Abstract

Optical Kerr modulation of >100% is demonstrated in long birefringent optical fibers using low laser powers of ~1 W. We have experimentally investigated the effects of group-velocity dispersion, thermal stability of polarization, and fiber birefringence. Use of fiber Kerr modulation as a fast optical shutter is studied, and it is concluded that resolution times shorter than 1 psec are possible in principle.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. A. Duguay, “The Ultrafast Optical Kerr Shutter,” Prog. Opt. 14, 163 (1976).
  2. R. H. Stolen, “Fiber Raman Lasers” in Fiber and Integrated Optics, D. B. Ostrowsky, Ed. (Plenum, New York, 1979); Fiber Integrated Opt. 3, 21 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. H. Stolen, A. Ashkin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 294 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Owyoung, “The Origins of the Nonlinear Refractive Indices of Liquids and Glasses,” Ph.D. Thesis, California Institute of Technology, 1971 (Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information Report AFOSR-TR-71-3132).
  5. R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A: 17, 1448 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric Amplification and Frequency Conversion in Optical Fibers,” unpublished.
  8. D. Gloge, Appl. Opt. 10, 2252 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. Milam, M. J. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2497 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Gloge, Appl. Opt. 10, 2442 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, R. K. Jain, Opt. Lett. 1, 205 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. E. Wagner, R. H. Stolen, “Polarization Preservation in Multimode Optical Fibers,” Electronics Lett. (to be published, 1981).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. N. Payne, W. A. Gambling, Electron. Lett. 11, 176 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Schneider, H. Harms, A. Papp, H. A. Aulich, Appl. Opt. 17, 3035 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. Ulrich, A. Simon, Appl. Opt. 18, 2241 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. M. Bloom, L. F. Mollenauer, C. Lin, D. W. Taylor, A. M. DelGaudio, Opt. Lett. 4, 297 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

1978 (3)

H. Schneider, H. Harms, A. Papp, H. A. Aulich, Appl. Opt. 17, 3035 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A: 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

1976 (2)

M. A. Duguay, “The Ultrafast Optical Kerr Shutter,” Prog. Opt. 14, 163 (1976).

D. Milam, M. J. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2497 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

D. N. Payne, W. A. Gambling, Electron. Lett. 11, 176 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

R. H. Stolen, A. Ashkin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 294 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

Ashkin, A.

R. H. Stolen, A. Ashkin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 294 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Aulich, H. A.

Bjorkholm, J. E.

R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric Amplification and Frequency Conversion in Optical Fibers,” unpublished.

Bloom, D. M.

DelGaudio, A. M.

Duguay, M. A.

M. A. Duguay, “The Ultrafast Optical Kerr Shutter,” Prog. Opt. 14, 163 (1976).

Gambling, W. A.

D. N. Payne, W. A. Gambling, Electron. Lett. 11, 176 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Gloge, D.

Gordon, J. P.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Harms, H.

Jain, R. K.

Kaiser, P.

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

Milam, D.

D. Milam, M. J. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2497 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

Owyoung, A.

A. Owyoung, “The Origins of the Nonlinear Refractive Indices of Liquids and Glasses,” Ph.D. Thesis, California Institute of Technology, 1971 (Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information Report AFOSR-TR-71-3132).

Papp, A.

Payne, D. N.

D. N. Payne, W. A. Gambling, Electron. Lett. 11, 176 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Pleibel, W.

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, V.

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, H.

Simon, A.

Stolen, R. H.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A: 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, R. K. Jain, Opt. Lett. 1, 205 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. H. Stolen, A. Ashkin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 294 (1973).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric Amplification and Frequency Conversion in Optical Fibers,” unpublished.

R. E. Wagner, R. H. Stolen, “Polarization Preservation in Multimode Optical Fibers,” Electronics Lett. (to be published, 1981).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, “Fiber Raman Lasers” in Fiber and Integrated Optics, D. B. Ostrowsky, Ed. (Plenum, New York, 1979); Fiber Integrated Opt. 3, 21 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, D. W.

Ulrich, R.

Wagner, R. E.

R. E. Wagner, R. H. Stolen, “Polarization Preservation in Multimode Optical Fibers,” Electronics Lett. (to be published, 1981).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

D. Milam, M. J. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2497 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. H. Stolen, A. Ashkin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 294 (1973).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. N. Payne, W. A. Gambling, Electron. Lett. 11, 176 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Milam, M. J. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2497 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A: 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Opt. (1)

M. A. Duguay, “The Ultrafast Optical Kerr Shutter,” Prog. Opt. 14, 163 (1976).

Other (4)

R. H. Stolen, “Fiber Raman Lasers” in Fiber and Integrated Optics, D. B. Ostrowsky, Ed. (Plenum, New York, 1979); Fiber Integrated Opt. 3, 21 (1980).
[CrossRef]

A. Owyoung, “The Origins of the Nonlinear Refractive Indices of Liquids and Glasses,” Ph.D. Thesis, California Institute of Technology, 1971 (Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information Report AFOSR-TR-71-3132).

R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric Amplification and Frequency Conversion in Optical Fibers,” unpublished.

R. E. Wagner, R. H. Stolen, “Polarization Preservation in Multimode Optical Fibers,” Electronics Lett. (to be published, 1981).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sketch of experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Lower traces of the sequence of photos A–D show the output probe transmission for increasing pump intensities. Upper traces are the pump intensities normalized to the same scope height.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Minimum Resolution from Group-Velocity Dispersion for Various Probe Wavelengths About a 514.5-nm Pump Wavelength

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

δ n δ n = 4 π n 2 B P n c A × 10 7 Δ ϕ = 2 π L λ ( δ n δ n ) ,
δ t = l c D ( λ ) δ λ λ ,
τ = λ 1.47 L D ,
Δ ϕ spm = Δ ϕ Kerr δ n 2 δ n 2 B ·

Metrics