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  1. J. B. Mason, Appl. Opt. 14, 76 (1975).
    [PubMed]
  2. A. Cohen, J. A. Cooney, K. N. Geller, Appl.Opt. 15, 2896 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. L. Smith, C. M. R. Platt, “A Laser Method of Observing Surface Pressure and Pressure-Altitude and Temperature Profiles of the Troposphere from Satellites,” NOAA Technical Memorandum NESS 89 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., July1977).
  4. H. I. Heaton, Astrophys. J. 212, 936 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. K. Schwemmer, T. D. Wilkerson, Appl. Opt. 18, 3539 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. V. Browell, T. D. Wilkerson, T. J. Mcllrath, Appl. Opt. 18, 3474 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. V. Browell, A. F. Carter, T. D. Wilkerson, Opt. Eng. 20, 84 (1981).
  8. D. Atlas, C. L. Korb, “Weather and Climate Needs for Lidar Observation from Space and Concept for Their Realization,” NASA Technical Memorandum 82006 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., June1980).
  9. M. Endemann, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 5, 452 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. E. V. Browell, S. Shipley, A. Rosenberg, D. B. Hogan, T. D. Wilkerson, “An Airborne Lidar for Simultaneous Measurements of Temperature and Water Vapor,” to be presented at the Third IAMAP Scientific Assembly (Hamburg, Aug. 1981).
  11. R. M. Schotland, J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 71 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. E. Remsberg, L. L. Gordley, Appl. Opt. 17, 624 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, “Optical Properties of the Atmosphere,” AFCRL-72-0497 (Aug.1972).

1981

E. V. Browell, A. F. Carter, T. D. Wilkerson, Opt. Eng. 20, 84 (1981).

1980

1979

1978

1977

H. I. Heaton, Astrophys. J. 212, 936 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976

A. Cohen, J. A. Cooney, K. N. Geller, Appl.Opt. 15, 2896 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1975

1974

R. M. Schotland, J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 71 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, “Optical Properties of the Atmosphere,” AFCRL-72-0497 (Aug.1972).

Atlas, D.

D. Atlas, C. L. Korb, “Weather and Climate Needs for Lidar Observation from Space and Concept for Their Realization,” NASA Technical Memorandum 82006 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., June1980).

Browell, E. V.

E. V. Browell, A. F. Carter, T. D. Wilkerson, Opt. Eng. 20, 84 (1981).

E. V. Browell, T. D. Wilkerson, T. J. Mcllrath, Appl. Opt. 18, 3474 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. V. Browell, S. Shipley, A. Rosenberg, D. B. Hogan, T. D. Wilkerson, “An Airborne Lidar for Simultaneous Measurements of Temperature and Water Vapor,” to be presented at the Third IAMAP Scientific Assembly (Hamburg, Aug. 1981).

Byer, R. L.

Carter, A. F.

E. V. Browell, A. F. Carter, T. D. Wilkerson, Opt. Eng. 20, 84 (1981).

Cohen, A.

A. Cohen, J. A. Cooney, K. N. Geller, Appl.Opt. 15, 2896 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cooney, J. A.

A. Cohen, J. A. Cooney, K. N. Geller, Appl.Opt. 15, 2896 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Endemann, M.

Fenn, R. W.

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, “Optical Properties of the Atmosphere,” AFCRL-72-0497 (Aug.1972).

Garing, J. S.

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, “Optical Properties of the Atmosphere,” AFCRL-72-0497 (Aug.1972).

Geller, K. N.

A. Cohen, J. A. Cooney, K. N. Geller, Appl.Opt. 15, 2896 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gordley, L. L.

Heaton, H. I.

H. I. Heaton, Astrophys. J. 212, 936 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Hogan, D. B.

E. V. Browell, S. Shipley, A. Rosenberg, D. B. Hogan, T. D. Wilkerson, “An Airborne Lidar for Simultaneous Measurements of Temperature and Water Vapor,” to be presented at the Third IAMAP Scientific Assembly (Hamburg, Aug. 1981).

Korb, C. L.

D. Atlas, C. L. Korb, “Weather and Climate Needs for Lidar Observation from Space and Concept for Their Realization,” NASA Technical Memorandum 82006 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., June1980).

Mason, J. B.

McClatchey, R. A.

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, “Optical Properties of the Atmosphere,” AFCRL-72-0497 (Aug.1972).

Mcllrath, T. J.

Platt, C. M. R.

W. L. Smith, C. M. R. Platt, “A Laser Method of Observing Surface Pressure and Pressure-Altitude and Temperature Profiles of the Troposphere from Satellites,” NOAA Technical Memorandum NESS 89 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., July1977).

