Abstract

Laboratory spectra of the υ6(b) band of H2O2 at 1266 cm−1 have been obtained at a resolution of 0.06 cm−1 and at temperatures ranging from 278 to 294 K. A total band intensity of 375 ± 17 cm−2 amagat−1 is determined from the spectra. Special techniques to handle the H2O2 samples in a way that minimizes abundance determination errors are discussed.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. R. Bates, M. Nicolet, J. Geophys. Res. 55, 301 (1950).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. L. Hanst et al., A Spectroscopic Study of California Smog, EPA Publication 650/4-75-006 (U.S.E.P.A., Office of R&D, National Environmental Research Center, Research Triangle Park, N.C. 27711, 1975), p. 39.
  3. D. D. Davis, Can. J. Chem. 52, 1405 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. H. Welge, Can. J. Chem. 52, 1424 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. A. Bailey et al., Chemistry of the Environment (Academic, New York, 1978), p. 164.
  6. G. Scatchard, G. M. Kavanagh, L. B. Ticknor, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 74, 3715 (1952).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. W. Raleigh, Ed., Hydrogen Peroxide Physical Properties, Technical Bulletin 67 (FMC Corp., Princeton, N.J., 1969).
  8. H. Niki, P. D. Maker, C. M. Savage, L. P. Breitenbach, Chem. Phys. Lett. 73, 43 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. D. Rogers, J. J. Hillman, J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1085 (1981).
    [CrossRef]

1981 (1)

J. D. Rogers, J. J. Hillman, J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1085 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

H. Niki, P. D. Maker, C. M. Savage, L. P. Breitenbach, Chem. Phys. Lett. 73, 43 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

D. D. Davis, Can. J. Chem. 52, 1405 (1974).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Welge, Can. J. Chem. 52, 1424 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1952 (1)

G. Scatchard, G. M. Kavanagh, L. B. Ticknor, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 74, 3715 (1952).
[CrossRef]

1950 (1)

D. R. Bates, M. Nicolet, J. Geophys. Res. 55, 301 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Bailey, R. A.

R. A. Bailey et al., Chemistry of the Environment (Academic, New York, 1978), p. 164.

Bates, D. R.

D. R. Bates, M. Nicolet, J. Geophys. Res. 55, 301 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Breitenbach, L. P.

H. Niki, P. D. Maker, C. M. Savage, L. P. Breitenbach, Chem. Phys. Lett. 73, 43 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Davis, D. D.

D. D. Davis, Can. J. Chem. 52, 1405 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Hanst, P. L.

P. L. Hanst et al., A Spectroscopic Study of California Smog, EPA Publication 650/4-75-006 (U.S.E.P.A., Office of R&D, National Environmental Research Center, Research Triangle Park, N.C. 27711, 1975), p. 39.

Hillman, J. J.

J. D. Rogers, J. J. Hillman, J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1085 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kavanagh, G. M.

G. Scatchard, G. M. Kavanagh, L. B. Ticknor, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 74, 3715 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Maker, P. D.

H. Niki, P. D. Maker, C. M. Savage, L. P. Breitenbach, Chem. Phys. Lett. 73, 43 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nicolet, M.

D. R. Bates, M. Nicolet, J. Geophys. Res. 55, 301 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Niki, H.

H. Niki, P. D. Maker, C. M. Savage, L. P. Breitenbach, Chem. Phys. Lett. 73, 43 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, J. D.

J. D. Rogers, J. J. Hillman, J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1085 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Savage, C. M.

H. Niki, P. D. Maker, C. M. Savage, L. P. Breitenbach, Chem. Phys. Lett. 73, 43 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Scatchard, G.

G. Scatchard, G. M. Kavanagh, L. B. Ticknor, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 74, 3715 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Ticknor, L. B.

G. Scatchard, G. M. Kavanagh, L. B. Ticknor, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 74, 3715 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Welge, K. H.

K. H. Welge, Can. J. Chem. 52, 1424 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Can. J. Chem. (2)

D. D. Davis, Can. J. Chem. 52, 1405 (1974).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Welge, Can. J. Chem. 52, 1424 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Niki, P. D. Maker, C. M. Savage, L. P. Breitenbach, Chem. Phys. Lett. 73, 43 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

G. Scatchard, G. M. Kavanagh, L. B. Ticknor, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 74, 3715 (1952).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. D. Rogers, J. J. Hillman, J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1085 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

D. R. Bates, M. Nicolet, J. Geophys. Res. 55, 301 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

P. L. Hanst et al., A Spectroscopic Study of California Smog, EPA Publication 650/4-75-006 (U.S.E.P.A., Office of R&D, National Environmental Research Center, Research Triangle Park, N.C. 27711, 1975), p. 39.

R. A. Bailey et al., Chemistry of the Environment (Academic, New York, 1978), p. 164.

C. W. Raleigh, Ed., Hydrogen Peroxide Physical Properties, Technical Bulletin 67 (FMC Corp., Princeton, N.J., 1969).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of vacuum system used for the experiment: (A) capacitance manometers; (B) oil-covered Hg differential manometer; (C) absorption cell; (D) and (E) sample containers; (F) cold trap (liquid N2); and (G) vacuum pump.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Vapor pressure curve for hydrogen peroxide (○, values from Refs. 6 and 7; X, our values).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ratio of H2O2 low-resolution spectra obtained before and after obtaining the high-resolution spectrum shown in Fig. 4. All conditions are identical except for the resolution. This ratio spectrum shows that conditions remained constant (within the noise level) during the acquisition of the spectrum shown in Fig. 4.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

H2O2 spectrum. Path length 100 cm; T = 12.5°C; P = 0.75-mm Hg; and 0.06-cm−1 resolution.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Curve of growth for nitrogen-broadened H2O2 spectra.

Tables (2)

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Table I Some Important Atmospheric Hydrogen Radical Reactions

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Table II Experimental Conditions

Equations (1)

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S = 1 ρ l σ 0 σ 1 ln I o I d σ .

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