Abstract

Processes resulting in average power limitations in high-repetition-rate pulsed lasers are studied. The description and performance of a CO2 laser with an average power up to 10 kW as well as of an optically pumped CF4 laser are given.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. S. Dzakowic, S. A. Wutzke, Appl. Phys. 44, 5061 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. P. Velikhov, V. D. Pismenny, A. T. Rakhimov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk. 122, 419 (1977) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 20, 586 (1977)].
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, in Plasma Chemistry, B. M. Smirnov, Ed. (Atomizdat, Moscow, 1979) Vol. 6, p. 153.
  4. S. A. Zhdanok, A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, Th. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 76, 130 (1979) [Sov. Phys. JETP 49, 66 (1979)].
  5. V. Yu. Baranov, T. I. Vysikailo, A. P. Napartovich, V. G. Nizev, C. V. Pigulsky, A. N. Starostin. Plasma Phys. 4, 358 (1978).
  6. L. S. Polak, P. A. Sergeev, D. I. Slovetsky, Teplofi. Vys. Temp. 15, 15 (1977).
  7. S. A. Zhdanok, A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, Pis’ma Th. Tech. Fiz. 5, No. 3 (1979) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 5, No. 3 (1979)].
  8. V. Yu. Baranov, G. M. Klepach et al., Teplofiz. Vys. Temp. 15, 972 (1977).
  9. V. Yu. Baranov, D. D. Malyuta, Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 5, 2186 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 1234 (1978)].
  10. V. Yu. Baranov, V. N. Bagratashvili, S. A. Kazakov et al., Appl. Phys. 14, 217 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. N. Bagratashvili, V. Yu. Baranov, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 2 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron in press].
  12. V. Yu. Baranov, B. I. Vasiliev, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 5, 940 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum. Electron. 8, 544 (1978)].
  13. V. Yu. Baranov, Yu. A. Gorokhov, A. P. Dyadkin et al., Appl. Phys. 17, 317 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. Yu. Baranov, E. P. Velikhov, S. A. Kazakov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron (Moscow) 6, 480 (1979). [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 811 (1979)].
  15. J. J. Tice, C. Wittig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 420 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. I. Vasiliev, A. Z. Grasyuk, A. P. Dyadkin, H. P. Fuzsikov, Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. No. 2, 34 (1978).
  17. V. Yu. Baranov, B. I. Vasiliev, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron (Moscow) 5, No. 4 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 544 (1978)].
  18. A. Stein, P. Rabinowitz, A. Kaldor, Opt. Lett. 3, 97 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. V. G. Averin, S. S. Alimpiev, G. S. Baranov et al., Pis’ma Th. Tech. Lett. 4, 1309 (1978) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 4, 527 (1978)].
  20. J. R. Isatt, C. J. Budhiraja, P. Muthien, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 397 (1977).

1979 (4)

S. A. Zhdanok, A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, Th. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 76, 130 (1979) [Sov. Phys. JETP 49, 66 (1979)].

S. A. Zhdanok, A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, Pis’ma Th. Tech. Fiz. 5, No. 3 (1979) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 5, No. 3 (1979)].

V. N. Bagratashvili, V. Yu. Baranov, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 2 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron in press].

V. Yu. Baranov, E. P. Velikhov, S. A. Kazakov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron (Moscow) 6, 480 (1979). [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 811 (1979)].

1978 (8)

V. Yu. Baranov, B. I. Vasiliev, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 5, 940 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum. Electron. 8, 544 (1978)].

V. Yu. Baranov, Yu. A. Gorokhov, A. P. Dyadkin et al., Appl. Phys. 17, 317 (1978).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Vasiliev, A. Z. Grasyuk, A. P. Dyadkin, H. P. Fuzsikov, Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. No. 2, 34 (1978).

V. Yu. Baranov, B. I. Vasiliev, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron (Moscow) 5, No. 4 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 544 (1978)].

V. G. Averin, S. S. Alimpiev, G. S. Baranov et al., Pis’ma Th. Tech. Lett. 4, 1309 (1978) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 4, 527 (1978)].

V. Yu. Baranov, D. D. Malyuta, Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 5, 2186 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 1234 (1978)].

V. Yu. Baranov, T. I. Vysikailo, A. P. Napartovich, V. G. Nizev, C. V. Pigulsky, A. N. Starostin. Plasma Phys. 4, 358 (1978).

A. Stein, P. Rabinowitz, A. Kaldor, Opt. Lett. 3, 97 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977 (6)

L. S. Polak, P. A. Sergeev, D. I. Slovetsky, Teplofi. Vys. Temp. 15, 15 (1977).

E. P. Velikhov, V. D. Pismenny, A. T. Rakhimov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk. 122, 419 (1977) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 20, 586 (1977)].
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Baranov, V. N. Bagratashvili, S. A. Kazakov et al., Appl. Phys. 14, 217 (1977).
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Baranov, G. M. Klepach et al., Teplofiz. Vys. Temp. 15, 972 (1977).