Remsberg, E. E.

Rosenberg, A.

E. V. Browell, S. Shipley, A. Rosenberg, D. B. Hogan, T. D. Wilkerson, “An Airborne Lidar for Simultaneous Measurements of Temperature and Water Vapor,” to be presented at the Third IAMAP Scientific Assembly (Hamburg, Aug. 1981).

Schotland, R. M.

R. M. Schotland, J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 71 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Schwemmer, G. K.

Selby, J. E. A.

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, “Optical Properties of the Atmosphere,” AFCRL-72-0497 (Aug.1972).

Shipley, S.

E. V. Browell, S. Shipley, A. Rosenberg, D. B. Hogan, T. D. Wilkerson, “An Airborne Lidar for Simultaneous Measurements of Temperature and Water Vapor,” to be presented at the Third IAMAP Scientific Assembly (Hamburg, Aug. 1981).

Smith, W. L.

W. L. Smith, C. M. R. Platt, “A Laser Method of Observing Surface Pressure and Pressure-Altitude and Temperature Profiles of the Troposphere from Satellites,” NOAA Technical Memorandum NESS 89 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., July1977).

Volz, F. E.

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, “Optical Properties of the Atmosphere,” AFCRL-72-0497 (Aug.1972).

Wilkerson, T. D.

E. V. Browell, A. F. Carter, T. D. Wilkerson, Opt. Eng. 20, 84 (1981).

E. V. Browell, T. D. Wilkerson, T. J. Mcllrath, Appl. Opt. 18, 3474 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. K. Schwemmer, T. D. Wilkerson, Appl. Opt. 18, 3539 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. V. Browell, S. Shipley, A. Rosenberg, D. B. Hogan, T. D. Wilkerson, “An Airborne Lidar for Simultaneous Measurements of Temperature and Water Vapor,” to be presented at the Third IAMAP Scientific Assembly (Hamburg, Aug. 1981).

AFCRL-72-0497

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, J. S. Garing, “Optical Properties of the Atmosphere,” AFCRL-72-0497 (Aug.1972).

Appl. Opt.

Appl.Opt.

A. Cohen, J. A. Cooney, K. N. Geller, Appl.Opt. 15, 2896 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Astrophys. J.

H. I. Heaton, Astrophys. J. 212, 936 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Meteorol.

R. M. Schotland, J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 71 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

E. V. Browell, A. F. Carter, T. D. Wilkerson, Opt. Eng. 20, 84 (1981).

Opt. Lett.

Other

E. V. Browell, S. Shipley, A. Rosenberg, D. B. Hogan, T. D. Wilkerson, “An Airborne Lidar for Simultaneous Measurements of Temperature and Water Vapor,” to be presented at the Third IAMAP Scientific Assembly (Hamburg, Aug. 1981).

W. L. Smith, C. M. R. Platt, “A Laser Method of Observing Surface Pressure and Pressure-Altitude and Temperature Profiles of the Troposphere from Satellites,” NOAA Technical Memorandum NESS 89 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., July1977).

D. Atlas, C. L. Korb, “Weather and Climate Needs for Lidar Observation from Space and Concept for Their Realization,” NASA Technical Memorandum 82006 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., June1980).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Temperature (solid lines) and water vapor (dashed lines) measurement errors for ground-based DIAL system with horizontal viewing for winter and summer model atmospheres. System parameters are: 100-mJ pulse energy, 0.25-m2 receiver, 4.5% total system efficiency, 500-m resolution, and a 300 pulse average.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temperature (solid lines) and water vapor (dashed lines) measurement errors for ground-based DIAL system with upward viewing for winter and summer model atmospheres. System parameters are same as for Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperature (solid lines) and water vapor (dashed lines) measurement errors for Space Shuttle DIAL system at 200 km altitude for winter and summer model atmospheres. Chain dotted line is temperature error for two-frequency O2 DIAL method from Ref. 8. System parameters are: 100-mJ pulse energy, 1-m2 receiver, 12% total system efficiency, 2-km vertical resolution, and a 350 pulse average.

Equations (2)

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T ¯ = ( 1 / k ) ( E i - E j ) { ln ( β i / β j ) - ln [ P i * ( R , R + Δ R ) / P j * ( R , R + Δ R ] } - 1
q ¯ = ( β i Δ R ) - 1 ( T ¯ / T 0 ) l A · exp ( E i / k T ¯ ) P i * ( R , R + Δ R ) ,

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