Abstract

Strip waveguides having half-paraboloid shaped tapers that permit efficient fiber to waveguide coupling have been fabricated by Ag ion exchange in soda-lime glass. A reduction in the input coupling loss has been accomplished by tailoring the diffusion to provide a gradual transition from a single-mode waveguide to a multimode waveguide having cross-sectional dimensions comparable to the core diameter of a single-mode fiber. Waveguides without tapers exhibit an attenuation of 1.0 dB/cm and an input coupling loss of 0.6 dB. The additional loss introduced by the tapered region is 0.5 dB. By way of contrast, an input coupling loss of 2.4 dB is obtained by coupling directly to a single-mode waveguide, indicating a net improvement of 1.3 dB for the tapered waveguides.

© 1979 Optical Society of America

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