Abstract

Spectrooptical and water quality data collected from a 1979 coordinated in situ and airborne study of western Lake Ontario are used to devise a five-component model from which subsurface chlorophyll a and suspended solids concentrations may be determined from submersible optical sensors capable of measuring spectral irradiance reflectance just beneath the free-surface layer. A water–air interface model, which incorporates the effects of surface reflection, is also presented in an attempt to extend such water quality estimations to low altitude remote sensors. Special emphasis is given to the spectral wavelength bands of the Coastal Zone Color Scanner aboard Nimbus-7.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, W. D. McColl, R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 208, 178 (1980).
  2. H. H. Zwick, S. C. Jain, R. P. Bukata, in Proceedings, ISPRA Workshop on the EURASEP Ocean Color Scanner Experiments, Italy (1980), pp. 181–198.
  3. J. D. H. Strickland, T. R. Parsons, Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 167, 185 (1972).
  4. R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, Appl. Opt. 28, 000 (1981), this issue.
  5. H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, M. M. Jacobs, Appl. Opt. 14, 417 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. C. Jain, J. R. Miller, Appl. Opt. 15, 866 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, Appl. Opt. 19, 2487 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. W. Austin, in Optical Aspects of Oceanography, N. G. Jerlov, E. S. Nielson, Eds. (Academic, London, 1974), Chap. 14, p. 317.
  9. S. Q. Duntley, R. W. Austin, W. H. Wilson, C. F. Edgerton, S. E. Moran, “Ocean Color Analysis” (Visibility Lab., U. California at San Diego, 1974), SIO Ref. 74–10.
  10. C. Cox, W. Munk, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44, 838 (1954).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. G. Jerlov, Optical Oceanography (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1968).

1981 (1)

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, Appl. Opt. 28, 000 (1981), this issue.

1980 (2)

S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, W. D. McColl, R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 208, 178 (1980).

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, Appl. Opt. 19, 2487 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1976 (1)

S. C. Jain, J. R. Miller, Appl. Opt. 15, 866 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

1972 (1)

J. D. H. Strickland, T. R. Parsons, Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 167, 185 (1972).

1954 (1)

Austin, R. W.

R. W. Austin, in Optical Aspects of Oceanography, N. G. Jerlov, E. S. Nielson, Eds. (Academic, London, 1974), Chap. 14, p. 317.

S. Q. Duntley, R. W. Austin, W. H. Wilson, C. F. Edgerton, S. E. Moran, “Ocean Color Analysis” (Visibility Lab., U. California at San Diego, 1974), SIO Ref. 74–10.

Brown, O. B.

Bruton, J. E.

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, Appl. Opt. 28, 000 (1981), this issue.

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, Appl. Opt. 19, 2487 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bukata, R. P.

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, Appl. Opt. 28, 000 (1981), this issue.

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, Appl. Opt. 19, 2487 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, W. D. McColl, R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 208, 178 (1980).

H. H. Zwick, S. C. Jain, R. P. Bukata, in Proceedings, ISPRA Workshop on the EURASEP Ocean Color Scanner Experiments, Italy (1980), pp. 181–198.

Cox, C.

Duntley, S. Q.

S. Q. Duntley, R. W. Austin, W. H. Wilson, C. F. Edgerton, S. E. Moran, “Ocean Color Analysis” (Visibility Lab., U. California at San Diego, 1974), SIO Ref. 74–10.

Edgerton, C. F.

S. Q. Duntley, R. W. Austin, W. H. Wilson, C. F. Edgerton, S. E. Moran, “Ocean Color Analysis” (Visibility Lab., U. California at San Diego, 1974), SIO Ref. 74–10.

Gordon, H. R.

Jacobs, M. M.

Jain, S. C.

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, Appl. Opt. 28, 000 (1981), this issue.

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, Appl. Opt. 19, 2487 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, W. D. McColl, R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 208, 178 (1980).

S. C. Jain, J. R. Miller, Appl. Opt. 15, 866 (1976).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Zwick, S. C. Jain, R. P. Bukata, in Proceedings, ISPRA Workshop on the EURASEP Ocean Color Scanner Experiments, Italy (1980), pp. 181–198.

Jerlov, N. G.

N. G. Jerlov, Optical Oceanography (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1968).

Jerome, J. H.

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, Appl. Opt. 28, 000 (1981), this issue.

S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, W. D. McColl, R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 208, 178 (1980).

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, Appl. Opt. 19, 2487 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McColl, W. D.

S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, W. D. McColl, R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 208, 178 (1980).

Miller, J. R.

S. C. Jain, J. R. Miller, Appl. Opt. 15, 866 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Moran, S. E.

S. Q. Duntley, R. W. Austin, W. H. Wilson, C. F. Edgerton, S. E. Moran, “Ocean Color Analysis” (Visibility Lab., U. California at San Diego, 1974), SIO Ref. 74–10.

Munk, W.

Parsons, T. R.

J. D. H. Strickland, T. R. Parsons, Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 167, 185 (1972).

Strickland, J. D. H.

J. D. H. Strickland, T. R. Parsons, Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 167, 185 (1972).

Wilson, W. H.

S. Q. Duntley, R. W. Austin, W. H. Wilson, C. F. Edgerton, S. E. Moran, “Ocean Color Analysis” (Visibility Lab., U. California at San Diego, 1974), SIO Ref. 74–10.

Zwick, H. H.

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, Appl. Opt. 28, 000 (1981), this issue.

S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, W. D. McColl, R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 208, 178 (1980).

H. H. Zwick, S. C. Jain, R. P. Bukata, in Proceedings, ISPRA Workshop on the EURASEP Ocean Color Scanner Experiments, Italy (1980), pp. 181–198.

Appl. Opt. (4)

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, Appl. Opt. 28, 000 (1981), this issue.

S. C. Jain, J. R. Miller, Appl. Opt. 15, 866 (1976).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, M. M. Jacobs, Appl. Opt. 14, 417 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, Appl. Opt. 19, 2487 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. (1)

J. D. H. Strickland, T. R. Parsons, Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 167, 185 (1972).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

S. C. Jain, H. H. Zwick, W. D. McColl, R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 208, 178 (1980).

Other (4)

H. H. Zwick, S. C. Jain, R. P. Bukata, in Proceedings, ISPRA Workshop on the EURASEP Ocean Color Scanner Experiments, Italy (1980), pp. 181–198.

R. W. Austin, in Optical Aspects of Oceanography, N. G. Jerlov, E. S. Nielson, Eds. (Academic, London, 1974), Chap. 14, p. 317.

S. Q. Duntley, R. W. Austin, W. H. Wilson, C. F. Edgerton, S. E. Moran, “Ocean Color Analysis” (Visibility Lab., U. California at San Diego, 1974), SIO Ref. 74–10.

N. G. Jerlov, Optical Oceanography (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1968).

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