Abstract

Accurate measurements of the SO2 absorption cross section between 290 and 317 nm have been made using a frequency-doubled dye-laser source with a 0.05-nm linewidth. The spectrum is applicable to the differential absorption method of detecting SO2 and offers greatly extended wavelength coverage compared with previous measurements.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. T. H. Collis, P. B. Russell, in Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere, E. D. Hinkley, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1976), pp. 71–152.
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Benner, Contract AF 61(052)-54, Technical Summary Report No. 1 (1960). (Available from Armed Services Technical Information Agency as Report AD261662.)
  3. E. C. Y. Inn, Y. Tamaka, Advances in Chemistry Series, No. 21 (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C.1959), pp. 263–268.
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. S. Adrain, D. J. Brassington, S. Sutton, R. H. Varey, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 253 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  5. O. Uchino, M. Maeda, M. Hirono, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1094 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. T. Thompson, J. M. Hoell, W. R. Wade, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3040 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. T. Woods, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, Opt. Commun. 33, 281 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. R. Marx, K. P. Birch, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, Opt. Commun. 33, 287 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Warnech, F. F. Marmo, J. O. Sullivan, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1132 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. G. Calvert, J. N. Pitts, Photochemistry (Wiley, New York, 1966), p. 210.
  11. R. T. Brinkman, J. Dowling, A. E. Green, A. J. Jusick, The Middle Ultraviolet Its Science and Technology, A. E. S. Green, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1966), pp. 40–72.
  12. D. J. Brassington, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, J. T. M. Moncrieff, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, to be published.
  13. R. B. Green, R. A. Keller, C. G. Luther, P. K. Shenck, J. C. Traves, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 727 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. H. Clements, Phys. Rev. 47, 224 (1935).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, D. L. Barker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 37 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. P. Wang, H. Mirels, D. G. Sutton, S. N. Suchard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 326 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. R. Loree, K. B. Butterfield, D. L. Barker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 171 (1978).
    [CrossRef]

1980

P. T. Woods, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, Opt. Commun. 33, 281 (1980).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Marx, K. P. Birch, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, Opt. Commun. 33, 287 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979

R. S. Adrain, D. J. Brassington, S. Sutton, R. H. Varey, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 253 (1979).
[CrossRef]

O. Uchino, M. Maeda, M. Hirono, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1094 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978

T. R. Loree, K. B. Butterfield, D. L. Barker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 171 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, D. L. Barker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 37 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976

C. P. Wang, H. Mirels, D. G. Sutton, S. N. Suchard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 326 (1976).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Green, R. A. Keller, C. G. Luther, P. K. Shenck, J. C. Traves, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 727 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975

R. T. Thompson, J. M. Hoell, W. R. Wade, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3040 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1964

P. Warnech, F. F. Marmo, J. O. Sullivan, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1132 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1935

J. H. Clements, Phys. Rev. 47, 224 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Adrain, R. S.

R. S. Adrain, D. J. Brassington, S. Sutton, R. H. Varey, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 253 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Barker, D. L.

T. R. Loree, K. B. Butterfield, D. L. Barker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 171 (1978).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, D. L. Barker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 37 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Benner, P.

P. Benner, Contract AF 61(052)-54, Technical Summary Report No. 1 (1960). (Available from Armed Services Technical Information Agency as Report AD261662.)

Birch, K. P.

B. R. Marx, K. P. Birch, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, Opt. Commun. 33, 287 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Brassington, D. J.

R. S. Adrain, D. J. Brassington, S. Sutton, R. H. Varey, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 253 (1979).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Brassington, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, J. T. M. Moncrieff, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, to be published.

Brinkman, R. T.

R. T. Brinkman, J. Dowling, A. E. Green, A. J. Jusick, The Middle Ultraviolet Its Science and Technology, A. E. S. Green, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1966), pp. 40–72.

Butterfield, K. B.

