H. W.

H. W. Schröder, L. Stein, D. Frölich, B. Fugger, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 14, 377 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Schumacher, E.

S. Leutwyler, E. Schumacher, L. Woste, Opt. Commun. 19, 197 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

C. V. Shank, Rev. Mod. Phys. 47, 649 (1975).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, IEEE Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, A.

B. Couillaud, L. A. Bloomfield, J. E. Lawler, A. Siegel, T. W. Hansch, Opt. Commun. 35, 359 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Snavely, B. B.

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, B. B. Snavely, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245 (1970).
[CrossRef]

B. B. Snavely, “Continuous-Wave Dye Lasers,” in Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 1, Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1973), Chap. 2.
[CrossRef]

Stalla, L.

L. Stalla, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 565 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Stein, L.

H. W. Schröder, L. Stein, D. Frölich, B. Fugger, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 14, 377 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Stickel, R. E.

Telle, H.

W. Huffer, R. Schieder, H. Telle, R. Raue, W. Brinkwerth, Opt. Commun. 35, 85 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Teschke, O.

O. Teschke, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 513 (1976).
[CrossRef]

G. Holtom, O. Teschke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 577 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F. K.

Tuccio, S. A.

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, B. B. Snavely, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Wagstaff, C. E.

C. E. Wagstaff, W. H. Dunn, J. Phys. D 12, 355 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wellegehausen, B.

B. Wellegehausen, L. Laepple, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 6, 335 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Welling, H.

H. W. Schröder, L. Stein, D. Frölich, B. Fugger, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 14, 377 (1977).
[CrossRef]

B. Wellegehausen, L. Laepple, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 6, 335 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Whinnery, J. R.

O. Teschke, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 513 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Williams, G. H.

T. F. Johnston, J. L. Hobart, R. C. Rempel, G. H. Williams, U.S. Patent4,150, 342 (1979).

Woste, L.

S. Leutwyler, E. Schumacher, L. Woste, Opt. Commun. 19, 197 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Yarborough, J. M.

J. M. Yarborough, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 629 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1975), Sec. 9.3.

Young, J. F.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. (3)

B. Wellegehausen, L. Laepple, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 6, 335 (1975).
[CrossRef]

W. Leeb, Appl. Phys. 6, 267 (1975).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Schröder, L. Stein, D. Frölich, B. Fugger, H. Welling, Appl. Phys. 14, 377 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, B. B. Snavely, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Yarborough, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 629 (1974).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Johnston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 161 (1970).
[CrossRef]

R. Pappalardo, H. Samelson, A. Lempicki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 267 (1970).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (8)

L. Stalla, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 565 (1978).
[CrossRef]

G. Marowsky, K. Kaufman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 207 (1976).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Johnston, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 310 (1976).
[CrossRef]

G. Holtom, O. Teschke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 577 (1974).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Ferguson, M. H. Dunn, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 751 (1977).
[CrossRef]

O. Teschke, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 513 (1976).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Johnston, W. Proffitt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 483 (1980).
[CrossRef]

M. Okada, S. Ieiri, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 469 (1971).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Quantum Electron. (1)

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, IEEE Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. W. Rigrod, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2602 (1963).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

C. E. Wagstaff, W. H. Dunn, J. Phys. D 12, 355 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (6)

B. Couillaud, L. A. Bloomfield, J. E. Lawler, A. Siegel, T. W. Hansch, Opt. Commun. 35, 359 (1980).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Ferguson, M. H. Dunn, Opt. Commun. 23, 177 (1977).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Pike, Opt. Commun. 10, 14 (1974).
[CrossRef]

S. Leutwyler, E. Schumacher, L. Woste, Opt. Commun. 19, 197 (1976).
[CrossRef]

W. Huffer, R. Schieder, H. Telle, R. Raue, W. Brinkwerth, Opt. Commun. 35, 85 (1980).
[CrossRef]

E. G. Marason, Opt. Commun. 37, 56 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

C. V. Shank, Rev. Mod. Phys. 47, 649 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Other (11)

H. A. Pike, “Organic Dye Lasers,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Rochester (1971) (available from University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich.).

