An unconventional autocorrelation method is described for measuring the transfer function of optical systems. The interference takes place between the scattered waves obtained from two laterally sheared correlated partial diffusers. The output of a detector responding only to an extremely narrowband of spatial frequencies is proportional to the autocorrelation of the system pupil function. An automatic display of the transfer function is obtained by continuously varying the shear between the diffusers. We present the theory and some experimental results of this simple and inexpensive device. A study of various parameters affecting the performance of the instrument is also given.
© 1980 Optical Society of America
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