T. R. Loree, K. B. Butterfield, D. L. Barker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 171 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Calvert, J. G.

J. G. Calvert, J. N. Pitts, Photochemistry (Wiley, New York, 1966), p. 210.

Clements, J. H.

J. H. Clements, Phys. Rev. 47, 224 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Collis, R. T. H.

R. T. H. Collis, P. B. Russell, in Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere, E. D. Hinkley, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1976), pp. 71–152.
[CrossRef]

Dowling, J.

R. T. Brinkman, J. Dowling, A. E. Green, A. J. Jusick, The Middle Ultraviolet Its Science and Technology, A. E. S. Green, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1966), pp. 40–72.

Felton, R. C.

B. R. Marx, K. P. Birch, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, Opt. Commun. 33, 287 (1980).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Brassington, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, J. T. M. Moncrieff, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, to be published.

Green, A. E.

R. T. Brinkman, J. Dowling, A. E. Green, A. J. Jusick, The Middle Ultraviolet Its Science and Technology, A. E. S. Green, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1966), pp. 40–72.

Green, R. B.

R. B. Green, R. A. Keller, C. G. Luther, P. K. Shenck, J. C. Traves, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 727 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Hirono, M.

O. Uchino, M. Maeda, M. Hirono, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1094 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hoell, J. M.

R. T. Thompson, J. M. Hoell, W. R. Wade, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3040 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Inn, E. C. Y.

E. C. Y. Inn, Y. Tamaka, Advances in Chemistry Series, No. 21 (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C.1959), pp. 263–268.
[CrossRef]

Jolliffe, B. W.

P. T. Woods, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, Opt. Commun. 33, 281 (1980).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Marx, K. P. Birch, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, Opt. Commun. 33, 287 (1980).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Brassington, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, J. T. M. Moncrieff, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, to be published.

Jusick, A. J.

R. T. Brinkman, J. Dowling, A. E. Green, A. J. Jusick, The Middle Ultraviolet Its Science and Technology, A. E. S. Green, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1966), pp. 40–72.

Keller, R. A.

R. B. Green, R. A. Keller, C. G. Luther, P. K. Shenck, J. C. Traves, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 727 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Loree, T. R.

T. R. Loree, K. B. Butterfield, D. L. Barker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 171 (1978).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, D. L. Barker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 37 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Luther, C. G.

R. B. Green, R. A. Keller, C. G. Luther, P. K. Shenck, J. C. Traves, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 727 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, M.

O. Uchino, M. Maeda, M. Hirono, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1094 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Marmo, F. F.

P. Warnech, F. F. Marmo, J. O. Sullivan, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1132 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Marx, B. R.

P. T. Woods, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, Opt. Commun. 33, 281 (1980).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Marx, K. P. Birch, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, Opt. Commun. 33, 287 (1980).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Brassington, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, J. T. M. Moncrieff, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, to be published.

Mirels, H.

C. P. Wang, H. Mirels, D. G. Sutton, S. N. Suchard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 326 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Moncrieff, J. T. M.

D. J. Brassington, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, J. T. M. Moncrieff, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, to be published.

Pitts, J. N.

J. G. Calvert, J. N. Pitts, Photochemistry (Wiley, New York, 1966), p. 210.

Rowley, W. R. C.

B. R. Marx, K. P. Birch, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, Opt. Commun. 33, 287 (1980).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Brassington, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, J. T. M. Moncrieff, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, to be published.

Russell, P. B.

R. T. H. Collis, P. B. Russell, in Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere, E. D. Hinkley, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1976), pp. 71–152.
[CrossRef]

Shenck, P. K.

R. B. Green, R. A. Keller, C. G. Luther, P. K. Shenck, J. C. Traves, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 727 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Suchard, S. N.

C. P. Wang, H. Mirels, D. G. Sutton, S. N. Suchard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 326 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, J. O.

P. Warnech, F. F. Marmo, J. O. Sullivan, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1132 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, D. G.

