Abstract

The National Bureau of Standards has made available a new standard of spectral irradiance in the form of a 200-W quartz-iodine lamp with a coiled-coil tungsten filament operating at about 3000°K and calibrated over the spectral range of 0.25 to 2.6 μ. The calibration of this standard is based upon the radiance of a blackbody as defined by the Planck law of radiation, since it was done by comparisons with the NBS standards of spectral radiance, of luminous intensity, and of total irradiance, each of which was established through the use of blackbodies. This standard is used without auxiliary optics. Because of its small physical size and high operating temperature, relatively high spectral irradiances may be obtained through its use.

© 1963 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. W. Coblentz, Bull. Natl. Bur. Standards 11, 87, S227 (1914).
  2. W. W. Coblentz, W. B. Emerson, Bull. Natl. Bur. Standards 12, 503, S261 (1916).
  3. W. W. Coblentz, R. Stair, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 11, 79 (1933).
  4. R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 53, 211 (1954).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. G. Worthing, Phys. Rev. 10, 377 (1917); J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 635 (1926).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. C. Hamaker, “Reflectivity and Emissivity of Tungsten” (Inaug. Diss., Utrecht, Holland, 1934).
  7. J. C. DeVos, Physica 20, 669, 690, 715 (1954).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. D. Larrabee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 619 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Hoffman, H. Willenberg, Physik Z. 35, 1, 713 (1934).
  10. L. S. Ornstein, Physica 3, 561 (1936).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Zwikker, “Physiche Eigenshappen Van Wolfraam by Hooge Temperaturen” (thesis, Amsterdam, 1925).
  12. R. Stair, W. O. Smith, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 30, 449 (1943).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Stair, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 46, 437 (1951).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. J. Condell, F. T. Byrne, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 1, 135 (1957).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. E. Barbrow, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 1122 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. J. Condell, Tungsten spectral intensity calibration methods, U. Md. Report REMP-3 (1959).
  17. F. Grum, Appl. Opt. 2, 237 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, E. W. Halback, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 64A, 291 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  19. E. G. Zubler, F. A. Mosby, Illum. Eng. LIV, 734 (1959).
  20. C. J. Allen, R. L. Paugh, Illum. Eng. LIV, 741 (1959).
  21. R. P. Teele, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 826 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  22. F. E. Fowle, Astrophys. J. 35, 149 (1912).
    [CrossRef]
  23. F. E. Fowle, Astrophys. J. 37, 359 (1913).
    [CrossRef]
  24. F. E. Fowle, Astrophys. J. 42, 394 (1915).
    [CrossRef]
  25. L. B. Aldrich, Smithsonian Inst. Misc. Collections 111 (No. 12) 1 (1949).
  26. R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 61, 419 (1958).
    [CrossRef]

1963

1962

1960

R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, E. W. Halback, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 64A, 291 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1959

E. G. Zubler, F. A. Mosby, Illum. Eng. LIV, 734 (1959).

C. J. Allen, R. L. Paugh, Illum. Eng. LIV, 741 (1959).

R. D. Larrabee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 619 (1959).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Barbrow, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 1122 (1959).
[CrossRef]

1958

R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 61, 419 (1958).
[CrossRef]

1957

W. J. Condell, F. T. Byrne, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 1, 135 (1957).
[CrossRef]

1954

J. C. DeVos, Physica 20, 669, 690, 715 (1954).
[CrossRef]

R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 53, 211 (1954).
[CrossRef]

1951

R. Stair, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 46, 437 (1951).
[CrossRef]

1949

L. B. Aldrich, Smithsonian Inst. Misc. Collections 111 (No. 12) 1 (1949).

1943

R. Stair, W. O. Smith, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 30, 449 (1943).
[CrossRef]

1936

L. S. Ornstein, Physica 3, 561 (1936).
[CrossRef]

1934

F. Hoffman, H. Willenberg, Physik Z. 35, 1, 713 (1934).

1933

W. W. Coblentz, R. Stair, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 11, 79 (1933).

1917

A. G. Worthing, Phys. Rev. 10, 377 (1917); J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 635 (1926).
[CrossRef]

1916

W. W. Coblentz, W. B. Emerson, Bull. Natl. Bur. Standards 12, 503, S261 (1916).

1915

F. E. Fowle, Astrophys. J. 42, 394 (1915).
[CrossRef]

1914

W. W. Coblentz, Bull. Natl. Bur. Standards 11, 87, S227 (1914).

1913

F. E. Fowle, Astrophys. J. 37, 359 (1913).
[CrossRef]

1912

F. E. Fowle, Astrophys. J. 35, 149 (1912).
[CrossRef]

Aldrich, L. B.

L. B. Aldrich, Smithsonian Inst. Misc. Collections 111 (No. 12) 1 (1949).

Allen, C. J.

C. J. Allen, R. L. Paugh, Illum. Eng. LIV, 741 (1959).

Barbrow, L. E.

Byrne, F. T.

W. J. Condell, F. T. Byrne, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 1, 135 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Coblentz, W. W.

W. W. Coblentz, R. Stair, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 11, 79 (1933).

W. W. Coblentz, W. B. Emerson, Bull. Natl. Bur. Standards 12, 503, S261 (1916).

W. W. Coblentz, Bull. Natl. Bur. Standards 11, 87, S227 (1914).

Condell, W. J.

