Abstract

Diffraction of electromagnetic waves by longitudinally periodic media (reflection gratings) is rigorously analyzed using an exact coupled-wave approach. The analysis is formulated in a simple matrix form easily implemented on a digital computer. The intensities of the two waves, the diffracted (reflected) and transmitted waves, are calculated for a wide range of parameters. These exact results are then compared to results obtained with approximate two-wave modal, and with multiwave and two-wave coupled-wave analyses. The applicability of these approximate theories is discussed. The case of other than first-order Bragg incidence is also included.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

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Errata

M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, "Chain-matrix analysis of arbitrary-thickness dielectric reflection gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 187-190 (1982)
https://www.osapublishing.org/josa/abstract.cfm?uri=josa-72-2-187

References

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Equations (17)

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