Abstract

A versatile high-spectral-energy density dye laser suitable for lidar applications and high-resolution spectroscopy is reported. The dye laser includes an oscillator and preamplifier and two amplifier stages. With transverse pumping by the second harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser, an efficiency of 55% was achieved at 589 nm, providing 165 mJ in a single-longitudinal mode. Second harmonic generation results in a dye laser-to-UV conversion efficiency of 33%. Optimization of dye solutions covering the 565–880-nm range is presented. The laser was also pumped with a ruby laser, producing an output energy of 400 mJ at 770 nm.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. Megie, F. Bos, J. E. Blamont, M. L. Chanin, Planet. Space Sci. 26, 27 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  2. F. Bos, These, Paris (1978).
  3. G. Megie, Rev. Phys. Appl. 14, 369 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  4. E. V. Browell, A. F. Carter, T. D. Wilkerson, Opt. Eng. 20, 84 (1981).
  5. R. Wallenstein, H. Zacharias, Opt. Commun. 33, 429 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. L. Carlsten, T. J. McIlrath, Opt. Commun. 8, 52 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Owyoung, Opt. Commun. 11, 14 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  8. F. Bos, C. Loth, Y. H. Meyer, Opt. Commun. 16, 310 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  9. W. Hartig, Opt. Commun. 27, 447 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Moriarty, W. Heaps, D. D. Davis, Opt. Commun. 16, 324 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Bierry, R. Frey, F. Pradere, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48, 733 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Cahen, M. Clerc, P. Rigny, Opt. Commun. 21, 387 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Schiller, M. Puell, Opt. Commun. 3, 352 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  14. D. Maystre, R. Petit, Opt. Commun. 4, 25 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  15. H. Daussy, R. Dumanchin, O. de Witte, Appl. Opt. 17, 451 (1978).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. C. Cahen, J. P. Jegou, P. Gildwarg, J. Porteneuve, Rev. Phys. Appl. (1981), to be published. New lidar results obtained with the same laser were recently published by J. Pelon, P. Flamant, M. L. Chanin, G. Megie, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 292, 319 (1981); C. Cahen, J. Pelon, P. Flamant, G. Megie, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 292, 29 (1981).

1981 (1)

E. V. Browell, A. F. Carter, T. D. Wilkerson, Opt. Eng. 20, 84 (1981).

1980 (1)

R. Wallenstein, H. Zacharias, Opt. Commun. 33, 429 (1980).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

G. Megie, Rev. Phys. Appl. 14, 369 (1979).
[Crossref]

1978 (3)

G. Megie, F. Bos, J. E. Blamont, M. L. Chanin, Planet. Space Sci. 26, 27 (1978).
[Crossref]

W. Hartig, Opt. Commun. 27, 447 (1978).
[Crossref]

H. Daussy, R. Dumanchin, O. de Witte, Appl. Opt. 17, 451 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1977 (2)

M. Bierry, R. Frey, F. Pradere, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48, 733 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. Cahen, M. Clerc, P. Rigny, Opt. Commun. 21, 387 (1977).
[Crossref]

1976 (2)

A. Moriarty, W. Heaps, D. D. Davis, Opt. Commun. 16, 324 (1976).
[Crossref]

F. Bos, C. Loth, Y. H. Meyer, Opt. Commun. 16, 310 (1976).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

A. Owyoung, Opt. Commun. 11, 14 (1974).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

J. L. Carlsten, T. J. McIlrath, Opt. Commun. 8, 52 (1973).
[Crossref]

1971 (2)

H. Schiller, M. Puell, Opt. Commun. 3, 352 (1971).
[Crossref]

D. Maystre, R. Petit, Opt. Commun. 4, 25 (1971).
[Crossref]

Bierry, M.

M. Bierry, R. Frey, F. Pradere, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48, 733 (1977).
[Crossref]

Blamont, J. E.

G. Megie, F. Bos, J. E. Blamont, M. L. Chanin, Planet. Space Sci. 26, 27 (1978).
[Crossref]

Bos, F.

G. Megie, F. Bos, J. E. Blamont, M. L. Chanin, Planet. Space Sci. 26, 27 (1978).
[Crossref]

F. Bos, C. Loth, Y. H. Meyer, Opt. Commun. 16, 310 (1976).
[Crossref]

F. Bos, These, Paris (1978).

Browell, E. V.