J. R. Isatt, C. J. Budhiraja, P. Muthien, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 397 (1977).

J. J. Tice, C. Wittig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 420 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

C. S. Dzakowic, S. A. Wutzke, Appl. Phys. 44, 5061 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Alimpiev, S. S.

V. G. Averin, S. S. Alimpiev, G. S. Baranov et al., Pis’ma Th. Tech. Lett. 4, 1309 (1978) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 4, 527 (1978)].

Averin, V. G.

V. G. Averin, S. S. Alimpiev, G. S. Baranov et al., Pis’ma Th. Tech. Lett. 4, 1309 (1978) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 4, 527 (1978)].

Bagratashvili, V. N.

V. N. Bagratashvili, V. Yu. Baranov, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 2 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron in press].

V. Yu. Baranov, V. N. Bagratashvili, S. A. Kazakov et al., Appl. Phys. 14, 217 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Baranov, G. S.

V. G. Averin, S. S. Alimpiev, G. S. Baranov et al., Pis’ma Th. Tech. Lett. 4, 1309 (1978) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 4, 527 (1978)].

Baranov, V. Yu.

V. Yu. Baranov, E. P. Velikhov, S. A. Kazakov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron (Moscow) 6, 480 (1979). [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 811 (1979)].

V. N. Bagratashvili, V. Yu. Baranov, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 2 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron in press].

V. Yu. Baranov, D. D. Malyuta, Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 5, 2186 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 1234 (1978)].

V. Yu. Baranov, T. I. Vysikailo, A. P. Napartovich, V. G. Nizev, C. V. Pigulsky, A. N. Starostin. Plasma Phys. 4, 358 (1978).

V. Yu. Baranov, Yu. A. Gorokhov, A. P. Dyadkin et al., Appl. Phys. 17, 317 (1978).
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Baranov, B. I. Vasiliev, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron (Moscow) 5, No. 4 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 544 (1978)].

V. Yu. Baranov, B. I. Vasiliev, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 5, 940 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum. Electron. 8, 544 (1978)].

V. Yu. Baranov, G. M. Klepach et al., Teplofiz. Vys. Temp. 15, 972 (1977).

V. Yu. Baranov, V. N. Bagratashvili, S. A. Kazakov et al., Appl. Phys. 14, 217 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Budhiraja, C. J.

J. R. Isatt, C. J. Budhiraja, P. Muthien, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 397 (1977).

Dyadkin, A. P.

V. Yu. Baranov, Yu. A. Gorokhov, A. P. Dyadkin et al., Appl. Phys. 17, 317 (1978).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Vasiliev, A. Z. Grasyuk, A. P. Dyadkin, H. P. Fuzsikov, Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. No. 2, 34 (1978).

Dzakowic, C. S.

C. S. Dzakowic, S. A. Wutzke, Appl. Phys. 44, 5061 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Fuzsikov, H. P.

B. I. Vasiliev, A. Z. Grasyuk, A. P. Dyadkin, H. P. Fuzsikov, Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. No. 2, 34 (1978).

Gorokhov, Yu. A.

V. Yu. Baranov, Yu. A. Gorokhov, A. P. Dyadkin et al., Appl. Phys. 17, 317 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Grasyuk, A. Z.

B. I. Vasiliev, A. Z. Grasyuk, A. P. Dyadkin, H. P. Fuzsikov, Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. No. 2, 34 (1978).

Isatt, J. R.

J. R. Isatt, C. J. Budhiraja, P. Muthien, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 397 (1977).

Kaldor, A.

Kazakov, S. A.

V. Yu. Baranov, E. P. Velikhov, S. A. Kazakov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron (Moscow) 6, 480 (1979). [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 811 (1979)].

V. Yu. Baranov, V. N. Bagratashvili, S. A. Kazakov et al., Appl. Phys. 14, 217 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Klepach, G. M.

V. Yu. Baranov, G. M. Klepach et al., Teplofiz. Vys. Temp. 15, 972 (1977).

Malyuta, D. D.

V. Yu. Baranov, D. D. Malyuta, Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 5, 2186 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 1234 (1978)].

Muthien, P.

J. R. Isatt, C. J. Budhiraja, P. Muthien, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 397 (1977).

Napartovich, A. P.

S. A. Zhdanok, A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, Pis’ma Th. Tech. Fiz. 5, No. 3 (1979) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 5, No. 3 (1979)].

