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References

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  1. G. D. Hickman, J. E. Hogg, Remote Sensing Environ. 1, 47 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, E. B. Frederick, Appl. Opt. 19, 871 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. B. Enabnit, K. Nield, Int. Rev. Gesamten Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 2, 93 (1980).
  4. M. Calder, Int. Rev. Gesamten Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 1, 31 (1980).
  5. R. A. O’Neil, “Field Trials of a Lidar Bathymeter in the Magdelan Islands,” presented at Laser Hydrography Symposium, Salisbury, Australia, 30 Sept. 1980.
  6. G. Bolander et al., “Tests with Laser Bathymetry,” FOA Report C30196-El, July1980 (in Swedish).
  7. H. Klevebrant, J. Lexander, O. Steinvall, A. Widén, “Laser Depth Sounding in the Baltic Sea,” FOA Report C30219-El (May1981).
  8. H. H. Kim, Appl. Opt. 16, 46 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. W. L. Thomas, G. C. Guenther, “Theoretical Calculations of Bottom Returns for Bathymetric Lidar,” in Proceedings, International Conference on Lasers, Orlando, Fla. (1978).

1980

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, E. B. Frederick, Appl. Opt. 19, 871 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Enabnit, K. Nield, Int. Rev. Gesamten Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 2, 93 (1980).

M. Calder, Int. Rev. Gesamten Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 1, 31 (1980).

1977

1969

G. D. Hickman, J. E. Hogg, Remote Sensing Environ. 1, 47 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bolander, G.

G. Bolander et al., “Tests with Laser Bathymetry,” FOA Report C30196-El, July1980 (in Swedish).

Calder, M.

M. Calder, Int. Rev. Gesamten Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 1, 31 (1980).

Enabnit, D. B.

D. B. Enabnit, K. Nield, Int. Rev. Gesamten Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 2, 93 (1980).

Frederick, E. B.

Guenther, G. C.

R. W. L. Thomas, G. C. Guenther, “Theoretical Calculations of Bottom Returns for Bathymetric Lidar,” in Proceedings, International Conference on Lasers, Orlando, Fla. (1978).

Hickman, G. D.

G. D. Hickman, J. E. Hogg, Remote Sensing Environ. 1, 47 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Hoge, F. E.

Hogg, J. E.

G. D. Hickman, J. E. Hogg, Remote Sensing Environ. 1, 47 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. H.

Klevebrant, H.

H. Klevebrant, J. Lexander, O. Steinvall, A. Widén, “Laser Depth Sounding in the Baltic Sea,” FOA Report C30219-El (May1981).

Lexander, J.

H. Klevebrant, J. Lexander, O. Steinvall, A. Widén, “Laser Depth Sounding in the Baltic Sea,” FOA Report C30219-El (May1981).

Nield, K.

D. B. Enabnit, K. Nield, Int. Rev. Gesamten Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 2, 93 (1980).

O’Neil, R. A.

R. A. O’Neil, “Field Trials of a Lidar Bathymeter in the Magdelan Islands,” presented at Laser Hydrography Symposium, Salisbury, Australia, 30 Sept. 1980.

Steinvall, O.

H. Klevebrant, J. Lexander, O. Steinvall, A. Widén, “Laser Depth Sounding in the Baltic Sea,” FOA Report C30219-El (May1981).

Swift, R. N.

Thomas, R. W. L.

R. W. L. Thomas, G. C. Guenther, “Theoretical Calculations of Bottom Returns for Bathymetric Lidar,” in Proceedings, International Conference on Lasers, Orlando, Fla. (1978).

Widén, A.

H. Klevebrant, J. Lexander, O. Steinvall, A. Widén, “Laser Depth Sounding in the Baltic Sea,” FOA Report C30219-El (May1981).

Appl. Opt.

Int. Rev. Gesamten Hydrobiol. Hydrogr.

D. B. Enabnit, K. Nield, Int. Rev. Gesamten Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 2, 93 (1980).

M. Calder, Int. Rev. Gesamten Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 1, 31 (1980).

Remote Sensing Environ.

G. D. Hickman, J. E. Hogg, Remote Sensing Environ. 1, 47 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. W. L. Thomas, G. C. Guenther, “Theoretical Calculations of Bottom Returns for Bathymetric Lidar,” in Proceedings, International Conference on Lasers, Orlando, Fla. (1978).

R. A. O’Neil, “Field Trials of a Lidar Bathymeter in the Magdelan Islands,” presented at Laser Hydrography Symposium, Salisbury, Australia, 30 Sept. 1980.

G. Bolander et al., “Tests with Laser Bathymetry,” FOA Report C30196-El, July1980 (in Swedish).

H. Klevebrant, J. Lexander, O. Steinvall, A. Widén, “Laser Depth Sounding in the Baltic Sea,” FOA Report C30219-El (May1981).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Signal level from bottom echoes vs water depth. Slope of fitted line gives a measure of average effective system attenuation length 〈1/Γ〉. Also shown are values of 〈1/α〉 measured by transmissometer and the diffuse attenuation length 〈1/K〉 given from daylight penetration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

System attenuation from length 1/Γ vs average attenuation length 〈1/α〉 achieved from sea truth measurements.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

An example of depth profiles obtained with laser and hydrographic data achieved by sonar.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Depth Penetration and Sea Truth Data

Equations (2)

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L max = ln P * / P B 2 Γ ,
P * = P L · ρ · A r · η r / π · H 2 ,

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