E. V. Browell, A. F. Carter, T. D. Wilkerson, Opt. Eng. 20, 84 (1981).

Cahen, C.

C. Cahen, J. P. Jegou, P. Gildwarg, J. Porteneuve, Rev. Phys. Appl. (1981), to be published. New lidar results obtained with the same laser were recently published by J. Pelon, P. Flamant, M. L. Chanin, G. Megie, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 292, 319 (1981); C. Cahen, J. Pelon, P. Flamant, G. Megie, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 292, 29 (1981).

Cahen, J.

J. Cahen, M. Clerc, P. Rigny, Opt. Commun. 21, 387 (1977).
[Crossref]

Carlsten, J. L.

J. L. Carlsten, T. J. McIlrath, Opt. Commun. 8, 52 (1973).
[Crossref]

Carter, A. F.

E. V. Browell, A. F. Carter, T. D. Wilkerson, Opt. Eng. 20, 84 (1981).

Chanin, M. L.

G. Megie, F. Bos, J. E. Blamont, M. L. Chanin, Planet. Space Sci. 26, 27 (1978).
[Crossref]

Clerc, M.

J. Cahen, M. Clerc, P. Rigny, Opt. Commun. 21, 387 (1977).
[Crossref]

Daussy, H.

Davis, D. D.

A. Moriarty, W. Heaps, D. D. Davis, Opt. Commun. 16, 324 (1976).
[Crossref]

de Witte, O.

Dumanchin, R.

Frey, R.

M. Bierry, R. Frey, F. Pradere, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48, 733 (1977).
[Crossref]

Gildwarg, P.

C. Cahen, J. P. Jegou, P. Gildwarg, J. Porteneuve, Rev. Phys. Appl. (1981), to be published. New lidar results obtained with the same laser were recently published by J. Pelon, P. Flamant, M. L. Chanin, G. Megie, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 292, 319 (1981); C. Cahen, J. Pelon, P. Flamant, G. Megie, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 292, 29 (1981).

Hartig, W.

W. Hartig, Opt. Commun. 27, 447 (1978).
[Crossref]

Heaps, W.

A. Moriarty, W. Heaps, D. D. Davis, Opt. Commun. 16, 324 (1976).
[Crossref]

Jegou, J. P.

C. Cahen, J. P. Jegou, P. Gildwarg, J. Porteneuve, Rev. Phys. Appl. (1981), to be published. New lidar results obtained with the same laser were recently published by J. Pelon, P. Flamant, M. L. Chanin, G. Megie, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 292, 319 (1981); C. Cahen, J. Pelon, P. Flamant, G. Megie, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 292, 29 (1981).

Loth, C.

F. Bos, C. Loth, Y. H. Meyer, Opt. Commun. 16, 310 (1976).
[Crossref]

Maystre, D.

D. Maystre, R. Petit, Opt. Commun. 4, 25 (1971).
[Crossref]

McIlrath, T. J.

J. L. Carlsten, T. J. McIlrath, Opt. Commun. 8, 52 (1973).
[Crossref]

Megie, G.

G. Megie, Rev. Phys. Appl. 14, 369 (1979).
[Crossref]

G. Megie, F. Bos, J. E. Blamont, M. L. Chanin, Planet. Space Sci. 26, 27 (1978).
[Crossref]

Meyer, Y. H.

F. Bos, C. Loth, Y. H. Meyer, Opt. Commun. 16, 310 (1976).
[Crossref]

Moriarty, A.

A. Moriarty, W. Heaps, D. D. Davis, Opt. Commun. 16, 324 (1976).
[Crossref]

Owyoung, A.

A. Owyoung, Opt. Commun. 11, 14 (1974).
[Crossref]

Petit, R.

D. Maystre, R. Petit, Opt. Commun. 4, 25 (1971).
[Crossref]

Porteneuve, J.

C. Cahen, J. P. Jegou, P. Gildwarg, J. Porteneuve, Rev. Phys. Appl. (1981), to be published. New lidar results obtained with the same laser were recently published by J. Pelon, P. Flamant, M. L. Chanin, G. Megie, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 292, 319 (1981); C. Cahen, J. Pelon, P. Flamant, G. Megie, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 292, 29 (1981).

Pradere, F.

M. Bierry, R. Frey, F. Pradere, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48, 733 (1977).
[Crossref]

Puell, M.

H. Schiller, M. Puell, Opt. Commun. 3, 352 (1971).
[Crossref]

Rigny, P.

