Abstract

A light-focusing plastic fiber (LFF) with a parabolic refractive-index distribution was obtained by the continuous heat drawing of the preform prepared from the photocopolymerization of methyl methacrylate with vinyl benzoate. The relation between the preparation conditions and the optical and mechanical properties of the LFFs was clarified. The index profile of the LFFs is found to be scarcely affected by the continuous heat drawing process compared with that of original preforms. The resulting LFF would be suitable for short-distance communication systems due to its attenuation being higher than 103 dB/km.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

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  19. Registered trade name of Carl Zeiss, Jena, East Germany.
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1981 (2)

1980 (6)

1979 (1)

1978 (3)

Y. Ohtsuka, Y. Shimizu, Kobunshi Ronbunshu 35, 169 (1978).

Y. Ohtsuka, M. Chino, Kobunshi Ronbunshu 35, 735 (1978).

Y. Ohtsuka, T. Senga, Kobunshi Ronbunshu 35, 721 (1978).

1976 (2)

Y. Ohtsuka, Y. Hatanaka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 735 (1976).

Y. Ohtsuka, I. Nakamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 559 (1976).

1974 (3)

Y. Ohtsuka, T. Senga, H. Yasuda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 659 (1974).

M. Haas, J. W. Davisson, P. H. Klein, L. L. Boyer, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3959 (1974).

T. F. Deutsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 109 (1974).

1970 (3)

E. G. Rawson, D. R. Herriott, J. McKenna, Appl. Opt. 9, 753 (1970).

I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, Suppl. J. Jpn. Soc. Appl. Phys. 39, 63 (1970).

F. P. Kapron, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1433 (1970).

Boyer, L. L.

M. Haas, J. W. Davisson, P. H. Klein, L. L. Boyer, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3959 (1974).

Chino, M.

Y. Ohtsuka, M. Chino, Kobunshi Ronbunshu 35, 735 (1978).

Davisson, J. W.

M. Haas, J. W. Davisson, P. H. Klein, L. L. Boyer, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3959 (1974).

Deutsch, T. F.

T. F. Deutsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 109 (1974).

Furukawa, M.

I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, Suppl. J. Jpn. Soc. Appl. Phys. 39, 63 (1970).

Haas, M.

M. Haas, J. W. Davisson, P. H. Klein, L. L. Boyer, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3959 (1974).

Hatanaka, Y.

Y. Ohtsuka, Y. Hatanaka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 735 (1976).

Herriott, D. R.

Iga, K.

Kapron, F. P.

Kawazu, M.

Kitano, I.

T. Miyazawa, K. Okada, T. Kubo, K. Nishizawa, I. Kitano, K. Iga, Appl. Opt. 19, 1113 (1980).

I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, Suppl. J. Jpn. Soc. Appl. Phys. 39, 63 (1970).

Klein, P. H.

M. Haas, J. W. Davisson, P. H. Klein, L. L. Boyer, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3959 (1974).

Koike, Y.

Koizumi, K.

I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, Suppl. J. Jpn. Soc. Appl. Phys. 39, 63 (1970).

Kubo, T.

Marcuse, D.

Matsumura, H.

I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, Suppl. J. Jpn. Soc. Appl. Phys. 39, 63 (1970).

Matsushita, K.

McKenna, J.

Miyazawa, T.

Nakamoto, I.

Y. Ohtsuka, I. Nakamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 559 (1976).

Nishizawa, K.

Ogura, Y.

Ohtsuka, Y.

Y. Ohtsuka, Y. Koike, H. Yamazaki, Appl. Opt. 20, 280 (1981).

Y. Ohtsuka, T. Sugano, Y. Terao, Appl. Opt. 20, 2319 (1981).

Y. Ohtsuka, Y. Koike, Appl. Opt. 19, 2866 (1980).

Y. Ohtsuka, Y. Shimizu, Kobunshi Ronbunshu 35, 169 (1978).

Y. Ohtsuka, T. Senga, Kobunshi Ronbunshu 35, 721 (1978).

Y. Ohtsuka, M. Chino, Kobunshi Ronbunshu 35, 735 (1978).

Y. Ohtsuka, I. Nakamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 559 (1976).

Y. Ohtsuka, Y. Hatanaka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 735 (1976).

Y. Ohtsuka, T. Senga, H. Yasuda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 659 (1974).

Okada, K.

