Abstract

Experimental results achieved with a multiple-position random access switch for 10.6-μm radiation are described. The device uses cascaded Fabry-Perot interferometers to produce a 2-D array of beam positions with a wide field of view.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. C. Cheston, J. Frank, in Radar Handbook, M. I. Skolnick, Ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1970), p. 11-1.
  2. D. E. Lencioni, MIT Lincoln Laboratory; private communication.
  3. J. D. Zook, Appl. Opt. 13, 875 (1974).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. V. J. Fowler, J. Schlafer, Proc. IEEE 54, 1437 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. V. Pole, R. A. Myers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 182 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. A. Myers, R. V. Pole, IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 502 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Kulcke, K. Kosanke, E. Max, M. A. Habegger, T. J. Harris, H. Fleisher, Proc. IEEE 54, 1419 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Miller, U.S. Patent3,672,746 (14Jan.1970).
  9. Fabry-Perots, Data Sheet, Burleigh Instruments Corp., Fishers, New York (1976).
  10. A. F. Giles, Electronic Sensing Devices (Newnes, London, 1966).
  11. R. V. Jones, J. C. Richards, J. Phys. E. 6, 589 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. R. Reitz, F. J. Milford, Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1967), p. 115.
  13. D. G. Blair, Electron. Des. 70 (1Mar.1974).
  14. R. Horton, Electronic Data News 18, 81 (1973).
  15. T. Takagi, A. Yamakawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-25, 162 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Sanchez, P. D. Henshaw, R. B. McSheehy, Appl. Opt. 18, 2359 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

1976 (1)

T. Takagi, A. Yamakawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-25, 162 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

D. G. Blair, Electron. Des. 70 (1Mar.1974).

J. D. Zook, Appl. Opt. 13, 875 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1973 (2)

R. Horton, Electronic Data News 18, 81 (1973).

R. V. Jones, J. C. Richards, J. Phys. E. 6, 589 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

R. A. Myers, R. V. Pole, IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 502 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1966 (3)

W. Kulcke, K. Kosanke, E. Max, M. A. Habegger, T. J. Harris, H. Fleisher, Proc. IEEE 54, 1419 (1966).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Fowler, J. Schlafer, Proc. IEEE 54, 1437 (1966).
[CrossRef]

R. V. Pole, R. A. Myers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 182 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Blair, D. G.

D. G. Blair, Electron. Des. 70 (1Mar.1974).

Cheston, T. C.

T. C. Cheston, J. Frank, in Radar Handbook, M. I. Skolnick, Ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1970), p. 11-1.

Fleisher, H.

W. Kulcke, K. Kosanke, E. Max, M. A. Habegger, T. J. Harris, H. Fleisher, Proc. IEEE 54, 1419 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Fowler, V. J.

V. J. Fowler, J. Schlafer, Proc. IEEE 54, 1437 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Frank, J.

T. C. Cheston, J. Frank, in Radar Handbook, M. I. Skolnick, Ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1970), p. 11-1.

Giles, A. F.

A. F. Giles, Electronic Sensing Devices (Newnes, London, 1966).

Habegger, M. A.

W. Kulcke, K. Kosanke, E. Max, M. A. Habegger, T. J. Harris, H. Fleisher, Proc. IEEE 54, 1419 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Harris, T. J.

W. Kulcke, K. Kosanke, E. Max, M. A. Habegger, T. J. Harris, H. Fleisher, Proc. IEEE 54, 1419 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Henshaw, P. D.

Horton, R.

R. Horton, Electronic Data News 18, 81 (1973).

Jones, R. V.

R. V. Jones, J. C. Richards, J. Phys. E. 6, 589 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Kosanke, K.

W. Kulcke, K. Kosanke, E. Max, M. A. Habegger, T. J. Harris, H. Fleisher, Proc. IEEE 54, 1419 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Kulcke, W.

W. Kulcke, K. Kosanke, E. Max, M. A. Habegger, T. J. Harris, H. Fleisher, Proc. IEEE 54, 1419 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Lencioni, D. E.

D. E. Lencioni, MIT Lincoln Laboratory; private communication.

Max, E.

W. Kulcke, K. Kosanke, E. Max, M. A. Habegger, T. J. Harris, H. Fleisher, Proc. IEEE 54, 1419 (1966).
[CrossRef]

McSheehy, R. B.

Milford, F. J.

J. R. Reitz, F. J. Milford, Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1967), p. 115.

Miller, A.

A. Miller, U.S. Patent3,672,746 (14Jan.1970).

Myers, R. A.

R. A. Myers, R. V. Pole, IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 502 (1967).
[CrossRef]

R. V. Pole, R. A. Myers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 182 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Pole, R. V.

R. A. Myers, R. V. Pole, IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 502 (1967).
[CrossRef]

R. V. Pole, R. A. Myers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 182 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Reitz, J. R.

J. R. Reitz, F. J. Milford, Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1967), p. 115.

Richards, J. C.

R. V. Jones, J. C. Richards, J. Phys. E. 6, 589 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, A.

Schlafer, J.

V. J. Fowler, J. Schlafer, Proc. IEEE 54, 1437 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Takagi, T.

T. Takagi, A. Yamakawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-25, 162 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, A.

T. Takagi, A. Yamakawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-25, 162 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Zook, J. D.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Des. (1)

D. G. Blair, Electron. Des. 70 (1Mar.1974).

Electronic Data News (1)

R. Horton, Electronic Data News 18, 81 (1973).

IBM J. Res. Dev. (1)

R. A. Myers, R. V. Pole, IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 502 (1967).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. V. Pole, R. A. Myers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 182 (1966).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

T. Takagi, A. Yamakawa, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-25, 162 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. E. (1)

R. V. Jones, J. C. Richards, J. Phys. E. 6, 589 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (2)

W. Kulcke, K. Kosanke, E. Max, M. A. Habegger, T. J. Harris, H. Fleisher, Proc. IEEE 54, 1419 (1966).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Fowler, J. Schlafer, Proc. IEEE 54, 1437 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

T. C. Cheston, J. Frank, in Radar Handbook, M. I. Skolnick, Ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1970), p. 11-1.

D. E. Lencioni, MIT Lincoln Laboratory; private communication.

A. Miller, U.S. Patent3,672,746 (14Jan.1970).

Fabry-Perots, Data Sheet, Burleigh Instruments Corp., Fishers, New York (1976).

A. F. Giles, Electronic Sensing Devices (Newnes, London, 1966).

J. R. Reitz, F. J. Milford, Foundations of Electromagnetic Theory (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1967), p. 115.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Coverage of field of view.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Four-position solid wedge digital switch.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Minimum transmission of a cascade of four 4-position switches.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Zinc selenide showing capacitive position sensors.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Circuit to measure capacitance.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Fabry-Perot stability without (a) and with (b) feedback.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Side view of 4-position switch.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental setup for efficiency and speed measurements.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Results of efficiency measurements on 4-position switch.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Resonance control using two-step excitation.

Tables (1)

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Table I Technical Requirements for Agile Beam

Equations (7)

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N = m s N A 2 N P A .
I t I i = ( 1 - A 1 - R ) 2 1 1 + F sin 2 ( δ / 2 ) ,
F = 4 R ( 1 - R ) 2 ,
δ = 4 π n d cos α λ .
I r I i = ( ¼ ) L 2 F + F ( 1 - L ) sin 2 ( δ / 2 ) 1 + F sin 2 ( δ / 2 ) .
f = 1 2 π [ K / ( M + m / 3 ) ] 1 / 2 ,
T = 2 L V π 3 ( 1 + 3 M m ) 1 / 2 ,

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