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1975), Sec. 9.3.

Onyx Chemical Co., Jersey City, N.J. 07302.

Neslab Instruments Inc., 871 Islington St., Portsmouth, N.H. 03801.

B. Braun AG Melsunger, available through VWR Scientific.

Available from Exciton Chemical Co., Inc., P.O. Box 3204, Dayton, Ohio 45431.

T. F. Johnston, W. Proffitt, U.S. Patent4,268, 800 (1981).

T. F. Johnston, J. L. Hobart, R. C. Rempel, G. H. Williams, U.S. Patent4,150, 342 (1979).

Cleveland Crystals, 19306 Redwood Ave., Cleveland, Ohio 44110.

P. Pappas, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; private communication.

B. B. Snavely, “Continuous-Wave Dye Lasers,” in Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 1, Dye Lasers, F. P. Schafer, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1973), Chap. 2.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Ring dye laser schematic. The ring laser cavity is formed by four mirrors: three high reflectors and the output mirror. The function of the pick-off rhomb is explained in Ref. 6. The remaining intracavity optics are explained in the text. The beam splitter is an uncoated 10-mm thick flat of silica, mounted at 45° (p polarization) in the output beam. Less than 1% of the output power is delivered in each beam to the reference cavity and normalizing channel for active stabilization. The stabilization method is explained in the text and references.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Model for thermal focusing in a dye laser jet: (a) derivation of the figure of merit for thermal lensing; (b) plot of index of refraction vs temperature for ethylene glycol, water, and the AMX recipe.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparisons of the wavelength dependences of the gain and saturation intensity derived from these experiments with plane-wave theory for rhodamine-6G in AMX solvent at 24-W pumping: (a) broadband and single-frequency output powers; (b) measured optimum coupling; (c) comparison of experimental gain with theory; (d) comparison of experimental saturation intensity with theory. The scalings required to fit our results with the published theory are explained in the text.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Single-frequency tuning curves obtained with the CR-669-21 dye laser. The eleven highest power dyes and the best locked tuning curve for intracavity SHG are shown. See Table II for pump powers and wavelengths, dye solvents, and optics used. Table I gives data and results derived from the peaks of these curves, and Table III explains all the abbreviations.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table I Output Powers, Optimum Coupling, Gain, and Saturation Intensity at Each Tuning Curve Peak

Tables Icon

Table II Pump Conditions, Solvents, and Optics for the High-Power Tuning Curve Set

Tables Icon

Table III Abbreviations Used for Dyes, Pump Lines, Solvents, and Optics

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P out = t ( π w D 2 I s ) ( k 0 L a + t 1 ) ,
t 0 = a ( k 0 L a 1 ) ,
k 0 L = a ( t 0 a + 1 ) 2 .
P opt = π w D 2 I s ( t 0 2 / a ) .
I s = P opt π w D 2 ( a t 0 2 ) .
π w D 2 = λ D R F 2 4 ( 2 d 2 R F ) = λ D ( nm ) 600 nm ( 11.3 × 10 6 cm 2 ) for R F = 10 cm = λ D ( nm ) 600 nm ( 6.26 × 10 6 cm 2 ) for R F = 7.5 cm ,
t 1 , 2 = t 0 [ 1 + t 0 ( 1 f ) 2 a ] { 1 ± 1 4 f [ 2 + t 0 a ( 1 f ) ] 2 } ,
k 0 L = NL [ σ p I p ( σ e σ a ) σ p I p + hc λ p ( 1 / τ ϕ ) ] ,
I s = σ p I p ( λ p / λ D ) + hc λ D ( 1 / τ ϕ ) σ e + σ a ,

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