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  1. H. Inaba, in Conference Abstracts, Ninth International Laser Radar Conference (Munich, July1979), Invited paper 2-2, p. 66.
  2. H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. D. Hinkley, Ed., Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere (Springer, Berlin, 1976).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. C. O’Shea, L. G. Dodge, Appl. Opt. 13, 1481 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 3, 115 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, Appl. Opt. 14, 1418 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. U. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 411 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. B. Gardner, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 245 (1975).
  9. M. Miyagi, G. L. Yip, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 51 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Temkin, A. K. Chin, Electron. Lett. 16, 438 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

1980

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
[CrossRef]

H. Temkin, A. K. Chin, Electron. Lett. 16, 438 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979

H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1977

M. Miyagi, G. L. Yip, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 51 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976

1975

1974

K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 3, 115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

D. C. O’Shea, L. G. Dodge, Appl. Opt. 13, 1481 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

Brinkmann, U.

K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 3, 115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Chida, K.

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Chin, A. K.

H. Temkin, A. K. Chin, Electron. Lett. 16, 438 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Dodge, L. G.

Edahiro, T.

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

Fukuda, O.

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, W. B.

W. B. Gardner, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 245 (1975).

Hamza, M.

H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hanawa, H.

H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hirama, M.

H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
[CrossRef]

H. Inaba, in Conference Abstracts, Ninth International Laser Radar Conference (Munich, July1979), Invited paper 2-2, p. 66.

Inada, K.

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kawachi, M.

H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kobayasi, T.

H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Miyagi, M.

M. Miyagi, G. L. Yip, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 51 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Moriyama, T.

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nakahara, M.

H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
[CrossRef]

O’Shea, D. C.

Rothe, K. W.

K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 3, 115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Sanada, K.

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sudo, S.

H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Temkin, H.

H. Temkin, A. K. Chin, Electron. Lett. 16, 438 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, A. W.

Walther, H.

K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 3, 115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

White, J. U.

Yip, G. L.

M. Miyagi, G. L. Yip, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 51 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys.

K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 3, 115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

W. B. Gardner, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 245 (1975).

Electron. Lett.

H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
[CrossRef]

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
[CrossRef]

H. Temkin, A. K. Chin, Electron. Lett. 16, 438 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

M. Miyagi, G. L. Yip, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 51 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. D. Hinkley, Ed., Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere (Springer, Berlin, 1976).
[CrossRef]

H. Inaba, in Conference Abstracts, Ninth International Laser Radar Conference (Munich, July1979), Invited paper 2-2, p. 66.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of an optical fiber system for differential absorption measurement of NO2 concentrations in a sample cell at a remote location.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Example of real-time monitoring of the NO2 concentration in the exhaust of a two-stroke motorcycle engine in the atmosphere.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relation of two voltage SNRs to fiber length. Two points indicate experimental values for (SNR)f; the lines for (SNR)p are estimated using the system parameters. Curve A corresponds to a fiber loss of αf = 50 dB/km and an optical path length of Lc = 1 m for the sample cell; curve B corresponds to αf = 20 dB/km and Lc = 1 km, with 10-mW laser power; NEP = 1 × 10−15 W/Hz1/2 and detection time constant of T = 1 sec.

Equations (1)

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N min = 1 Δ α L c ( SNR ) = 1 Δ α L c [ ( SNR ) p - 2 + ( SNR ) f - 2 ] 1 / 2 ,

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