Abstract

A prototype system was constructed to determine the total carbon content of ambient aerosols trapped on quartz fiber filters. The measurement technique is based on carbon combustion to CO2, cryogenic preconcentration, and subsequent photoacoustic monitoring of produced CO2. A common sample set was independently analyzed by two established combustion method instruments and the photoacoustic system. Statistical comparison of data showed good agreement with accepted carbon values indicating feasibility for photoacoustic application to routine carbon analysis.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. D. Hansen, H. Rosen, R. L. Dod, T. Novakov, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.
  2. R. E. Weiss, A. P. Waggoner, R. J. Charlson, D. L. Thorsell, J. S. Hall, L. A. Riley, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.
  3. J. A. Cooper, J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 30, 855 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  4. For examples, see “Chemical Structure and Biological Effects,” in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.
  5. R. K. Stevens, W. A. McClenny, T. G. Dzubay, M. A. Mason, W. J. Courtney, in Proceedings, International Symposium on Particulate Carbon (General Motors Symposium Series, Warren, Mich., 1980).
  6. M. A. Mason, J. W. Tesch, “Carbon Analysis on the Dohrmann DC50 Envirotech Organic Analyzer”; Progress Report ES-TN-81-02 (Northrop Services, Inc., Environmental Sciences, Research Triangle Park, N.C., 1981).
  7. R. K. Patterson, Anal. Chem. 45, 605 (1973).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. V. Smith, R. W. Shaw, R. J. Paur, “Statistics of Comparison: the Bartlett Method” (unpublished manuscript).

1980 (1)

J. A. Cooper, J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 30, 855 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

R. K. Patterson, Anal. Chem. 45, 605 (1973).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Charlson, R. J.

R. E. Weiss, A. P. Waggoner, R. J. Charlson, D. L. Thorsell, J. S. Hall, L. A. Riley, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.

Cooper, J. A.

J. A. Cooper, J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 30, 855 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Courtney, W. J.

R. K. Stevens, W. A. McClenny, T. G. Dzubay, M. A. Mason, W. J. Courtney, in Proceedings, International Symposium on Particulate Carbon (General Motors Symposium Series, Warren, Mich., 1980).

Dod, R. L.

A. D. Hansen, H. Rosen, R. L. Dod, T. Novakov, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.

Dzubay, T. G.

R. K. Stevens, W. A. McClenny, T. G. Dzubay, M. A. Mason, W. J. Courtney, in Proceedings, International Symposium on Particulate Carbon (General Motors Symposium Series, Warren, Mich., 1980).

Hall, J. S.

R. E. Weiss, A. P. Waggoner, R. J. Charlson, D. L. Thorsell, J. S. Hall, L. A. Riley, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.

Hansen, A. D.

A. D. Hansen, H. Rosen, R. L. Dod, T. Novakov, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.

Mason, M. A.

R. K. Stevens, W. A. McClenny, T. G. Dzubay, M. A. Mason, W. J. Courtney, in Proceedings, International Symposium on Particulate Carbon (General Motors Symposium Series, Warren, Mich., 1980).

M. A. Mason, J. W. Tesch, “Carbon Analysis on the Dohrmann DC50 Envirotech Organic Analyzer”; Progress Report ES-TN-81-02 (Northrop Services, Inc., Environmental Sciences, Research Triangle Park, N.C., 1981).

McClenny, W. A.

R. K. Stevens, W. A. McClenny, T. G. Dzubay, M. A. Mason, W. J. Courtney, in Proceedings, International Symposium on Particulate Carbon (General Motors Symposium Series, Warren, Mich., 1980).

Novakov, T.

A. D. Hansen, H. Rosen, R. L. Dod, T. Novakov, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.

Patterson, R. K.

R. K. Patterson, Anal. Chem. 45, 605 (1973).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paur, R. J.

M. V. Smith, R. W. Shaw, R. J. Paur, “Statistics of Comparison: the Bartlett Method” (unpublished manuscript).

Riley, L. A.

R. E. Weiss, A. P. Waggoner, R. J. Charlson, D. L. Thorsell, J. S. Hall, L. A. Riley, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.

Rosen, H.

A. D. Hansen, H. Rosen, R. L. Dod, T. Novakov, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.

Shaw, R. W.

M. V. Smith, R. W. Shaw, R. J. Paur, “Statistics of Comparison: the Bartlett Method” (unpublished manuscript).

Smith, M. V.

M. V. Smith, R. W. Shaw, R. J. Paur, “Statistics of Comparison: the Bartlett Method” (unpublished manuscript).

Stevens, R. K.

R. K. Stevens, W. A. McClenny, T. G. Dzubay, M. A. Mason, W. J. Courtney, in Proceedings, International Symposium on Particulate Carbon (General Motors Symposium Series, Warren, Mich., 1980).

Tesch, J. W.

M. A. Mason, J. W. Tesch, “Carbon Analysis on the Dohrmann DC50 Envirotech Organic Analyzer”; Progress Report ES-TN-81-02 (Northrop Services, Inc., Environmental Sciences, Research Triangle Park, N.C., 1981).

Thorsell, D. L.

R. E. Weiss, A. P. Waggoner, R. J. Charlson, D. L. Thorsell, J. S. Hall, L. A. Riley, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.

Waggoner, A. P.

R. E. Weiss, A. P. Waggoner, R. J. Charlson, D. L. Thorsell, J. S. Hall, L. A. Riley, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.

Weiss, R. E.

R. E. Weiss, A. P. Waggoner, R. J. Charlson, D. L. Thorsell, J. S. Hall, L. A. Riley, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.

Anal. Chem. (1)

R. K. Patterson, Anal. Chem. 45, 605 (1973).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. (1)

J. A. Cooper, J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 30, 855 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

For examples, see “Chemical Structure and Biological Effects,” in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.

R. K. Stevens, W. A. McClenny, T. G. Dzubay, M. A. Mason, W. J. Courtney, in Proceedings, International Symposium on Particulate Carbon (General Motors Symposium Series, Warren, Mich., 1980).

M. A. Mason, J. W. Tesch, “Carbon Analysis on the Dohrmann DC50 Envirotech Organic Analyzer”; Progress Report ES-TN-81-02 (Northrop Services, Inc., Environmental Sciences, Research Triangle Park, N.C., 1981).

M. V. Smith, R. W. Shaw, R. J. Paur, “Statistics of Comparison: the Bartlett Method” (unpublished manuscript).

A. D. Hansen, H. Rosen, R. L. Dod, T. Novakov, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.

R. E. Weiss, A. P. Waggoner, R. J. Charlson, D. L. Thorsell, J. S. Hall, L. A. Riley, in Proceedings, Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif., 1979), LBL-9037.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement of the prototype photoacoustic system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of photoacoustic measurements with measurements by established carbon quantitation techniques.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Statistical Regression Comparisons of Independent Measurements Performed by Three Different Carbon Combustion Instruments

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