Abstract

This is the second of two papers based on an extensive series of measurements of the intensity and polarization of light from the zenith sky during periods of twilight made at an altitude of 3400 m on the island of Hawaii. Part 1 dealt with the skylight polarization; part 2 is on the measured intensity and quantities derived from the intensity. The principal results are that (1) the polarization and intensity of light from the zenith during twilight are sensitive indicators of the existence of turbid layers in the stratosphere and upper troposphere, and (2) at least at Mauna Loa primary scattering of the sunlight incident on the upper atmosphere during twilight is strongly dominant over secondary or multiple scattering at wavelengths beyond ~0.60 μm, whereas this is much less true at shorter wavelengths. It is suggested that the development and general use of a simple twilight polarimeter would greatly facilitate determinations of turbidity in the upper layers of the atmosphere.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (13)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription