Abstract

A comprehensive treatment of ATR spectra on the basis of the Lorentz-Lorenz law and Fresnel equations is given. The standard equation for the effective thickness is redefined showing how the lossy case deviates from the lossless case. A matrix effect due to the influence of the real part of the refractive index within an absorption band is demonstrated theoretically as well as experimentally. The concentration of a nonabsorbing solute sample, i.e., glucose, is determined by ATR spectroscopy near the critical angle.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Fahrenfort, Spectrochim. Acta 17, 698 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. S. Shakaryan, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 44 (12), 748 (1977).
  3. J. Fahrenfort, W. M. Visser, Spectrochim. Acta 17, 1103 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. N. Hansen, Spectrochim. Acta 21, 815 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Hirschfeld, Appl. Spectrosc. 24, 2 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Korolev, S. A. Muraveva, J. Appl. Spectrosc. USSR 23, 1136 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. J. Molochnikov et al., Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 46 (2), 88 (1979).
  8. G. Jungk, Appl. Opt. 19, 508 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Albrecht, G. Müller, M. Schaldach, Biomed. Tech. 23E, 98 (1978).
  10. C S. Blackwell, P. J. Degen, F. Osterholtz, Appl. Spectrosc. 32 (5), 480 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Brauner, G. Müller, Biomed. Tech. 25, 26 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Kellner, G. Gidály, Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 298, 32 (1979).
  13. W. N. Hansen, J. A. Horton, Anal. Chem. 39, 1097 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. T. Holm, E. D. Palik, Opt. Eng. 17, 512 (1978).
  15. R. Wodick, Neue Auswerteverfahren für Reflexionsspektren und Spektren inhomogener Farbstoffverteilung, dargestellt am Beispiel von Hämoglobinspektren Thesis, Marburg, Federal Republic of Germany (1971).
  16. M. Born, Optik (Springer, Berlin, 1972).
  17. K. Abraham, Diplomarbeit, U. Erlangen, Federal Republic of Germany (1980).
  18. F. Hund, Theoretische Physik B. II (Teubner, Stuttgart, 1957).
  19. N. J Harrick, Internal Reflection Spectroscopy (Harrick Scientific Corp., New York, 1967).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. N. J. Harrick, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 851 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  22. D. J. Epstein, Appl. Spectrosc. 34 (2), 233 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  23. G. Müller, “Spectroscopy with the Evanescent Wave in the Visible Region of the Spectrum,” in Multichannel Image Detectors, Y. Talmi, Ed. (American Chemical Society, ACS Symposium Series 102, 1979).

1980 (3)

1979 (2)

B. J. Molochnikov et al., Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 46 (2), 88 (1979).

R. Kellner, G. Gidály, Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 298, 32 (1979).

1978 (3)

C S. Blackwell, P. J. Degen, F. Osterholtz, Appl. Spectrosc. 32 (5), 480 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Holm, E. D. Palik, Opt. Eng. 17, 512 (1978).

H. Albrecht, G. Müller, M. Schaldach, Biomed. Tech. 23E, 98 (1978).

1977 (1)

E. S. Shakaryan, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 44 (12), 748 (1977).

1976 (1)

N. Korolev, S. A. Muraveva, J. Appl. Spectrosc. USSR 23, 1136 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

T. Hirschfeld, Appl. Spectrosc. 24, 2 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

W. N. Hansen, J. A. Horton, Anal. Chem. 39, 1097 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

1965 (2)

N. J. Harrick, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 851 (1965).
[CrossRef]

W. N. Hansen, Spectrochim. Acta 21, 815 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1961 (2)

J. Fahrenfort, Spectrochim. Acta 17, 698 (1961).
[CrossRef]

J. Fahrenfort, W. M. Visser, Spectrochim. Acta 17, 1103 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Abraham, K.

K. Abraham, Diplomarbeit, U. Erlangen, Federal Republic of Germany (1980).

Albrecht, H.

H. Albrecht, G. Müller, M. Schaldach, Biomed. Tech. 23E, 98 (1978).

Blackwell, C S.

Born, M.

M. Born, Optik (Springer, Berlin, 1972).

Brauner, H.

H. Brauner, G. Müller, Biomed. Tech. 25, 26 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Degen, P. J.

du Pré, F. K.

Epstein, D. J.

Fahrenfort, J.

J. Fahrenfort, Spectrochim. Acta 17, 698 (1961).
[CrossRef]

J. Fahrenfort, W. M. Visser, Spectrochim. Acta 17, 1103 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Gidály, G.

R. Kellner, G. Gidály, Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 298, 32 (1979).

Hansen, W. N.

W. N. Hansen, J. A. Horton, Anal. Chem. 39, 1097 (1967).
[CrossRef]

W. N. Hansen, Spectrochim. Acta 21, 815 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Harrick, N. J

N. J Harrick, Internal Reflection Spectroscopy (Harrick Scientific Corp., New York, 1967).

Harrick, N. J.

Hirschfeld, T.

T. Hirschfeld, Appl. Spectrosc. 24, 2 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Holm, R. T.

R. T. Holm, E. D. Palik, Opt. Eng. 17, 512 (1978).

Horton, J. A.

W. N. Hansen, J. A. Horton, Anal. Chem. 39, 1097 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Hund, F.

F. Hund, Theoretische Physik B. II (Teubner, Stuttgart, 1957).

Jungk, G.

Kellner, R.

R. Kellner, G. Gidály, Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 298, 32 (1979).

Korolev, N.

N. Korolev, S. A. Muraveva, J. Appl. Spectrosc. USSR 23, 1136 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Molochnikov, B. J.

B. J. Molochnikov et al., Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 46 (2), 88 (1979).

Müller, G.

H. Brauner, G. Müller, Biomed. Tech. 25, 26 (1980).
[CrossRef]

H. Albrecht, G. Müller, M. Schaldach, Biomed. Tech. 23E, 98 (1978).

G. Müller, “Spectroscopy with the Evanescent Wave in the Visible Region of the Spectrum,” in Multichannel Image Detectors, Y. Talmi, Ed. (American Chemical Society, ACS Symposium Series 102, 1979).

Muraveva, S. A.

N. Korolev, S. A. Muraveva, J. Appl. Spectrosc. USSR 23, 1136 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Osterholtz, F.

Palik, E. D.

R. T. Holm, E. D. Palik, Opt. Eng. 17, 512 (1978).

Schaldach, M.

H. Albrecht, G. Müller, M. Schaldach, Biomed. Tech. 23E, 98 (1978).

Shakaryan, E. S.

E. S. Shakaryan, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 44 (12), 748 (1977).

Visser, W. M.

J. Fahrenfort, W. M. Visser, Spectrochim. Acta 17, 1103 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Wodick, R.

R. Wodick, Neue Auswerteverfahren für Reflexionsspektren und Spektren inhomogener Farbstoffverteilung, dargestellt am Beispiel von Hämoglobinspektren Thesis, Marburg, Federal Republic of Germany (1971).

Anal. Chem. (1)

W. N. Hansen, J. A. Horton, Anal. Chem. 39, 1097 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Spectrosc. (3)

Biomed. Tech. (2)

H. Brauner, G. Müller, Biomed. Tech. 25, 26 (1980).
[CrossRef]

H. Albrecht, G. Müller, M. Schaldach, Biomed. Tech. 23E, 98 (1978).

Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. (1)

R. Kellner, G. Gidály, Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 298, 32 (1979).

J. Appl. Spectrosc. USSR (1)

N. Korolev, S. A. Muraveva, J. Appl. Spectrosc. USSR 23, 1136 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

R. T. Holm, E. D. Palik, Opt. Eng. 17, 512 (1978).

Sov. J. Opt. Technol. (2)

B. J. Molochnikov et al., Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 46 (2), 88 (1979).

E. S. Shakaryan, Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 44 (12), 748 (1977).

Spectrochim. Acta (3)

J. Fahrenfort, W. M. Visser, Spectrochim. Acta 17, 1103 (1961).
[CrossRef]

W. N. Hansen, Spectrochim. Acta 21, 815 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Fahrenfort, Spectrochim. Acta 17, 698 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

R. Wodick, Neue Auswerteverfahren für Reflexionsspektren und Spektren inhomogener Farbstoffverteilung, dargestellt am Beispiel von Hämoglobinspektren Thesis, Marburg, Federal Republic of Germany (1971).

M. Born, Optik (Springer, Berlin, 1972).

K. Abraham, Diplomarbeit, U. Erlangen, Federal Republic of Germany (1980).

F. Hund, Theoretische Physik B. II (Teubner, Stuttgart, 1957).

N. J Harrick, Internal Reflection Spectroscopy (Harrick Scientific Corp., New York, 1967).

G. Müller, “Spectroscopy with the Evanescent Wave in the Visible Region of the Spectrum,” in Multichannel Image Detectors, Y. Talmi, Ed. (American Chemical Society, ACS Symposium Series 102, 1979).

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