S. A. Zhdanok, A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, Th. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 76, 130 (1979) [Sov. Phys. JETP 49, 66 (1979)].

V. Yu. Baranov, T. I. Vysikailo, A. P. Napartovich, V. G. Nizev, C. V. Pigulsky, A. N. Starostin. Plasma Phys. 4, 358 (1978).

A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, in Plasma Chemistry, B. M. Smirnov, Ed. (Atomizdat, Moscow, 1979) Vol. 6, p. 153.

Nizev, V. G.

V. Yu. Baranov, T. I. Vysikailo, A. P. Napartovich, V. G. Nizev, C. V. Pigulsky, A. N. Starostin. Plasma Phys. 4, 358 (1978).

Pigulsky, C. V.

V. Yu. Baranov, T. I. Vysikailo, A. P. Napartovich, V. G. Nizev, C. V. Pigulsky, A. N. Starostin. Plasma Phys. 4, 358 (1978).

Pismenny, V. D.

E. P. Velikhov, V. D. Pismenny, A. T. Rakhimov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk. 122, 419 (1977) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 20, 586 (1977)].
[CrossRef]

Polak, L. S.

L. S. Polak, P. A. Sergeev, D. I. Slovetsky, Teplofi. Vys. Temp. 15, 15 (1977).

Rabinowitz, P.

Rakhimov, A. T.

E. P. Velikhov, V. D. Pismenny, A. T. Rakhimov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk. 122, 419 (1977) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 20, 586 (1977)].
[CrossRef]

Sergeev, P. A.

L. S. Polak, P. A. Sergeev, D. I. Slovetsky, Teplofi. Vys. Temp. 15, 15 (1977).

Slovetsky, D. I.

L. S. Polak, P. A. Sergeev, D. I. Slovetsky, Teplofi. Vys. Temp. 15, 15 (1977).

Starostin, A. N.

S. A. Zhdanok, A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, Th. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 76, 130 (1979) [Sov. Phys. JETP 49, 66 (1979)].

S. A. Zhdanok, A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, Pis’ma Th. Tech. Fiz. 5, No. 3 (1979) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 5, No. 3 (1979)].

V. Yu. Baranov, T. I. Vysikailo, A. P. Napartovich, V. G. Nizev, C. V. Pigulsky, A. N. Starostin. Plasma Phys. 4, 358 (1978).

A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, in Plasma Chemistry, B. M. Smirnov, Ed. (Atomizdat, Moscow, 1979) Vol. 6, p. 153.

Stein, A.

Tice, J. J.

J. J. Tice, C. Wittig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 420 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Vasiliev, B. I.

B. I. Vasiliev, A. Z. Grasyuk, A. P. Dyadkin, H. P. Fuzsikov, Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. No. 2, 34 (1978).

V. Yu. Baranov, B. I. Vasiliev, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 5, 940 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum. Electron. 8, 544 (1978)].

V. Yu. Baranov, B. I. Vasiliev, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron (Moscow) 5, No. 4 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 544 (1978)].

Velikhov, E. P.

V. Yu. Baranov, E. P. Velikhov, S. A. Kazakov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron (Moscow) 6, 480 (1979). [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 811 (1979)].

V. N. Bagratashvili, V. Yu. Baranov, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 2 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron in press].

V. Yu. Baranov, B. I. Vasiliev, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron (Moscow) 5, No. 4 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 544 (1978)].

V. Yu. Baranov, B. I. Vasiliev, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 5, 940 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum. Electron. 8, 544 (1978)].

E. P. Velikhov, V. D. Pismenny, A. T. Rakhimov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk. 122, 419 (1977) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 20, 586 (1977)].
[CrossRef]

Vysikailo, T. I.

V. Yu. Baranov, T. I. Vysikailo, A. P. Napartovich, V. G. Nizev, C. V. Pigulsky, A. N. Starostin. Plasma Phys. 4, 358 (1978).

Wittig, C.

J. J. Tice, C. Wittig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 420 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Wutzke, S. A.

C. S. Dzakowic, S. A. Wutzke, Appl. Phys. 44, 5061 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Zhdanok, S. A.

S. A. Zhdanok, A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, Th. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 76, 130 (1979) [Sov. Phys. JETP 49, 66 (1979)].

S. A. Zhdanok, A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, Pis’ma Th. Tech. Fiz. 5, No. 3 (1979) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 5, No. 3 (1979)].

Appl. Phys. (3)

C. S. Dzakowic, S. A. Wutzke, Appl. Phys. 44, 5061 (1973).
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Baranov, V. N. Bagratashvili, S. A. Kazakov et al., Appl. Phys. 14, 217 (1977).
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Baranov, Yu. A. Gorokhov, A. P. Dyadkin et al., Appl. Phys. 17, 317 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. J. Tice, C. Wittig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 420 (1977).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. R. Isatt, C. J. Budhiraja, P. Muthien, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 397 (1977).

Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. (1)

B. I. Vasiliev, A. Z. Grasyuk, A. P. Dyadkin, H. P. Fuzsikov, Kratk. Soobshch. Fiz. No. 2, 34 (1978).

Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) (1)

V. Yu. Baranov, D. D. Malyuta, Kvantovaya Electron. (Moscow) 5, 2186 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 1234 (1978)].

Kvantovaya Elektron (Moscow) (2)

V. Yu. Baranov, B. I. Vasiliev, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron (Moscow) 5, No. 4 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 544 (1978)].

V. Yu. Baranov, E. P. Velikhov, S. A. Kazakov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron (Moscow) 6, 480 (1979). [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 811 (1979)].

Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) (2)

V. N. Bagratashvili, V. Yu. Baranov, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 6, 2 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron in press].

V. Yu. Baranov, B. I. Vasiliev, E. P. Velikhov et al., Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 5, 940 (1978) [Sov. J. Quantum. Electron. 8, 544 (1978)].

Opt. Lett. (1)

Pis’ma Th. Tech. Fiz. (1)

S. A. Zhdanok, A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, Pis’ma Th. Tech. Fiz. 5, No. 3 (1979) [Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 5, No. 3 (1979)].

Pis’ma Th. Tech. Lett. (1)

V. G. Averin, S. S. Alimpiev, G. S. Baranov et al., Pis’ma Th. Tech. Lett. 4, 1309 (1978) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 4, 527 (1978)].

Plasma Phys. (1)

V. Yu. Baranov, T. I. Vysikailo, A. P. Napartovich, V. G. Nizev, C. V. Pigulsky, A. N. Starostin. Plasma Phys. 4, 358 (1978).

Teplofi. Vys. Temp. (1)

L. S. Polak, P. A. Sergeev, D. I. Slovetsky, Teplofi. Vys. Temp. 15, 15 (1977).

Teplofiz. Vys. Temp. (1)

V. Yu. Baranov, G. M. Klepach et al., Teplofiz. Vys. Temp. 15, 972 (1977).

Th. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

S. A. Zhdanok, A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, Th. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 76, 130 (1979) [Sov. Phys. JETP 49, 66 (1979)].

Usp. Fiz. Nauk. (1)

E. P. Velikhov, V. D. Pismenny, A. T. Rakhimov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk. 122, 419 (1977) [Sov. Phys. Usp. 20, 586 (1977)].
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. P. Napartovich, A. N. Starostin, in Plasma Chemistry, B. M. Smirnov, Ed. (Atomizdat, Moscow, 1979) Vol. 6, p. 153.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Discharge area interferograms taken (a) 8, (b) 16, (c) 30, and (d) 500 μsec after pulse discharge in CO2. P = 100 Torr.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence on time of the heated gas plug dimension for v1 = 1.8 m/sec (1) and v2 = 40 m/see (2).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Discharge area interferograms in N2 gas flow. P = 100 Torr. Delay after pulse = 9 msec.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Signals for cases when the second pulse takes place at the moment of arrival of the 5th (a) and 4th (o) rarefaction waves and the 4th compression wave (b) at the discharge gap in CO2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Discharge luminosity modulation arising from a transverse standing acoustic wave.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dependence of output power of the high-repetition-rate laser on repetition rate without damping of acoustic waves in the gas channel (1) and with damping (2).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Pulse repetition rate laser diagram: 1—closed cycle; 2—fans; 3—heat exchanger; 4—discharge chamber; 5—flow straightener grid; 6—diffuser; 7—convergent nozzle.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Average power of high-repetition-rate laser vs pulse-repetition frequency for various mixtures. P = 0.8 atm.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Optically pumped CF4 laser diagram: M1M6 —copper mirrors; G1, G2—plane gratings, 100 lines/mm; G3-plane grating, 75 lines/mm.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

16-μm output energy vs CO2 laser pumping energy.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

CF4 laser average power vs pulse-repetition frequency without CO2 laser stabilization at various CH4 flow velocities: V = 0 (1); V = 6 m/sec (2); V = 22 m/sec (3); and with stabilization at V = 22 m/sec (4).

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Maximum output power per pulse at 16 μm vs maximum CO2 output power per pulse.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

τ in = w A j 0 E ~ 10 - 6 sec
τ in * = ( τ V - T τ in ) 1 / 2 ,
| ln n e ln N | ( ν i T ) | ln ν i ln N | = ν i τ N 0 B E .
γ ac = 2 j 0 E w ν a ν d ν ^ a .

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