W. J. Condell, F. T. Byrne, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 1, 135 (1957).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Condell, Tungsten spectral intensity calibration methods, U. Md. Report REMP-3 (1959).

DeVos, J. C.

J. C. DeVos, Physica 20, 669, 690, 715 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Emerson, W. B.

W. W. Coblentz, W. B. Emerson, Bull. Natl. Bur. Standards 12, 503, S261 (1916).

Fowle, F. E.

F. E. Fowle, Astrophys. J. 42, 394 (1915).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Fowle, Astrophys. J. 37, 359 (1913).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Fowle, Astrophys. J. 35, 149 (1912).
[CrossRef]

Grum, F.

Halback, E. W.

R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, E. W. Halback, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 64A, 291 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Hamaker, H. C.

H. C. Hamaker, “Reflectivity and Emissivity of Tungsten” (Inaug. Diss., Utrecht, Holland, 1934).

Hoffman, F.

F. Hoffman, H. Willenberg, Physik Z. 35, 1, 713 (1934).

Johnston, R. G.

R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, E. W. Halback, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 64A, 291 (1960).
[CrossRef]

R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 61, 419 (1958).
[CrossRef]

R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 53, 211 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Larrabee, R. D.

Mosby, F. A.

E. G. Zubler, F. A. Mosby, Illum. Eng. LIV, 734 (1959).

Ornstein, L. S.

L. S. Ornstein, Physica 3, 561 (1936).
[CrossRef]

Paugh, R. L.

C. J. Allen, R. L. Paugh, Illum. Eng. LIV, 741 (1959).

Smith, W. O.

R. Stair, W. O. Smith, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 30, 449 (1943).
[CrossRef]

Stair, R.

R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, E. W. Halback, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 64A, 291 (1960).
[CrossRef]

R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 61, 419 (1958).
[CrossRef]

R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 53, 211 (1954).
[CrossRef]

R. Stair, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 46, 437 (1951).
[CrossRef]

R. Stair, W. O. Smith, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 30, 449 (1943).
[CrossRef]

W. W. Coblentz, R. Stair, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 11, 79 (1933).

Teele, R. P.

Willenberg, H.

F. Hoffman, H. Willenberg, Physik Z. 35, 1, 713 (1934).

Worthing, A. G.

A. G. Worthing, Phys. Rev. 10, 377 (1917); J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 635 (1926).
[CrossRef]

Zubler, E. G.

E. G. Zubler, F. A. Mosby, Illum. Eng. LIV, 734 (1959).

Zwikker, C.

C. Zwikker, “Physiche Eigenshappen Van Wolfraam by Hooge Temperaturen” (thesis, Amsterdam, 1925).

Appl. Opt.

Astrophys. J.

F. E. Fowle, Astrophys. J. 35, 149 (1912).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Fowle, Astrophys. J. 37, 359 (1913).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Fowle, Astrophys. J. 42, 394 (1915).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Natl. Bur. Standards

W. W. Coblentz, Bull. Natl. Bur. Standards 11, 87, S227 (1914).

W. W. Coblentz, W. B. Emerson, Bull. Natl. Bur. Standards 12, 503, S261 (1916).

Illum. Eng.

E. G. Zubler, F. A. Mosby, Illum. Eng. LIV, 734 (1959).

C. J. Allen, R. L. Paugh, Illum. Eng. LIV, 741 (1959).

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards

W. W. Coblentz, R. Stair, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 11, 79 (1933).

R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 53, 211 (1954).
[CrossRef]

R. Stair, W. O. Smith, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 30, 449 (1943).
[CrossRef]

R. Stair, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 46, 437 (1951).
[CrossRef]

R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, E. W. Halback, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 64A, 291 (1960).
[CrossRef]

R. Stair, R. G. Johnston, J. Research Natl. Bur. Standards 61, 419 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

A. G. Worthing, Phys. Rev. 10, 377 (1917); J. Opt. Soc. Am. 13, 635 (1926).
[CrossRef]

Physica

L. S. Ornstein, Physica 3, 561 (1936).
[CrossRef]

J. C. DeVos, Physica 20, 669, 690, 715 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Physik Z.

F. Hoffman, H. Willenberg, Physik Z. 35, 1, 713 (1934).

Smithsonian Inst. Misc. Collections

L. B. Aldrich, Smithsonian Inst. Misc. Collections 111 (No. 12) 1 (1949).

Other

C. Zwikker, “Physiche Eigenshappen Van Wolfraam by Hooge Temperaturen” (thesis, Amsterdam, 1925).

H. C. Hamaker, “Reflectivity and Emissivity of Tungsten” (Inaug. Diss., Utrecht, Holland, 1934).

W. J. Condell, Tungsten spectral intensity calibration methods, U. Md. Report REMP-3 (1959).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Quartz-iodine lamp standard of spectral irradiance.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical arrangement of spectrometer, lamp, mirrors, and associated equipment for comparing the quartz-iodine lamp standards of spectral irradiance with the ribbon-filament standards of spectral radiance.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Electrical circuit for lamp operation to provide smooth current control.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Spectral Irradiance of Three 200-W Quartz-Iodine Tungsten-Filament Lampsa

Metrics