Abstract

The Shroud of Turin is a partially scorched linen cloth containing an apparently bloodstained sepia image of a man lying in a state of repose. It is believed by some to be the burial cloth of Jesus of Nazareth. A team of scientists, under the auspices of The Shroud of Turin Research Project, Inc., performed nondestructive measurements on the Shroud with electromagnetic energy from x ray to the IR to develop data leading to the analysis of the substances making up the body image stains and bloodstains. Presented here are UV–visible reflectance and fluoroescence spectra of the sepia body image area and scorched and bloodstained areas on the shroud.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. I. Wilson, The Shroud of Turin (Doubleday, Garden City, N.Y., 1978).
  2. Proceedings, 1977 United States Conference of Research on The Shroud of Turin (Holy Shroud Guild, 294 East 150th St., Bronx, N.Y.1977).
  3. S. F. Pellicori, Appl. Opt. 19, 1913 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. S. Accetta, J. S. Baumgart, Appl. Opt 19, 1921 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (2)

S. F. Pellicori, Appl. Opt. 19, 1913 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Accetta, J. S. Baumgart, Appl. Opt 19, 1921 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Accetta, J. S.

J. S. Accetta, J. S. Baumgart, Appl. Opt 19, 1921 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumgart, J. S.

J. S. Accetta, J. S. Baumgart, Appl. Opt 19, 1921 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pellicori, S. F.

Wilson, I.

I. Wilson, The Shroud of Turin (Doubleday, Garden City, N.Y., 1978).

Appl. Opt (1)

J. S. Accetta, J. S. Baumgart, Appl. Opt 19, 1921 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Other (2)

I. Wilson, The Shroud of Turin (Doubleday, Garden City, N.Y., 1978).

Proceedings, 1977 United States Conference of Research on The Shroud of Turin (Holy Shroud Guild, 294 East 150th St., Bronx, N.Y.1977).

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Figures (18)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The Shroud of Turin shown above as a photographic positive and below as a photographic negative. Visible are two parallel lines of scorches and frontal and dorsal images of the body in the center. Apparent bloodstains show in the positive as darker spots on the body image.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Oriel reflectometer/fluorimeter with cover removed with lamp power supply, photomultiplier radiometer, and x-y recorder.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Oriel reflectometer/fluorimeter schematic layout.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Typical raw reflectance scan (point B3A-clear).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Typical raw fluorescence scan (point B3A-clear).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Absolute spectral reflectance (referred to magnesium oxide) of two clear unstained areas on the Shroud and the mean reflectance of five clear areas.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spectral fluorescence with excitation at 365 nm of four clear areas on Shroud.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Relative spectral reflectance of the mean of five body image areas (nose-F8F, cheek-F8E, calf-B1E, two points on back of neck-B6A, B6A1) and the mean of three scorched areas (F8H, B3E, B3E1).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Apparent relative spectral absorbance of the mean of five body image areas (nose-F8F, cheek-FE, calf-B1E, two points on back of neck-B6A, B6A1) and the mean of three scorched points (F8H, B3E, B3E1).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Relative spectral reflectance of four body image areas on the Shroud (calf, finger, nose, and heel).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Spectral fluorescence with excitation at 365 nm of four body image areas on the Shroud (calf, neck, nose, and heel) compared with one clear area.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Relative spectral reflectance of five scorched areas on the Shroud.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Spectral fluorescences with excitation at 365 nm of six scorched areas on the Shroud compared with one clear area.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Relative spectral reflectance of the mean of four bloodstained areas on the Shroud (wrist-F3E, side-F6B, forehead 3 mark-F8C, and back-B3C).

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Apparent relative spectral absorbance of the mean of four bloodstained areas on the Shroud (wrist-F3E, side-F6B, forehead 3 mark-F8C, and back-B3C).

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Relative spectral reflectance of four bloodstained areas on the Shroud (foot, forehead-3 mark, wrist, lance wound).

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Spectral fluorescence with excitation at 365 nm of three bloodstained areas on the Shroud (forehead-3 mark, wrist, and lance wound) compared with one clear area.

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

Shroud showing locations of data points.

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