Abstract

A five-component optical model of Lake Ontario is discussed in terms of unique organics (as represented by chlorophyll a), unique inorganics (as represented by total suspended minerals), unique nonliving organics, and unique dissolved organics. Direct measurements of the irradiance attenuation coefficient K(0), the diffuse reflectance R(0), and the total atttenuation coefficient c are used in conjunction with simulated solutions of the radiative transfer equations to determine the inherent optical properties of the water masses. Multiple regressions between these inherent optical properties and directly measured water quality data are then performed to determine the absorption, scattering, and backscattering cross sections of the organic and inorganic components.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, Appl. Opt. 18, 3926 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, M. M. Jacobs, Appl. Opt. 14, 417 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. M. DiToro, Water Res. 12, 1059 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. S. Yentsch, Deep Sea Res. 7, 1 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Shibata, A. A. Benson, M. Calvin, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 15, 461 (1954).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, Limnol. Oceanogr. 23, 260 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Morel, L. Prieur, Limnol. Oceanogr. 22, 709 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. H. Wilson, D. A. Kiefer, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24, 673 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. A. Kiefer, R. J. Olson, W. H. Wilson, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24, 664 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Doerffer, Arch. Hydrobiol. 43, 119 (1979).
  11. R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, E. B. Bennett, J. Great Lakes Res. 4, 456 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. M. Burns, Canada Centre for Inland Waters; private communication (1980).
  13. W. A. Glooschenko, J. E. Moore, R. A. Vollenweider, Limnol. Oceanogr. 17, 597 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. H. F. Watson, Canada Centre for Inland Waters; private communication (1980).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. C. Jain, “An Interpretation of the Spectral Reflectance of Natural Water,” Ph.D. Thesis, York University (1976).

1979 (4)

W. H. Wilson, D. A. Kiefer, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24, 673 (1979).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Kiefer, R. J. Olson, W. H. Wilson, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24, 664 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. Doerffer, Arch. Hydrobiol. 43, 119 (1979).

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, Appl. Opt. 18, 3926 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978 (3)

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, E. B. Bennett, J. Great Lakes Res. 4, 456 (1978).
[CrossRef]

D. M. DiToro, Water Res. 12, 1059 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, Limnol. Oceanogr. 23, 260 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

A. Morel, L. Prieur, Limnol. Oceanogr. 22, 709 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

1975 (1)

1972 (1)

W. A. Glooschenko, J. E. Moore, R. A. Vollenweider, Limnol. Oceanogr. 17, 597 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

C. S. Yentsch, Deep Sea Res. 7, 1 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1954 (1)

K. Shibata, A. A. Benson, M. Calvin, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 15, 461 (1954).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1945 (1)

Baker, K. S.

R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, Limnol. Oceanogr. 23, 260 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, E. B.

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, E. B. Bennett, J. Great Lakes Res. 4, 456 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Benson, A. A.

K. Shibata, A. A. Benson, M. Calvin, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 15, 461 (1954).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, O. B.

Bruton, J. E.

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, Appl. Opt. 18, 3926 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, E. B. Bennett, J. Great Lakes Res. 4, 456 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bukata, R. P.

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, Appl. Opt. 18, 3926 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, E. B. Bennett, J. Great Lakes Res. 4, 456 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Burns, N. M.

N. M. Burns, Canada Centre for Inland Waters; private communication (1980).

Calvin, M.

K. Shibata, A. A. Benson, M. Calvin, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 15, 461 (1954).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DiToro, D. M.

D. M. DiToro, Water Res. 12, 1059 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Doerffer, R.

R. Doerffer, Arch. Hydrobiol. 43, 119 (1979).

Glooschenko, W. A.

W. A. Glooschenko, J. E. Moore, R. A. Vollenweider, Limnol. Oceanogr. 17, 597 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, H. R.

Hulbert, E. A.

Jacobs, M. M.

Jain, S. C.

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, Appl. Opt. 18, 3926 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Jain, J. R. Miller, Appl. Opt. 15, 886 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Jain, “An Interpretation of the Spectral Reflectance of Natural Water,” Ph.D. Thesis, York University (1976).

