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  1. H. Inaba, in Conference Abstracts, Ninth International Laser Radar Conference (Munich, July1979), Invited paper 2-2, p. 66.
  2. H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. D. Hinkley, Ed., Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere (Springer, Berlin, 1976).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. C. O’Shea, L. G. Dodge, Appl. Opt. 13, 1481 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 3, 115 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, Appl. Opt. 14, 1418 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. U. White, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 411 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. B. Gardner, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 245 (1975).
  9. M. Miyagi, G. L. Yip, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 51 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Temkin, A. K. Chin, Electron. Lett. 16, 438 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

1980 (3)

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
[CrossRef]

H. Temkin, A. K. Chin, Electron. Lett. 16, 438 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

M. Miyagi, G. L. Yip, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 51 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

1975 (2)

1974 (2)

K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 3, 115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

D. C. O’Shea, L. G. Dodge, Appl. Opt. 13, 1481 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

Brinkmann, U.

K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 3, 115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Chida, K.

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Chin, A. K.

H. Temkin, A. K. Chin, Electron. Lett. 16, 438 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Dodge, L. G.

Edahiro, T.

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

Fukuda, O.

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, W. B.

W. B. Gardner, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 245 (1975).

Hamza, M.

H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hanawa, H.

H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hirama, M.

H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
[CrossRef]

H. Inaba, in Conference Abstracts, Ninth International Laser Radar Conference (Munich, July1979), Invited paper 2-2, p. 66.

Inada, K.

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kawachi, M.

H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kobayasi, T.

H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Miyagi, M.

M. Miyagi, G. L. Yip, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 51 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Moriyama, T.

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nakahara, M.

H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
[CrossRef]

O’Shea, D. C.

Rothe, K. W.

K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 3, 115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Sanada, K.

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sudo, S.

H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Temkin, H.

H. Temkin, A. K. Chin, Electron. Lett. 16, 438 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, A. W.

Walther, H.

K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 3, 115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

White, J. U.

Yip, G. L.

M. Miyagi, G. L. Yip, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 51 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. (1)

K. W. Rothe, U. Brinkmann, H. Walther, Appl. Phys. 3, 115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

W. B. Gardner, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 54, 245 (1975).

Electron. Lett. (4)

H. Inaba, T. Kobayasi, M. Hirama, M. Hamza, Electron. Lett. 15, 749 (1979).
[CrossRef]

T. Moriyama, O. Fukuda, K. Sanada, K. Inada, T. Edahiro, K. Chida, Electron. Lett. 16, 698 (1980).
[CrossRef]

H. Hanawa, S. Sudo, M. Kawachi, M. Nakahara, Electron. Lett. 16, 699 (1980).
[CrossRef]

H. Temkin, A. K. Chin, Electron. Lett. 16, 438 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Miyagi, G. L. Yip, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 51 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

E. D. Hinkley, Ed., Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere (Springer, Berlin, 1976).
[CrossRef]

H. Inaba, in Conference Abstracts, Ninth International Laser Radar Conference (Munich, July1979), Invited paper 2-2, p. 66.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of an optical fiber system for differential absorption measurement of NO2 concentrations in a sample cell at a remote location.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Example of real-time monitoring of the NO2 concentration in the exhaust of a two-stroke motorcycle engine in the atmosphere.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relation of two voltage SNRs to fiber length. Two points indicate experimental values for (SNR)f; the lines for (SNR)p are estimated using the system parameters. Curve A corresponds to a fiber loss of αf = 50 dB/km and an optical path length of Lc = 1 m for the sample cell; curve B corresponds to αf = 20 dB/km and Lc = 1 km, with 10-mW laser power; NEP = 1 × 10−15 W/Hz1/2 and detection time constant of T = 1 sec.

Equations (1)

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N min = 1 Δ α L c ( SNR ) = 1 Δ α L c [ ( SNR ) p - 2 + ( SNR ) f - 2 ] 1 / 2 ,

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