C. P. Wang, H. Mirels, D. G. Sutton, S. N. Suchard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 326 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, S.

R. S. Adrain, D. J. Brassington, S. Sutton, R. H. Varey, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 253 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Sze, R. C.

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, D. L. Barker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 37 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tamaka, Y.

E. C. Y. Inn, Y. Tamaka, Advances in Chemistry Series, No. 21 (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C.1959), pp. 263–268.
[CrossRef]

Thompson, R. T.

R. T. Thompson, J. M. Hoell, W. R. Wade, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3040 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Traves, J. C.

R. B. Green, R. A. Keller, C. G. Luther, P. K. Shenck, J. C. Traves, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 727 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Uchino, O.

O. Uchino, M. Maeda, M. Hirono, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1094 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Varey, R. H.

R. S. Adrain, D. J. Brassington, S. Sutton, R. H. Varey, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 253 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wade, W. R.

R. T. Thompson, J. M. Hoell, W. R. Wade, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3040 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. P.

C. P. Wang, H. Mirels, D. G. Sutton, S. N. Suchard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 326 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Warnech, P.

P. Warnech, F. F. Marmo, J. O. Sullivan, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1132 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Woods, P. T.

P. T. Woods, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, Opt. Commun. 33, 281 (1980).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Marx, K. P. Birch, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, Opt. Commun. 33, 287 (1980).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Brassington, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, J. T. M. Moncrieff, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, to be published.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. B. Green, R. A. Keller, C. G. Luther, P. K. Shenck, J. C. Traves, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 727 (1976).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, D. L. Barker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 37 (1977).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Wang, H. Mirels, D. G. Sutton, S. N. Suchard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 326 (1976).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Loree, K. B. Butterfield, D. L. Barker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 171 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

O. Uchino, M. Maeda, M. Hirono, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1094 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

R. T. Thompson, J. M. Hoell, W. R. Wade, J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3040 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

P. Warnech, F. F. Marmo, J. O. Sullivan, J. Chem. Phys. 40, 1132 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

P. T. Woods, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, Opt. Commun. 33, 281 (1980).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Marx, K. P. Birch, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, Opt. Commun. 33, 287 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron.

R. S. Adrain, D. J. Brassington, S. Sutton, R. H. Varey, Opt. Quantum Electron. 11, 253 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

J. H. Clements, Phys. Rev. 47, 224 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. T. H. Collis, P. B. Russell, in Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere, E. D. Hinkley, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 1976), pp. 71–152.
[CrossRef]

P. Benner, Contract AF 61(052)-54, Technical Summary Report No. 1 (1960). (Available from Armed Services Technical Information Agency as Report AD261662.)

E. C. Y. Inn, Y. Tamaka, Advances in Chemistry Series, No. 21 (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C.1959), pp. 263–268.
[CrossRef]

J. G. Calvert, J. N. Pitts, Photochemistry (Wiley, New York, 1966), p. 210.

R. T. Brinkman, J. Dowling, A. E. Green, A. J. Jusick, The Middle Ultraviolet Its Science and Technology, A. E. S. Green, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1966), pp. 40–72.

D. J. Brassington, R. C. Felton, B. W. Jolliffe, B. R. Marx, J. T. M. Moncrieff, W. R. C. Rowley, P. T. Woods, to be published.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental arrangement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

CMX-4 UV line shape at 304 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SO2 absorption cross section.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SO2 absorption cross section.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SO2 absorption cross section.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of this work (full line) with the measurements of Thompson et al.6 (dotted line).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Comparison of the present measurements with those of Thompson et al.6 and Woods et al.4 for the 300.03-nm absorption peak.

Tables (1)

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Table I Details of Transmission Records

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I = I 0 exp ( - σ n L ) ,
I S = I S T F exp ( - σ n L S ) ,             I R = I R T F exp ( - σ n L R ) ,
R = R exp [ - σ n ( L S - L R ) ] ,

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