Jerome, J. H.

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, S. C. Jain, Appl. Opt. 18, 3926 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, E. B. Bennett, J. Great Lakes Res. 4, 456 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kiefer, D. A.

W. H. Wilson, D. A. Kiefer, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24, 673 (1979).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Kiefer, R. J. Olson, W. H. Wilson, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24, 664 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kishino, M.

S. Unoki, N. Okami, M. Kishino, S. Sugihara, “Optical Characteristics of Sea Water at Tokyo Bay,” Science and Technology Agency Report Japan (1977, 1978).

Miller, J. R.

Moore, J. E.

W. A. Glooschenko, J. E. Moore, R. A. Vollenweider, Limnol. Oceanogr. 17, 597 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Morel, A.

A. Morel, L. Prieur, Limnol. Oceanogr. 22, 709 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Okami, N.

S. Unoki, N. Okami, M. Kishino, S. Sugihara, “Optical Characteristics of Sea Water at Tokyo Bay,” Science and Technology Agency Report Japan (1977, 1978).

Olson, R. J.

D. A. Kiefer, R. J. Olson, W. H. Wilson, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24, 664 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Prieur, L.

A. Morel, L. Prieur, Limnol. Oceanogr. 22, 709 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, K.

K. Shibata, A. A. Benson, M. Calvin, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 15, 461 (1954).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, R. C.

R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, Limnol. Oceanogr. 23, 260 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Sugihara, S.

S. Unoki, N. Okami, M. Kishino, S. Sugihara, “Optical Characteristics of Sea Water at Tokyo Bay,” Science and Technology Agency Report Japan (1977, 1978).

Unoki, S.

S. Unoki, N. Okami, M. Kishino, S. Sugihara, “Optical Characteristics of Sea Water at Tokyo Bay,” Science and Technology Agency Report Japan (1977, 1978).

Vollenweider, R. A.

W. A. Glooschenko, J. E. Moore, R. A. Vollenweider, Limnol. Oceanogr. 17, 597 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Watson, N. H. F.

N. H. F. Watson, Canada Centre for Inland Waters; private communication (1980).

Wilson, W. H.

D. A. Kiefer, R. J. Olson, W. H. Wilson, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24, 664 (1979).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Wilson, D. A. Kiefer, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24, 673 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Yentsch, C. S.

C. S. Yentsch, Deep Sea Res. 7, 1 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Arch. Hydrobiol. (1)

R. Doerffer, Arch. Hydrobiol. 43, 119 (1979).

Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1)

K. Shibata, A. A. Benson, M. Calvin, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 15, 461 (1954).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deep Sea Res. (1)

C. S. Yentsch, Deep Sea Res. 7, 1 (1960).
[CrossRef]

J. Great Lakes Res. (1)

R. P. Bukata, J. H. Jerome, J. E. Bruton, E. B. Bennett, J. Great Lakes Res. 4, 456 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Limnol. Oceanogr. (5)

W. A. Glooschenko, J. E. Moore, R. A. Vollenweider, Limnol. Oceanogr. 17, 597 (1972).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, Limnol. Oceanogr. 23, 260 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, L. Prieur, Limnol. Oceanogr. 22, 709 (1977).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Wilson, D. A. Kiefer, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24, 673 (1979).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Kiefer, R. J. Olson, W. H. Wilson, Limnol. Oceanogr. 24, 664 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Water Res. (1)

D. M. DiToro, Water Res. 12, 1059 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

N. M. Burns, Canada Centre for Inland Waters; private communication (1980).

N. H. F. Watson, Canada Centre for Inland Waters; private communication (1980).

S. Unoki, N. Okami, M. Kishino, S. Sugihara, “Optical Characteristics of Sea Water at Tokyo Bay,” Science and Technology Agency Report Japan (1977, 1978).

S. C. Jain, “An Interpretation of the Spectral Reflectance of Natural Water,” Ph.D. Thesis, York University (1976).

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