Palais, J. C.

Rawson, E. G.

Senga, T.

Y. Ohtsuka, T. Senga, Kobunshi Ronbunshu 35, 721 (1978).

Y. Ohtsuka, T. Senga, H. Yasuda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 659 (1974).

Shimizu, Y.

Y. Ohtsuka, Y. Shimizu, Kobunshi Ronbunshu 35, 169 (1978).

Sugano, T.

Terao, Y.

Tomlinson, W. J.

Toyama, M.

Uchida, T.

I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, Suppl. J. Jpn. Soc. Appl. Phys. 39, 63 (1970).

Yamazaki, H.

Yasuda, H.

Y. Ohtsuka, T. Senga, H. Yasuda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 659 (1974).

Appl. Opt. (10)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. Ohtsuka, I. Nakamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 559 (1976).

Y. Ohtsuka, T. Senga, H. Yasuda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 659 (1974).

Y. Ohtsuka, Y. Hatanaka, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 735 (1976).

T. F. Deutsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 109 (1974).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Haas, J. W. Davisson, P. H. Klein, L. L. Boyer, J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3959 (1974).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Kobunshi Ronbunshu (3)

Y. Ohtsuka, T. Senga, Kobunshi Ronbunshu 35, 721 (1978).

Y. Ohtsuka, Y. Shimizu, Kobunshi Ronbunshu 35, 169 (1978).

Y. Ohtsuka, M. Chino, Kobunshi Ronbunshu 35, 735 (1978).

Suppl. J. Jpn. Soc. Appl. Phys. (1)

I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, Suppl. J. Jpn. Soc. Appl. Phys. 39, 63 (1970).

Other (1)

Registered trade name of Carl Zeiss, Jena, East Germany.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of the continuous heat drawing apparatus.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Effect of drawing ratio (DR) on the index profile of LFF [MMA/VB = 4.0 (wt./wt.)], where Td = 270°C. DR: (○), 100; (△), 200; (□), 300. A curve P represents the index profile of the preform.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Effect of heat drawing temperature (Td) on the index profile of LFF [MMA/VB = 3.5 (wt./wt.)], where DR = 100. Td(°C): (○), 230; (△), 250; (□), 290. A curve P represents the index profile of the preform.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Effect of monomer feed ratio (MMA/VB) on the index profile of LFF, where Td = 250°C. MMA/VB (wt./wt): (○), 2.5; (□), 5.0. Curves P2.5 and P5.0 represent the index profiles of the preforms prepared in MMA/VB = 2.5, 5.0 (wt./wt.), respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Effects of Td and MMA/VB on the attenuation of LFF: (□), LFF prepared in MMA/VB = 5.0 (wt./wt.); (○), LFF prepared in Td = 280°C.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Effects of Td and MMA/VB on the tensile strength (TS) and elongation at break (EB), where DR = 100. Open marks represent the LFFs prepared in Td = 280°C; filled marks represent those prepared in MMA/VB = 5.0 (wt./wt.): (○,●), TS (kg/mm2); (□,■), EB (%)

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Microphotographs of the real images of letter A with 40-mm height and 35-mm width formed through the rod or fiber lenses. The distances between letter A and the end faces of the samples are 250 and 180 mm for the preform and for the LFFs, respectively: (a) preform (Z = 15.9 mm) prepared in MMA/VB = 2.5 (wt./wt.); (b) LFF (Z = 1.4 mm) prepared in DR = 100; (c) LFF (Z = 1.2 mm) prepared in DR = 200. Magnification of the microscope was 4.3.

Equations (3)

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n ( r ) = n ( 0 ) ( 1 1 2 A r 2 ) = n ( 0 ) [ 1 1 2 A ( r R p ) 2 ] ,
D R = V 2 / V 1 = ( r 0 / r d ) 2 ,
L = 2 π / A .

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