J. Cahen, M. Clerc, P. Rigny, Opt. Commun. 21, 387 (1977).
[Crossref]

Schiller, H.

H. Schiller, M. Puell, Opt. Commun. 3, 352 (1971).
[Crossref]

Wallenstein, R.

R. Wallenstein, H. Zacharias, Opt. Commun. 33, 429 (1980).
[Crossref]

Wilkerson, T. D.

E. V. Browell, A. F. Carter, T. D. Wilkerson, Opt. Eng. 20, 84 (1981).

Zacharias, H.

R. Wallenstein, H. Zacharias, Opt. Commun. 33, 429 (1980).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Opt. Commun. (9)

J. Cahen, M. Clerc, P. Rigny, Opt. Commun. 21, 387 (1977).
[Crossref]

H. Schiller, M. Puell, Opt. Commun. 3, 352 (1971).
[Crossref]

D. Maystre, R. Petit, Opt. Commun. 4, 25 (1971).
[Crossref]

R. Wallenstein, H. Zacharias, Opt. Commun. 33, 429 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. L. Carlsten, T. J. McIlrath, Opt. Commun. 8, 52 (1973).
[Crossref]

A. Owyoung, Opt. Commun. 11, 14 (1974).
[Crossref]

F. Bos, C. Loth, Y. H. Meyer, Opt. Commun. 16, 310 (1976).
[Crossref]

W. Hartig, Opt. Commun. 27, 447 (1978).
[Crossref]

A. Moriarty, W. Heaps, D. D. Davis, Opt. Commun. 16, 324 (1976).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

E. V. Browell, A. F. Carter, T. D. Wilkerson, Opt. Eng. 20, 84 (1981).

Rev. Phys. Appl. (1)

G. Megie, Rev. Phys. Appl. 14, 369 (1979).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. Bierry, R. Frey, F. Pradere, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 48, 733 (1977).
[Crossref]

Space Sci. (1)

G. Megie, F. Bos, J. E. Blamont, M. L. Chanin, Planet. Space Sci. 26, 27 (1978).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

F. Bos, These, Paris (1978).

C. Cahen, J. P. Jegou, P. Gildwarg, J. Porteneuve, Rev. Phys. Appl. (1981), to be published. New lidar results obtained with the same laser were recently published by J. Pelon, P. Flamant, M. L. Chanin, G. Megie, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 292, 319 (1981); C. Cahen, J. Pelon, P. Flamant, G. Megie, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 292, 29 (1981).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the dye laser system: T1, input telescope; BS, beam splitters; M, mirrors; CL, cylindrical lenses; G, grating; E, etalon; T2, intracavity telescope; OC, oscillator dye cell; BP, Broca prism; OM, output mirror; FR, Fresnel rotator; PC, preamplifier dye cell; DS, dispersive system (Broca prisms); AC, amplifiers dye cells; T3, output telescope; DC, doubling crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absolute efficiency of the gratings used: (a) high incidence angle grating (3380 grooves/mm); (b) usual dye laser grating (3000 grooves/mm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulses emitted by the oscillator pumped by a nitrogen laser: (a) pulse from the nitrogen laser; (b) pulse from the oscillator with the grating alone; (c) pulse from the oscillator with the etalon.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Linewidths obtained with the dye laser: λ = 590 nm, 165-mJ output energy, 175 laser shots are summarized (a) with the grating alone; (b) with the etalon bandwidth adjusted on a cavity mode; (c) with the etalon bandwidth between two cavity modes.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

He–Ne laser spectrum recorded with the device used to analyze the dye laser linewidth.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dye laser linewidths obtained with modulation of the cavity modes: λ = 590 nm, 165-mJ output energy, 175 laser shots are summarized. (a) With the grating alone; (b) with the etalon.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Tuning curves of the dyes listed in Table I.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Characteristics of the Dyes and Mixtures of Dyes Allowing Coverage of the 565–875-nm Range with Excitation at 530 nm

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λ = 2 a sin θ K ,
Δ ν = c 2 λ tan θ Δ θ ,
Δ θ = 4 π λ D .
Δ ν = 4 a c cos θ π λ K D ( ln 2 2 ) 1 / 2 = 4 a c π λ K L ( ln 2 2 ) 1 / 2
Δ ν ν = Δ λ λ = ( 8 ln 2 ) 1 / 2 π K N

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