Fluorescent and Raman scattering by molecules embedded in dielectric particles is strongly dependent on the morphology and optical properties of the particle and the distribution of active molecules within the particle. In this paper, the formalism is derived for the case where the scattering molecules are embedded in an infinite dielectric cylinder. Analytical results for the scattered fields are given for arbitrary angles of incidence. The general results, which involve an integral and a sum, are rather lengthy. Accordingly, the saddle-point method has been used to carry out the integration approximately. Numerical results are given for perpendicular incidence and for observation in the plane perpendicular to the cylinder axis, for single dipoles variously located within the cylinder, and for a uniform distribution of isotropic incoherent dipoles. The angular distribution and polarization of the scattered irradiance depends sensitively upon cylinder radius and refractive index, so that this effect must be considered if inelastic scattering signals are to be used as a diagnostic tool.
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ErrataH. Chew, D. D. Cooke, and M. Kerker, "Raman and fluorescent scattering by molecules embedded in dielectric cylinders: erratum," Appl. Opt. 19, 1741-1741 (1980)